Apostolic Prefecture of the Falkland Islands
|Prefecture Apostolic of Falkland Islands|
Apostolica Praefectura de Insulis Falkland
|Ecclesiastical province||Immediately subject to the Holy See|
|Area||12,173 km2 (4,700 sq mi)|
(as of 2010)|
|Established||10 January 1952|
|Apostolic Administrator||Hugh Allan, O.Praem.|
|Vicar General||Fr. John Wisdom, O.Praem.|
The Apostolic Prefecture of Falkland Islands (Latin: Apostolica Præfectura de Insulis Falkland) is a Roman Catholic apostolic prefecture (missionary circoncscription) located in the Falkland Islands and covering the Falkland Islands and South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, UK Southern Atlantic Ocean overseas possessions, off Argentina and Antarctica.
It is exempt, i.e. immediately subject to the Holy See, not part of an ecclesiastical province. Its only church on the actual Falklands is its episcopal see, St Mary's, in the Falklands capital Stanley. Christ Church Cathedral is not a Roman Catholic church but is the southernmost Anglican cathedral in the world, consecrated in 1892.
The Latin missionary jurisdiction was established on 1 October 1952 as Apostolic Prefecture, splitting the offshore territory of Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands from the Diocese of Punta Arenas in Chile.
Mission Sui Iuris of Saint Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha
An exempt mission sui juris has been created, on 18 August 1986, for the British overseas territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, comprising the Atlantic ocean islands of Saint Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha, off the West African coasts, splitting these territories from the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cape Town.
It comprises a church or chapel on each dependent island :
- Church of the Sacred Heart in Jamestown, Saint Helena
- Grotto of Our Lady on Ascension
- Church of Saint Joseph on Tristan da Cunha.
From the start, the office of its ecclesiastical superior (also exempt, i.e. immediately subject to the Holy See) has been vested in the Apostolic Prefect of the Falklands, a fellow UK Southern Atlantic overseas possession.
So far, all incumbents were members of Roman rite missionary congregations, none titular bishops
- Prelates of the Falkland Islands
- Friar James Ireland, M.H.M. (March 28, 1952 – †1973)
- Friar Daniel Martin Spraggon, M.H.M. (May 7, 1973 – †September 27, 1985)
- Prelates of the Falkland Islands and Ecclesiastical Superiors of Saint Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha
- Mgr. Anton Agreiter, M.H.M. (October 1, 1986 – August 9, 2002; †2003)
- Mgr. Michael Bernard McPartland, S.M.A. (August 9, 2002 – 26 October 2016; †2017)
- Abbot Hugh Allan, O.Praem. (26 October 2016 – present)
- GigaCatholic Falkland Islands, with incumbent biography links
- GigaCatholic Saint Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha, with incumbent biographies
- Prefecture Website
- "Press release from the Office of the Bishopric of the Forces: Former Territorial Army Chaplain to become the next Catholic Forces Bishop". Archdiocese of Southwark. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
- "Ordination of Mgr Richard Moth as Catholic Bishop of the Forces". The Catholic Church in England and Wales. 29 September 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
- "THE RIGHT REVEREND THOMAS MATTHEW BURNS". Diocese of Minevia. Retrieved 9 April 2016.