Mission: Impossible (film)
|Directed by||Brian De Palma|
|Based on||Mission: Impossible|
by Bruce Geller
|Music by||Danny Elfman|
|Cinematography||Stephen H. Burum|
|Edited by||Paul Hirsch|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$457.7 million|
Mission: Impossible is a 1996 American action spy film directed by Brian De Palma and produced by and starring Tom Cruise. A continuation of both the original television series of the same name and its revived sequel series (and set six years after the events of the latter show), it is the first installment in the Mission: Impossible film series. The plot follows Ethan Hunt (Cruise) and his mission to uncover the mole who has framed him for the murders of most of his Impossible Missions Force (IMF) team.
Work on the script had begun early with filmmaker Sydney Pollack on board, before De Palma, Steven Zaillian, David Koepp, and Robert Towne were brought in. Mission: Impossible went into pre-production without a shooting script: De Palma devised several action sequences, but Koepp and Towne were dissatisfied with the story that led up to those events. U2 band members Larry Mullen Jr. and Adam Clayton produced a dance rendition of the original theme music, which became a top-ten hit in the US (receiving gold record certification) and six other countries and was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance.
Mission: Impossible was a commercial success, eventually becoming the third highest-grossing film of 1996, and garnered a mostly favorable response from critics. Its success spawned the Mission: Impossible film series.
Jim Phelps and his latest Impossible Missions Force (IMF) team, who had just finished another mission in Kiev, are sent to Prague to stop rogue agent Alexander Golitsyn from stealing the CIA non-official cover (NOC) list. However, the mission unexpectedly fails when the list is stolen, Phelps is apparently killed along with Golitsyn and the rest of the team in various incidents, leaving Ethan Hunt as the sole survivor. While IMF director Eugene Kittridge debriefs him, Hunt realizes that another IMF team is present watching him, and learns that the mission was a setup to lure out a mole within the IMF, who is believed to be working with an arms dealer known as "Max" as part of "Job 314." Hunt, realizing Kittridge suspects him of being the mole as he is the only survivor, escapes by using exploding chewing gum given to him by another agent before the mission.
After returning to the Prague safe house, Hunt realizes "Job 314" actually refers to Bible verse Job 3:14, "Job" being the mole's code name. Claire arrives at the safe house, explaining that she escaped the car bombing after Phelps aborted the mission. Hunt arranges a meeting with the arms dealer Max in order to warn her that the NOC list she has is fake and equipped with a tracking device. Max chooses to believe him and they escape together just as Kittridge and the other IMF team, following the tracking device, raid Max’s apartment. Hunt promises Max that he can give her the real list in return for $10 million and Job's identity.
Hunt and Claire recruit two disavowed IMF agents: hacker Luther Stickell and helicopter pilot Franz Krieger. They infiltrate CIA headquarters in Langley, steal the real list while narrowly avoiding detection, and escape to London. Kittridge retaliates by having Hunt's mother and uncle falsely arrested for drug trafficking. After learning about their arrests, Hunt contacts him from a payphone, intentionally allowing the IMF to trace the call and alerting them to his location. After the call, he is unexpectedly confronted by Jim Phelps. Phelps recounts surviving the shooting, naming Kittridge as the mole. Hunt, however, already discovered that Phelps is the mole, having discovered the Bible he has been using to communicate with Max having a Gideons stamp that Phelps took from Chicago's Drake Hotel during a previous assignment known to Hunt's team. Hunt, pretending to believe Phelps, pieces together how he betrayed and killed his teammates. Hunt later arranges with Max to exchange the list aboard the TGV train to Paris, while also inviting Kittridge to the meeting.
On the train, Hunt directs Max to the list. Max verifies it and sends Hunt to the baggage car where the money and Job are located. Meanwhile, Stickell uses a jamming device to prevent Max from uploading the list to her servers. Claire reaches the baggage car, finds Phelps, and reveals that she was working with him all along as a co-conspirator, betraying Hunt. However, Phelps reveals himself to be Hunt in disguise. When the real Phelps arrives and takes the money at gunpoint, Hunt puts on a pair of video glasses that shows Phelps alive to Kittridge and exposing him as the mole. Phelps attempts to shoot Hunt, but kills Claire instead when she tries to talk him out of it. Phelps then climbs to the roof of the train where Krieger is waiting with a helicopter to assist with his escape. As Phelps attempts to climb on to the helicopter using a tether, Hunt connects the tether to the train, preventing Krieger from flying away and forcing the helicopter into the Channel Tunnel. While in the tunnel, Hunt attaches explosive chewing gum on the helicopter windshield, destroying it, killing Krieger and Phelps. Kittridge confronts Max and recovers the NOC list from Stickell. As he and Stickell are reinstated back in the IMF, Hunt is unsure about returning to the team, but on the flight home, an attendant, through a coded phrase, asks him if he wants to take on a new mission.
