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Missiquoi Territory within the Larger Territory of the Western Abenaki Tribes

The Missiquoi (or the Missisquoi or the Sokoki) are a Native American tribe located in the Wabanaki region of what now is northern Vermont and southern Quebec. This Algonquian group is a sub-group of the Abenaki who lived along the eastern shore of Lake Champlain at the time of the European incursion. Their name Missiassik, which "Missisquois" is derived, means "place of flint" in the Abenaki language; or alternatively, from "Masipskoik a word that means "place where there are boulders", more specifically "boulders point."[1]

Today, the Missisiquoi tribe is known as the St. Francis-Sokoki Band of the Abenaki Nation of Missisquoi. It was recognized by the state of Vermont in 2012 after a nearly 40 year fight to be recognized by the state as a tribe and denial at the federal level.[2] The tribe is currently organized by the Missisquoi Abenaki Tribal Council which is headquartered in Swanton, Vermont.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Who We Are". Missiquois Abenaki Tribal Council. Archived from the original on 2013-01-07. Retrieved 2012-12-12.
  2. ^ "Summary under the Criteria for the Proposed Finding on the St. Francis/Sokoki Band of Abenakis of Vermont" (PDF). Bureau of Indian Affairs. Retrieved 3 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Missisquoi Abenaki Tribal Council". Tribal News and Updates. Archived from the original on 2013-01-07. Retrieved 2012-12-12.
  • Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes (New York: Checkmark Books, 2006) p. 1

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