Dixie Station and Transitway
|Locale||Mississauga, Ontario, Canada|
|Transit type||Bus rapid transit|
|Began operation||November 17, 2014 –
November 22, 2017
|System length||18 km (11 mi)|
The Mississauga Transitway is a bus rapid transit (BRT) system in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. It comprises a series of newly-constructed bus-only roadways, as well as reserved lanes on both existing city streets and portions of Highway 403, that together form a continuous 18 km (11 mi) route spanning most of the city from Winston Churchill Boulevard in the west to the junction of Highways 401 and 427 in the east, located within Etobicoke, part of the neighbouring city of Toronto. Service on the Transitway is provided by two agencies, MiWay (formerly Mississauga Transit) and GO Transit.
Originally proposed in the 1970s, the Mississauga Transit plan has evolved over time. In the 1990s, a serious proposal intended to build a "transitway" from Ridgeway Drive at the very western edge of the city; this was eventually revised to its current state, with construction beginning in November 2010. The first stretch of the present Transitway opened between Hurontario Street and Dixie Road on November 17, 2014. Other remaining sections faced delays, and were open in stages until the eastern terminus, Renforth, was opened on November 22, 2017. There are plans to eventually extend Transitway service to a new regional bus terminal at the Kipling subway station in southern Etobicoke.
Design and operation
The plan calls for a dedicated bus-only roadway paralleling Highway 403 from Winston Churchill Boulevard to Erin Mills Parkway, where buses would then use dedicated shoulder lanes on Highway 403 and Centre View Drive to reach MiWay's existing City Centre Transit Terminal on Rathburn road. From just east of Hurontario Street, another dedicated roadway parallels Highway 403 to Cawthra Road and then follows Eastgate Parkway on its south and east side to Eglinton Avenue East, and Eglinton on its north side to just west of Renforth Drive.
Bus services along the Mississauga Transitway operates similarly to that of the Ottawa Transitway (prior to its conversion to light rail), using a mix of express and local routes that call at intermediate stations constructed along the route. Because the Transitway does not directly connect to any major transit hubs other than the City Centre Terminal, all routes that use the Transitway travel in mixed traffic to reach outlying termini.
The Transitway is shared by MiWay standard and articulated buses for intra-city travel, along with GO Transit-operated highway coaches and double-decker buses along inter-city routes. These vehicles travel at a maximum speed of 80 km/h (50 mph) on the dedicated roadway between stations, and at 50 km/h (31 mph) in the vicinity of stations. MiWay buses stop at all transitway stations by request, while GO Transit buses will only stop at certain designated stations.
Funding and construction
The Transitway project, estimated to cost $259 million, is funded as part of the Government of Ontario's MoveOntario 2020 plan, with both the federal and provincial governments contributing up to a total of $173 million. Construction is divided between Metrolinx (via GO Transit) and the City of Mississauga: the former is responsible for the western segment between Winston Churchill and Erin Mills, the portion of the eastern segment between Hurontario and Cawthra along with Renforth Station, while the city is in charge of the rest of the project. Construction on the eastern segment began in November 2010, while Metrolinx launched construction of the western segment in November 2013.
With the opening of the first phase on November 17, 2014, MiWay adjusted three of its routes to use the eastern section of the corridor, with service initially operating Monday to Saturday from 4:30 AM to 10:30 PM. A fourth route, 110 University, began using the Transitway lanes on Highway 403 on September 7, 2015 with the opening of Erin Mills station, which is the only Transitway station served by this route.
On January 8, 2017, with the opening of the new Winston Churchill station, new Sunday service was implemented on 109 Meadowvale Express, expanding service along the full length of the Mississauga Transitway to 7 days a week.
|Route||Service Type||Terminus||Service Span|
|21 Explorer||Local||City Centre Transit Terminal||Renforth||Rush hour|
|87 Meadowvale-Skymark||Local||Meadowvale Town Centre Bus Terminal||Renforth||Rush hour|
|107 Malton Express||Express||City Centre Transit Terminal||Humber College||September–April: Monday–Friday|
|Westwood Mall Bus Terminal||September–April: Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays
May–August: all week
|109 Meadowvale Express||Express||Meadowvale Town Centre Bus Terminal||Islington subway station||All week|
|110 University Express||Express||City Centre Transit Terminal||Clarkson GO Station||All week|
|University of Toronto Mississauga (short turn)||Monday–Friday|
Current GO Transit bus routes that use the Transitway include the following:
|19||Mississauga / North York||Dixie, Renforth|
|25||Waterloo / Mississauga||Erin Mills, Winston Churchill|
|29||Guelph / Mississauga||Erin Mills, Winston Churchill|
|40||Hamilton / Richmond Hill||Dixie, Renforth|
|45/46/47||407 West||Erin Mills|
Access to the stations along the BRT portion of the route is by means of pedestrian walkways, with Kiss & Ride areas and Park & Ride lots at most stations. All stations are wheelchair-accessible (), have heated waiting areas, and loading platforms designed for level boarding, similar to the Züm service operated by Brampton Transit.