- Tom Cruise as Ethan Hunt
- Jon Voight as Jim Phelps
- Emmanuelle Béart as Claire Phelps
- Ving Rhames as Luther Stickell
- Vanessa Redgrave as Max
- Henry Czerny as Eugene Kittridge
- Jean Reno as Franz Krieger
- Kristin Scott Thomas as Sarah Davies
- Emilio Estevez as Jack Harmon
- Ingeborga Dapkūnaitė as Hannah Williams
- Karel Dobrý as Matthias
- Marcel Iureş as Alexander Golitsyn
- Rolf Saxon as CIA analyst William Donloe
- Olegar Fedoro as Kyiv agent
- Dale Dye as Frank Barnes
- Morgan Deare as Donald Hunt
Development and writing
Paramount Pictures owned the rights to the television series and had tried for years to make a film version but had failed to come up with a viable treatment. Tom Cruise had been a fan of the show since he was young and thought that it would be a good idea for a film. The actor chose Mission: Impossible to be the inaugural project of his new production company and convinced Paramount to put up a $70 million budget. Cruise and his producing partner, Paula Wagner, worked on a story with filmmaker Sydney Pollack for a few months when the actor hired Brian De Palma to direct. They went through two screenplay drafts that no one liked. De Palma brought in screenwriters Steve Zaillian, David Koepp, and finally Robert Towne. When the film was green-lit Koepp was initially fired with Robert Towne being the lead writer and Koepp being brought back on later. According to the director, the goal of the script was to "constantly surprise the audience." Reportedly, Koepp was paid $1 million to rewrite an original script by Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz. According to one project source, there were problems with dialogue and story development. However, the basic plot remained intact.
The film went into pre-production without a script that the filmmakers wanted to use. De Palma designed the action sequences but neither Koepp nor Towne were satisfied with the story that would make these sequences take place. Towne ended up helping organize a beginning, middle and end to hang story details on while De Palma and Koepp worked on the plot. De Palma convinced Cruise to set the first act of the film in Prague, a city rarely seen in Hollywood films at the time. Reportedly, studio executives wanted to keep the film's budget in the $40–50 million range, but Cruise wanted a "big, showy action piece" that took the budget up to the $62 million range. The scene that takes place in a glass-walled restaurant with a big lobster tank in the middle and three huge fish tanks overhead was Cruise's idea. There were 16 tons in all of the tanks and there was a concern that when they detonated, a lot of glass would fly around. De Palma tried the sequence with a stuntman, but it did not look convincing and he asked Cruise to do it, despite the possibility that the actor could have drowned.
The script that Cruise approved called for a final showdown to take place on top of a moving train. The actor wanted to use the famously fast French train the TGV but rail authorities did not want any part of the stunt performed on their trains. When that was no longer a problem, the track was not available. De Palma visited railroads on two continents trying to get permission. Cruise took the train owners out to dinner and the next day they were allowed to use it. For the actual sequence, the actor wanted wind that was so powerful that it could knock him off the train. Cruise had difficulty finding the right machine that would create the wind velocity that would look visually accurate before remembering a simulator he used while training as a skydiver. The only machine of its kind in Europe was located and acquired. Cruise had it produce winds up to 140 miles per hour so it would distort his face. Exterior shots of the train were filmed on the Glasgow South Western Line, between New Cumnock, Dumfries and Annan. Most of the sequence, however, was filmed on a stage against a blue screen for later digitizing by the visual effects team at Industrial Light & Magic.
The filmmakers delivered the film on time and under budget, a rarity in Hollywood, with Cruise doing most of his own stunts. Initially, there was a sophisticated opening sequence that introduced a love triangle between Jim Phelps, his wife Claire and Ethan Hunt that was removed because it took the test audience "out of the genre", according to De Palma. There were rumors that Cruise and De Palma did not get along, and these rumors were fueled when the director excused himself at the last moment from scheduled media interviews before the film's theatrical release.
The film uses Lalo Schifrin's original "Theme from Mission: Impossible". Alan Silvestri was originally hired to write the film's score, but his music was rejected and replaced with a new score by composer Danny Elfman. According to some sources, Silvestri had written and recorded some 20 minutes of music, and the decision to replace him was made by producer Tom Cruise during post-production. Elfman had only a few weeks to compose and produce the final score, which used Schifrin's "The Plot" theme in addition to his main theme, as well as new themes composed by Elfman for the characters Ethan Hunt, Claire and the IMF.
U2 bandmates Larry Mullen, Jr. and Adam Clayton were fans of the TV show and knew the original theme music well, but were nervous about remaking Schifrin's legendary theme song. Clayton put together his own version in New York City and Mullen did his in Dublin on weekends between U2 recording sessions. The two musicians were influenced by Brian Eno and the European dance club scene sound of the recently finished album Passengers. They allowed Polygram to pick its favorite and they wanted both. In a month, they had two versions of the song and five remixed by DJs. All seven tracks appeared on a limited edition vinyl release.
