Mississippi House of Representatives

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mississippi House of Representatives
Mississippi State Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 7, 2020
Leadership
House Speaker
Philip Gunn (R)
since January 3, 2012
Speaker pro Tempore
Jason White (R)
since January 7, 2020
Structure
Seats122
Mississippi House of Representatives.svg
Political groups
Length of term
4 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Mississippi Constitution
Salary$10,000/year + per diem
Elections
Last election
November 5, 2019
(122 seats)
Next election
November 7, 2023
(122 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
Mississippi State Capitol building in Jackson.jpg
House of Representatives Chamber
Mississippi State Capitol
Jackson, Mississippi
Website
Mississippi State Legislature

The Mississippi House of Representatives is the lower house of the Mississippi Legislature, the lawmaking body of the U.S. state of Mississippi. According to the state constitution of 1890, it is to comprise no more than 122 members elected for four-year terms. To qualify as a member of the House candidates must be at least 21 years old, a resident of Mississippi for at least four years, and a resident in the district in which he or she is running for at least two years. Current state law provides for the maximum number of members. Elections are held the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.

The current membership reflects the balance of power after the 2015 elections, which was the second election since Reconstruction to give a majority of seats to Republicans.[1]

Powers and process[edit]

Article 4, Section 36 of the Mississippi Constitution specifies that the state legislature must meet for 125 days every four years and 90 days in other years. The Mississippi House of Representatives has the authority to determine rules of its own proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and expel a member with a two-thirds vote of its membership.[2] Bills must undergo three readings in each house, unless two-thirds of the house dispenses with the rules.[2] They cannot be amended to a new purpose.[2] Amendments to bills must be approved by both houses.[2]

The governor has the power to veto legislation, but legislators can override the veto with a two-thirds decision.[2]

State representatives are authorized under the Mississippi Constitution to select the Governor of Mississippi if no candidate receives more than 50% of the vote. This has occurred only once, in 1999, when Ronnie Musgrove was selected (Musgrove had the most votes statewide, but fell a fraction of a point shy of a majority).

Salary[edit]

State representatives earn $10,000 per year.[3]

Composition[edit]

The following composition reflects the balance of power after the 2015 elections, which was the second election since Reconstruction to give a majority of seats in the State House to the Republicans.[1] State representatives are elected every four years by the qualified electors of the district for which they are running.[4] Candidates are required to be at least 21 years of age and a resident of the state and district for which they are campaigning.[5]

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Independent Vacant
End of previous legislature (2019) 44 74 2 120 2
Begin 46 75 1 122 0
January 7, 2020[6] 44 75 3 122 0
Latest voting share 36.1% 61.5% 2.5%


Past composition of the House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "GOP takes Miss. House for 1st time in years". Boston.Com. November 14, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e Constitutional Provisions The Legislature And Legislation Rules of Procedure, Mississippi Legislature (accessed May 31, 2013)
  3. ^ Legislative Salaries by State, Empirecenter.org (accessed May 31, 2013)
  4. ^ Article 4, Section 34, Oklahoma Constitution (accessed May 31, 2013)
  5. ^ Article 4, Section 41, Oklahoma Constitution (accessed May 31, 2013)
  6. ^ Harrison, Bobby (January 7, 2020). "Two House Democrats become independents as new four-year term begins". mississippitoday.org. Retrieved January 7, 2020.

External links[edit]