|Mission Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña|
|Location||807 Mission Rd|
San Antonio, Texas 78210
|Designated||2015 (39th session)|
|Parent listing||San Antonio Missions|
|State Party||United States|
|Region||Europe and North America|
|Designated||April 15, 1970|
Franciscan Friars established Mission Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de Acuña (also Mission Concepción) in 1711 as Nuestra Señora de la Purísima Concepción de los Hainais in East Texas. The mission was by the Domingo Ramón-St. Denis expedition and was originally meant to be a base for converting the Hasinai to Catholicism and teaching them what they needed to know to become Mexican citizens. The friars moved the mission in 1731 to San Antonio. After its relocation most of the people in the mission were Pajalats who spoke a Coahuiltecan language. Catholic Mass is still held at the mission every Sunday.
On October 28, 1835, Mexican troops under Colonel Domingo de Ugartechea and Texian insurgents led by James Bowie and James Fannin fought the Battle of Concepción here. Historian J.R. Edmondson describes the 30-minute engagement as "the first major engagement of the Texas Revolution."
Mission Concepción is the oldest unrestored stone church in America. it was designated a National Historic Landmark on April 15, 1970 and is part of San Antonio Missions National Historical Park. In 2015, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization designated Concepción and four other San Antonio missions, including The Alamo, as a World Heritage Site, the first in Texas and one of twenty-three such establishments in the United States.
Mission Concepción consists of a sanctuary, nave, convento, and granary. When originally built, brightly painted frescos decorated both the exterior and interior of the building. Traces of the frescoes still exist on the weathered facade of the building. Experts restored some of the artwork on the interior ceilings and walls of the convento in 1988. The Archdiocese of San Antonio completed another restoration of the mission's interior in 2010 which exposed more frescoes in the sanctuary and nave.
The church in 1892.
The church in 2017.
The area surrounding the mission.
The portal to the church.
Interior of the church.
Stairwell adjacent to the church leading to the former Father President's office
Interior fresco upon the ceiling of the old library in the convento.
Architectural drawing from HAER
The grotto in 2017.
The western entrance to the church is aligned to the sunset in such a way that an "annual double solar illumination event" occurs every year on or around August 15, the feast day of the Assumption of Mary.
- Spanish missions in Texas
- Mission San José y San Miguel de Aguayo
- Mission San Juan Capistrano
- Mission San Francisco de la Espada
- Espada Acequia
- "Mission Concepción". National Park Service. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
- Donald E. Chipman (2010). "RAMÓN, DOMINGO". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved August 13, 2020.
- Barr, Juliana (2007). Peace Came in the Form of a Woman: Indians and Spaniards in the Texas Borderlands. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. p. 131.
- Edmondson, J.R. (2000), The Alamo Story-From History to Current Conflicts, Plano, Texas: Republic of Texas Press, p. 224, ISBN 1-55622-678-0, OCLC 42842410
- Bell, Wayne (1971), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Mission Concepcion (pdf), National Park Service
- "Celebrating the history of San Antonio's missions: Long-ago view of Concepción is highlight of night", San Antonio Express-News, October 17, 2015, p. 1
- "Rare solar illumination", My San Antonio News, 14 Aug 2017
- Note: The same solar alignment also occurs on or around April 27.
- San Antonio Missions National Historical Park
- Mission Conception parish
- Mission Conception entry at Handbook of Texas Online
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. TX-319-A, "Mission Senora de la Purisima Concepcion, Church, 807 Mission Road, San Antonio, Bexar County, TX", 17 photos, 3 color transparencies, 7 data pages, 3 photo caption pages
- HABS No. TX-319-B, "Mission Senora de la Purisima Concepcion, Convent, 807 Mission Road, San Antonio, Bexar County, TX", 3 photos, 1 color transparency, 4 data pages, 2 photo caption pages