Mass in C major, K. 259 "Organ solo"

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Missa brevis in C major
"Organ Solo"
Mass by W. A. Mozart
Salzburger Dom.jpg
Salzburg Cathedral may have been the first performance venue of the mass.
KeyC major
CatalogueK. 259
Composed1776 (1776): Salzburg
VocalSATB choir and soloists
  • orchestra
  • continuo

The Missa brevis No. 8 in C major, K. 259, is a mass composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1776.[1] It is scored for SATB soloists, SATB choir, violin I and II, 2 oboes, 2 clarini (high trumpets), 3 trombones colla parte, timpani and basso continuo.

Although classed as a missa brevis (brief mass), the inclusion of trumpets in the scoring makes it a missa brevis et solemnis.[1][2] The mass derives its nickname Orgelmesse or Orgelsolomesse (Organ Solo Mass) from the obbligato organ solo entry of the Benedictus.[1][3] This is one of three masses Mozart composed in November and December 1776, all set in C major, including the Credo Mass (K. 257) and the Piccolominimesse (K. 258).[4]

The work consists of six movements. Performances require approximately 10–15 minutes.

  1. Kyrie Andante, C major, common time
  2. Gloria Allegro, C major, 3/4
  3. Credo Allegro, C major, common time
  4. Sanctus Adagio maestoso, C major, 3/4
    "Pleni sunt coeli et terra" Allegro, C major, cut common time
  5. Benedictus Allegro vivace, G major, 3/4
    "Hosanna in excelsis" Allegro, C major, 3/4
  6. Agnus Dei Adagio, C major, common time
    "Dona nobis pacem" Allegro, C major, 3/4


  1. ^ a b c Sadie, Stanley (2006). Mozart: The Early Years 1756–1781.
  2. ^ Eisen, Cliff; Keefe, Simon, eds. (2006). The Cambridge Mozart Encyclopedia. p. 276.
  3. ^ Kennedy, Michael; Bourne, Joyce, eds. (2004). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. p. 535.
  4. ^ Einstein, Alfred (1945). Mozart: His Character, His Work. p. 338.

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