Mission San Pedro y San Pablo de Bicuñer
|Location||Imperial County, California, near Yuma, Arizona|
|Name as founded||La Misión de San Pedro y San Pablo de Bicuñer|
|English translation||The Mission of Saint Peter and Saint Paul of Bicuñer|
|Patron||The Apostles Saint Peter and Saint Paul|
|Founding date||January 7, 1781|
|Founding priest(s)||Father Francisco Garcés |
Mission San Pedro y San Pablo de Bicuñer was founded on January 7, 1781 by Spanish Padre Francisco Garcés, to protect the Anza Trail where it forded the Colorado River, between colonial Mexico and Alta California.
The settlement, located about 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Yuma Crossing in present day California, was not part of the Spanish California missions chain, but was administered as a part of the Arizona missions chain.
In retaliation, the Quechan (Yuma) Indians and their allies attacked and destroyed the installation and the neighboring Mission Puerto de Purísima Concepción during a three-day period, from July 17–19, 1781. Some 50 Spaniards, including Father Garcés (along with three other friars and Captain Fernando Rivera y Moncada) were killed, and the women and children taken captive. The Indians' victory closed this crossing and seriously crippled future communications between Las Californias province and colonial Mexico, both within the Viceroyalty of New Spain.
Today, only a California Historical Marker identifies the site. The marker is located on Imperial County Road 524, 0.2 mi W of the intersection of Levee Road and Mehring Road, and 4.4 mi NE of Bard, in northeastern Imperial County.
- Missions of the Colorado River
- Discovery of California
- Virtual Tour of California Missions
- California State Landmark number 921 plaque
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