Mississauga City Centre

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Mississauga City Centre
Mississauga skyline in 2016
Mississauga skyline in 2016
Location of Mississauga City Centre
Location of Mississauga City Centre
Coordinates: 43°33′31″N 79°38′38″W / 43.5587°N 79.6440°W / 43.5587; -79.6440
Regional municipalityPeel

Mississauga City Centre is the downtown of Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. The downtown district is located generally at the intersection of Hurontario Street and Burnhamthorpe Road, centred around Square One Shopping Centre.

Design and layout[edit]

Highrise corridor developing along Confederation Parkway

Mississauga is a suburban city, restructured from the predominantly rural Toronto Township, and as a result the core is a modern and fully planned greenfield development, rather than a traditional city downtown which grew organically over a long period of time. As such, it's boundaries are sharp and there is no transitional inner city between it and the surrounding suburban areas, some of which are older than the city centre itself. In addition, despite Mississauga being located on Lake Ontario, the city centre is not located on or near the waterfront (as is typically the case for cities situated by water), but is located 6 km (3.7 mi) inland.[citation needed]

Originally there was an octagonal ring road encircling Square One Shopping Centre,[1] but later changes to the street pattern as development progressed resulted in parts of it being incorporated into the present City Centre Drive and Duke of York Boulevard or being replaced by Square One Drive.[2]

The early developments in the city centre were mostly office buildings set in the middle of parking lots or condominiums constructed in tower in the park settings, as was the typical before the new urbanism principle was applied in the city centre planning area. Two of these office developments (including Mississauga's second Civic Centre) have since been demolished and have been or are being replaced with new projects.[3][4]


Mississauga Civic Centre, completed in 1987

The intersection of Hurontario Street and Burnhamthorpe Road was once the site of a rural hamlet named Payne's Corners.[5] Prior to 1973, the area was predominantly agricultural. In the 1950s, developer Bruce McLaughlin began buying up farms in the area as he envisioned the-then mostly rural Toronto Township, as Mississauga was then known, becoming a future major city (at the time, suburban growth was already spilling over from Metropolitan Toronto) with a new urban core. To get his envisioned core started, he proposed building Square One in 1969. The new core was given an additional boost that year after a fire badly damaged the newly incorporated Town of Mississauga's municipal offices in the nearby community of Cooksville, prompting the municipality to move its offices (a move that was already being contemplated) to a new building constructed on a plot of land in the area exchanged with McLaughlin for the old Cooksville property.[6][7]

In 1973, Square One opened,[7] and it provided the catalyst for the development of the new city centre. Mississauga's first mayor, Martin Dobkin, as well as then-future mayor Hazel McCallion, wanted the city centre developed in Cooksville, the municipality's most central historic community, by intensification,[8] but the popularity of the mall (as well as the location of the civic centre), enticed developers, such as Ignat Kaneff and Harold Shipp, to construct condominium and office projects around it, such as the Mississauga Executive Centre in 1976.[9][10] In 1986, Shipp worked with the Mathews Corporation to open a Novotel hotel, which is today still the only hotel in the city centre.[11]

When McLaughlin's corporation ran into financial difficulties in the late 1970s, Mayor Hazel McCallion proposed that an iconic new city hall with a large civic square be built. Groundbreaking took place in 1984 for the new facility, and it was opened in July 1987,[12][13] with the Duke and Duchess of York being present at the opening ceremonies.[14]


Absolute World

Mississauga City Centre today has a number of highrise buildings and, largely due the Greater Toronto Area condo boom,[15] has several more under construction and planned. Most of this newer growth has occurred west of City Hall, centred along Confederation Parkway, in an area that was the last sector to develop but which has now become the most densely populated area in the core, and that most resembles a stereotypical downtown streetscape.

One of the earliest built and most prominent buildings in the city centre include the aforementioned City Hall. As of 2021, the tallest is the residential Absolute World complex, located at the northeast corner of Burnhamthorpe Road and Hurontario Street. It consists of six towers, with its iconic main twin towers, nicknamed "the Marilyn Monroe" because of their curvy shape, standing 50 and 56 storeys. Other residential towers include PSV at Parkside Village,[16] One Park Tower,[17] and Chicago.[18]

Under construction[edit]

Projects currently under construction include the multi-tower M City Condominiums (the main tower which will become Mississauga's tallest building at 62 storeys),[19] Avia,[20] and Exchange District Condos.[21]


