Mississaugas of the New Credit First Nation is a Mississauga OjibwaFirst Nation located near Brantford in south-central Ontario, Canada. In May, 2008, New Credit had a registered population of 2,330 (as of April 2015) people, of which their on-Reserve population was 850 people.
Mississaugas of New Credit First Nation reside on the 2,392.6-hectare parcel of New Credit 40A Indian Reserve known as Reserve 40B near Hagersville, Ontario. This Reserve is located near the Six Nations of the Grand River in Brantford. The Mississauga people were forcibly removed from the land they called home, which is present day Toronto. The Six Nations Confederacy offered the Mississaugas 4,800 acres of land inside their own property as a gift of thanks to the Mississaugas for their authorization for the purchase of the land in 1784 that they currently reside on, the Reservation is territory granted to Six Nations as gratitude for allying with Canada in the War of 1812 by the Haldimand Proclamation. The Six Nations is the only reserve in the Canadian system with a subsection reserve. The Mississaugas eventually purchased the land gifted as well as an additional 1,200 acres for a sum of $10,000.00 on June 15, 1903 for the all time right of undisturbed use and occupancy of the land. The reserve as it stands today consists of lots 1 to 12 in the first and second concessions in the Township of Tuscarora, in the County of Brant and lots 1-12 in the first and second concessions in the Township of Oneida. In 1997, New Credit purchased an additional 59 acres bordering on Highway #6, Hagersville.
The First Nation made claims to land on which Toronto, Ontario sits through the Toronto Purchase in 1787. In 2010, the Government of Canada and the Mississaugas came to a settlement which includes the surrender of the Toronto Islands. A settlement was reached after the land the Mississaugas won was designated for a new Airport in the Greater Toronto Area.