Mississippi Legislature

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Mississippi Legislature
Seal of Mississippi
House of Representatives
Term limits
FoundedOctober 6, 1817
(205 years ago)
Preceded byGeneral Assembly of Mississippi Territory
Delbert Hosemann (R)
since January 9, 2020
Philip Gunn (R)
since January 3, 2012
  • 52 senators
  • 122 representatives
MS Senate Mississippi Nov 2019.svg
Senate political groups
  •   Republican (36)
  •   Democratic (16)
File MS House.svg
House of Representatives political groups
+ $144 per diem[1]
Senate last election
November 5, 2019
November 5, 2019
Senate next election
November 7, 2023
November 7, 2023
RedistrictingLegislative control
Meeting place
Jackson December 2018 02 (Mississippi State Capitol).jpg
Mississippi State Capitol
Jackson, Mississippi
United States
Mississippi Constitution of 1890

The Mississippi Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Mississippi. The bicameral Legislature is composed of the lower Mississippi House of Representatives, with 122 members, and the upper Mississippi State Senate, with 52 members. Both representatives and senators serve four-year terms without term limits. The Legislature convenes at the Mississippi State Capitol in Jackson.


Methodist Meeting House – the first constitutional convention was held at Washington, Mississippi in 1817.

The Mississippi Legislature, originally known as the Mississippi General Assembly, was first constituted in 1817 at the Methodist Meeting House, Washington, Mississippi.[2] Since 1833, the legislature has been known by its present name.[2]

Powers and process[edit]

The Constitution of Mississippi gives the state legislature the authority to determine rules of its own proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior and expel a member with a two-thirds vote of the membership of his or her chamber.[3]

A bill may originate in either house, and be amended or rejected in the other, and must be read by its title on three different days in each house, unless two-thirds of the house dispenses with the rules.[3] The Mississippi Constitution prohibits amending a bill to change its original purpose.[3] Bills amended in the second house, must return for a vote to accept amendments.[3]

The Governor of Mississippi has the power to veto legislation, but legislators can override the veto with a two-thirds decision.


Members of the Mississippi House of Representatives are elected to four-year terms and Mississippi State Senators are also elected to four-year terms.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "2018 Legislator Compensation Information". NCSL.org. National Conference of State Legislators. Retrieved May 14, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Rowland, Dunbar (1908). The Official and Statistical Register of the State of Mississippi. Department of Archives and History. p. 272.
  3. ^ a b c d Constitutional Provisions The Legislature And Legislation Rules of Procedure, Mississippi Legislature (accessed May 27, 2013)
  4. ^ "1798-, Mississippi Council/Senate Journals". llmc.com. Retrieved January 30, 2022.
  5. ^ Mississippi (1980). "Mississippi official and statistical register". Mississippi Official and Statistical Register: 31. ISSN 0196-4755.

External links[edit]