Mass in D minor, K. 65

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Missa brevis in D minor
Mass by W. A. Mozart
Homann Salzburg Kollegienkirche 1.jpg
Kollegienkirche, the University Church of Salzburg, c. 1712
Key D minor
Catalogue K. 65/61a
Occasion Forty-hour vigil held at the Kollegienkirche
Composed 1769 (1769): Salzburg
Movements 6
Vocal SATB choir and soloists
Instrumental
  • 3 trombones
  • 2 violins
  • continuo

The Missa brevis in D minor, K. 65/61a, is a mass composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and completed on 14 January 1769.[1] It is scored for SATB soloists and choir, violin I and II, 3 trombones colla parte, and basso continuo.

It is thought that this mass was performed in the University of Salzburg's Kollegienkirche to open a forty-hour vigil.[2][3] As a Lenten mass, it is likely that the Gloria could not have been performed on this occasion, and would have been composed for subsequent use.[4] This is Mozart's shortest setting of the Order of Mass, and his only missa brevis set in a minor key.[3]

The mass is divided into six movements.

  1. Kyrie Adagio, D minor, common time
    "Kyrie eleison" – Allegro, D minor, 3/4
  2. Gloria Allegro moderato, D minor, common time
  3. Credo Allegro moderato, D minor, 3/4
    "Et incarnatus est" Adagio, D minor, cut common time
    "Et resurrexit" Allegro moderato, D minor, 3/4
    "Et vitam venturi saeculi" Più mosso, D minor, cut common time
  4. Sanctus Adagio, D minor, cut common time
    "Pleni sunt coeli et terra" Allegro, D minor, common time
    "Hosanna in excelsis" Allegro, D minor, 3/4
  5. Benedictus Andante, G minor, common time; soprano/alto duet
    "Hosanna in excelsis" Allegro, D minor, 3/4
  6. Agnus Dei Andante, D minor, common time
    "Dona nobis pacem" Vivace, D minor, 3/8

References[edit]

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