The following is a list of stations, from west to east:
|Station||Opening ||GO Transit Stop||Park and Ride||Kiss and Ride||Notes|
|Winston Churchill||January 2, 2017||Yes||300 spaces||Yes|
|Erin Mills||September 7, 2015||Yes||300 spaces||Yes|
|City Centre||November 1997||Yes[a]||200 spaces||Yes|
|Central Parkway||November 17, 2014||No||Yes|
|Tahoe||February 16, 2016||No||No||
|Spectrum||May 1, 2017||No||No|
|Renforth||November 22, 2017||Yes||No|
The Renforth station, located one block west at Commerce Boulevard, is currently planned to feature an indirect multi-modal interchange with a proposed western extension of the TTC's Eglinton Crosstown line that would terminate at the nearby Pearson International Airport. Originally proposed in 2007 under the city of Toronto's Transit City plan, the first phase of the line will open as far as Mount Dennis station at Weston Road in 2021. The Renforth interchange, estimated to be in service by 2023 if financing for the project is secured, would feature a full-service below grade BRT station, but only an at-grade median surface stop for the LRT, requiring transferring passengers to cross Commerce Boulevard and descend a set of stairs to access the BRT.
- Connects to GO Transit at Square One Bus Terminal across the road
- "The Mississauga Transitway". Transit Toronto. 2006-11-10. Retrieved 2008-04-26.
- "Rapid - Mississauga Bus Rapid Transit News" (PDF). 3. Mississauga. Fall 2009. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- Joseph Chin (2010-11-19). "City breaks ground on BRT station". Mississauga News. Retrieved 2014-05-24.
- "Mississauga opens 4 Transitway stations". CBC News. 2014-11-17. Retrieved 2014-11-21.
- Tess Kalinowski (2014-05-06). "Key transit projects facing delays". Torstar Network, via Mississauga News. Retrieved 2014-05-24.
- "Mississauga Transitway Project". GO Transit. Retrieved 2014-05-24.
- Mackenzie, Robert (August 18, 2017). "From Drawing Boards to Reality: More GO Train and Bus Service". Urban Toronto. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
- "Rapid - Mississauga Bus Rapid Transit News" (PDF). 1. Mississauga. Spring 2008. Retrieved 2009-11-08.
- "Mississauga Receives Federal Funding for Bus Rapid Transit Program". City of Mississauga press release. 2007-03-06. Retrieved 2008-04-26.
- Louie Rosella (2013-11-29). "Phase 2 of Mississauga Transitway begins". Mississauga News. Retrieved 2014-05-24.
- MiWay will Service Two New Mississauga Transitway Stations February 16
- Williams, Rachael (16 February 2016). "Two new Transitway stations open today". Mississauga News. Retrieved 2018-01-19.
With new stations located at Tahoe and Etobicoke Creek, Transitway service will now extend from Dixie station to the Mississauga Airport Corporate Centre
- "MiWay will Service Two New Mississauga Transitway Stations May 1". MiWay Blog. City of Mississauga. 2017-04-25. Retrieved 2018-01-19.
- Newport, Ashley (November 21, 2017). "MiWay to Begin Servicing New Station Tomorrow". Insauga. Retrieved November 24, 2017.
- San Grewal (November 2, 2016). "Mississauga fumes over $470 million Toronto LRT funding assumption". Toronto Star. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2009-11-29.
- Official website
- Mississauga Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
- Mississauga MiWay and GO Transit Route and Stations
- BRT Detailed Design Concept Plans
- BRT Detail Design - Winston Churchill to Erin Mills Parkway (DRAFT)
- BRT Detail Design - Hurontario to Cawthra
- BRT Design Plan - Eastgate Pkwy - Cawthra to Fieldgate Section
- BRT Detail Design - Fieldgate to Renforth