Sheridan College Hazel McCallion Campus

Mississauga's largest public library, the Central Library, is located at 301 Burnhamthorpe Road West at the corner of Living Arts Drive.[22] The city's YMCA is located at 325 Burnhamthorpe West, across the street from the Central Library.[23] Living Arts Centre, a performing arts venue, opened in 1997.[24] A satellite campus of Sheridan College, the Hazel McCallion Campus, is also located in the city centre at 4180 Duke of York Boulevard at Rathburn Road. Its first phase opened in 2011.[25]


Aerial view of City Centre Transit Terminal

Public transit[edit]

Mississauga City Centre is well-served by MiWay and GO Transit. The City Centre Transit Terminal is the city's main transit terminal and hosts 21 MiWay bus routes and one Brampton Transit–operated bus rapid transit (named Züm) route. GO Transit buses serve the nearby Square One Bus Terminal. The under-construction Hurontario LRT will serve the terminal via a spur along Rathburn Road.[26]


Two key streets in the city centre are Hurontario Street and Burnhamthorpe Road. There are also other secondary arterials such as Rathburn Road, Confederation Parkway, and City Centre Drive. Highway 403 forms the northern boundary of the city centre and provides access to it from interchanges at Hurontario Street and Mavis Road, with the latter accessed via Centre View Drive, which runs alongside the freeway and branches off eastbound from the interchange.


  1. ^ "Aerial photo of original Square One ring road in 1975". City of Toronto Archives (via Eloquent Systems Inc.). Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  2. ^ Google (December 10, 2020). "Street network surrounding Square One in 2018" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  3. ^ Mackintosh, Meghan. "Way Back Wednesday: The History of Robert Speck Parkway". Heritage Mississauga. Mississauga Heritage Foundation. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  4. ^ "Exchange District Condos (Photo of office building being demolished to make may for the Exchange District condos)". Urban Toronto. Retrieved December 10, 2020.
  5. ^ "Map of County of Peel, Ontario, Canada. (1937) Payne's Corner's, located north of Cooksville". Perkins Bull Foundation. Retrieved December 17, 2020.
  6. ^ Urbaniak, Tom (2009). Her Worship: Hazel McCallion and the development of Mississauga. University of Toronto Press. p. 67. ISBN 978-0802096029.
  7. ^ a b "The Rise of the Shopping Centre". Heritage Mississauga. Mississauga Heritage Foundation. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  8. ^ Urbaniak, Tom (2009). Her Worship: Hazel McCallion and the development of Mississauga. University of Toronto Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-0802096029.
  9. ^ "Our Story". www.kaneff.com. Kaneff Group of Companies. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  10. ^ "History of Our Office Complex". Mississauga Executive Centre. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
  11. ^ Urbaniak, Tom (2009). Her Worship: Hazel McCallion and the development of Mississauga. University of Toronto Press. p. 118. ISBN 978-0802096029.
  12. ^ Urbaniak, Tom (2009). Her Worship: Hazel McCallion and the development of Mississauga. University of Toronto Press. p. 118,119. ISBN 978-0802096029.
  13. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia - Mississauga: Present Day Archived 2008-10-05 at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Menzies, Joaquim (November 23, 2003). "Mayor tells all at lecture series". The Mississauga News.
  15. ^ "Condo boom puts Toronto atop Crane Index … again". Real Estate News EXchange. 6 April 2020. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  16. ^ "PSV at Parkside Village, Mississauga | 1195294". Emporis. Archived from the original on July 23, 2021. Retrieved 2022-05-03.
  17. ^ "One Park Tower, Mississauga | 230333". Emporis. Archived from the original on May 14, 2015. Retrieved 2022-05-03.
  18. ^ "Chicago, Mississauga | 302845". Emporis. Retrieved 2022-05-03.[dead link]
  19. ^ "One of the Tallest Buildings in Canada is coming to Mississauga". Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  20. ^ "Avia, Mississauga | 1350824". Emporis. Retrieved 2022-05-03.[dead link]
  21. ^ Drawings of Exchange District Condos 1 - SkyscraperPage.com
  22. ^ "The Library". City of Mississauga. 6 March 2019. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  23. ^ "Y Greater Toronto". YMCA of Greater Toronto. Retrieved January 5, 2021.
  24. ^ "History". livingartscentre.ca. Retrieved December 27, 2020.
  25. ^ "Sheridan College – Hazel McCallion Campus". City of Mississauga. 21 September 2020. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  26. ^ "Hurontario LRT project page". Metrolinx. Retrieved April 3, 2019.