The song entered the top 10 of music charts around the world, was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance in 1997, and was a critical and commercial success.
Apple Inc. had a $15 million promotion linked to the film that included a game, print ads and television spot featuring scenes from the TV show turned into the feature film; dealer and in-theater promos; and a placement of Apple personal computers in the film. This was an attempt on Apple's part to improve their image after posting a $740 million loss in its fiscal second quarter.
Original television series cast
Several cast members of the original television series that ran from 1966–73, reacted negatively to the film.
Actor Greg Morris, who portrayed Barney Collier in the original television series, was reportedly disgusted with the film's treatment of the Phelps character, and he walked out of the theater before the film ended. Peter Graves, who played Jim Phelps in the original series as well as in the late-1980s revival, also disliked how Phelps turned out in the film. Graves had been offered the chance to reprise his role from the TV series, but turned it down upon learning his character would be revealed to be a traitor.
Martin Landau, who portrayed Rollin Hand in the original series, expressed his own disapproval concerning the film. In an MTV interview in October 2009, Landau stated, "When they were working on an early incarnation of the first one — not the script they ultimately did — they wanted the entire team to be destroyed, done away with one at a time, and I was against that. It was basically an action-adventure movie and not Mission. Mission was a mind game. The ideal mission was getting in and getting out without anyone ever knowing we were there. So the whole texture changed. Why volunteer to essentially have our characters commit suicide? I passed on it ... The script wasn't that good either!"
Mission: Impossible opened on May 22, 1996 in a then-record 3,012 theaters, becoming the first film to be released to over 3,000 theaters in the United States, and broke the record for a film opening on Wednesday with US$11.8 million, beating the $11.7 million Terminator 2: Judgment Day made in 1991. The film also set house records in several theaters around the United States. Mission: Impossible grossed $75 million in its first six days, surpassing Jurassic Park, and took in more than $56 million over the four-day Memorial Day weekend, beating out The Flintstones. Cruise deferred his usual $20 million fee for a significant percentage of the box office. The film went on to make $180.9 million in North America and $276.7 million in the rest of the world for a worldwide total of $457.6 million.
Mission: Impossible received mainly positive reviews from critics. The film has a 64% approval rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 58 reviews, with an average rating of 6/10, with the critical consensus reading, "Full of special effects, Brian De Palma’s update of Mission: Impossible has a lot of sweeping spectacle, but the plot is sometimes convoluted". On Metacritic, the film has a score of 59 out of 100, based on 29 reviews, indicating "mixed or average reviews". Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "B+" on an A+ to F scale. Chicago Sun-Times film critic Roger Ebert gave the film three out of four stars and wrote, "This is a movie that exists in the instant, and we must exist in the instant to enjoy it." In his review for The New York Times, Stephen Holden addressed the film's convoluted plot: "If that story doesn't make a shred of sense on any number of levels, so what? Neither did the television series, in which basic credibility didn't matter so long as its sci-fi popular mechanics kept up the suspense." Mike Clark of USA Today gave the film three out of four stars and said that it was "stylish, brisk but lacking in human dimension despite an attractive cast, the glass is either half-empty or half-full here, though the concoction goes down with ease."
However, Hal Hinson, in his review for The Washington Post, wrote, "There are empty thrills, and some suspense. But throughout the film, we keep waiting for some trace of personality, some color in the dialogue, some hipness in the staging or in the characters' attitudes. And it's not there." Time magazine's Richard Schickel wrote, "What is not present in Mission: Impossible (which, aside from the title, sound-track quotations from the theme song and self-destructing assignment tapes, has little to do with the old TV show) is a plot that logically links all these events or characters with any discernible motives beyond surviving the crisis of the moment." Writing for Entertainment Weekly, Owen Gleiberman gave the film a "B" rating and said, "The problem isn't that the plot is too complicated; it's that each detail is given the exact same nagging emphasis. Intriguing yet mechanistic, jammed with action yet as talky and dense as a physics seminar, the studiously labyrinthine Mission: Impossible grabs your attention without quite tickling your imagination."
Many critics have given the CIA break-in, and the final climactic chase sequence, particular praise often in spite of their reception of the rest of the film. Both scenes have frequently featured highly on fans and critics lists of best action scenes from this series, and have been referenced many times in other subsequent works.
Mission: Impossible was released by Paramount Home Video on VHS on November 12, 1996 and DVD on November 17, 1998. The film was released on DVD again on April 11, 2006, as a special collector's edition. A Blu-ray release followed on June 3, 2008, a 4K UHD Blu-ray version was released on June 26, 2018, offering upgraded picture and audio.
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