Missouri's 6th congressional district
|Missouri's 6th congressional district|
Missouri's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Missouri's 6th congressional district takes in a large swath of land in northern Missouri, stretching across nearly the entire width of the state from Kansas to Illinois. Its largest voting population is centered in the northern portion of the Kansas City metropolitan area and the town of St. Joseph. The district includes nearly all of Kansas City north of the Missouri River (including Kansas City International Airport).
The district takes in all or parts of the following counties: Adair, Andrew, Atchison, Buchanan, Caldwell, Carroll, Chariton, Clay, Clinton, Daviess, De Kalb, Gentry, Grundy, Harrison, Holt, Jackson, Linn, Livingston, Mercer, Nodaway, Platte, Putnam, Schuyler, Sullivan, Worth.
Notable representatives from the district include governors John Smith Phelps and Austin A. King as well as Kansas City Mayor Robert T. Van Horn. In 1976, Jerry Litton was killed on election night as he flew to a victory party after winning the Democratic nomination for United States Senate. The visitors center at Smithville Lake is named in Litton's memory.
George W. Bush beat John Kerry in this district 57%-43% in 2004. The district is represented by Republican Sam Graves, who has held the seat since 2001. Graves easily held on to his seat what was expected to be a tough 2008 election, defeating former Kansas City mayor Kay Waldo Barnes by 22 percentage points.
Historically, the 6th was not safe for either party. However, in recent years, it has trended Republican, mirroring the increasingly conservative bent of the more rural areas of Missouri that historically voted for Yellow Dog Democrats.
Redistricting following 2010 Census
After Missouri lost a Congressional seat following the 2010 Census (in part because of losses in population in several rural northern Missouri counties), the 6th was expanded to include most of Missouri north of the Missouri River, stretching from border to border from Kansas to Illinois. The biggest geographic addition was in northeast Missouri (including Kirksville, Missouri and Hannibal, Missouri), which used to be the northern half of the old 9th district.
List of representatives
|District created March 4, 1853|
|John S. Phelps||Democratic||March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1863||33rd
|Redistricted from the 5th district|
|Austin A. King||Unionist||March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1865||38th|
|Robert T. Van Horn||Republican||March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1871||39th
|Abram Comingo||Democratic||March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873||42nd||Redistricted to the 8th district|
|Harrison E. Havens||Republican||March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875||43rd||Redistricted from the 4th district|
|Charles H. Morgan||Democratic||March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1879||44th
|James R. Waddill||Democratic||March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1881||46th|
|Ira S. Hazeltine||Greenback||March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883||47th|
|John Cosgrove||Democratic||March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885||48th|
|John T. Heard||Democratic||March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1893||49th
|Redistricted to the 7th district|
|David A. De Armond||Democratic||March 4, 1893 – November 23, 1909||53rd
|Redistricted from the 12th district, Died|
|Vacant||November 23, 1909 – February 1, 1910|
|Clement C. Dickinson||Democratic||February 1, 1910 – March 3, 1921||61st
|William O. Atkeson||Republican||March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923||67th|
|Clement C. Dickinson||Democratic||March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1929||68th
|Thomas J. Halsey||Republican||March 4, 1929 – March 3, 1931||71st|
|Clement C. Dickinson||Democratic||March 4, 1931 – March 3, 1933||72nd||Redistricted to the At-large district|
|March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1935||District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket|
|Reuben T. Wood||Democratic||January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1941||74th
|Redistricted from the At-large district|
|Philip A. Bennett||Republican||January 3, 1941 – December 7, 1942||77th||Died|
|Vacant||December 7, 1942 – January 12, 1943|
|Marion T. Bennett||Republican||January 12, 1943 – January 3, 1949||78th
|George H. Christopher||Democratic||January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1951||81st|
|Orland K. Armstrong||Republican||January 3, 1951 – January 3, 1953||82nd|
|William C. Cole||Republican||January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955||83rd|
|William Raleigh Hull, Jr.||Democratic||January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1973||84th
|Jerry Litton||Democratic||January 3, 1973 – August 3, 1976||93rd
|Died in plane crash after winning Democratic Primary for United States Senate|
|Vacant||August 3, 1976 – November 2, 1976|
|Tom Coleman||Republican||November 2, 1976 – January 3, 1993||94th
|Defeated for Re-election|
|Pat Danner||Democratic||January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2001||103rd
|Sam Graves||Republican||January 3, 2001–present||107th
Election results from presidential races
|Year||Office||Results||Political parties that won the district|
|2000||President||George W. Bush 53 - Al Gore 44%||Republican Party (United States)|
|2004||President||George W. Bush 57 - John Kerry 42%||Republican Party (United States)|
|2008||President||John McCain 54 - Barack Obama 45%||Republican Party (United States)|
|2012||President||Mitt Romney 60 - Barack Obama 38%||Republican Party (United States)|
|2016||President||Donald Trump 63 - Hillary Clinton 32%||Republican Party (United States)|
|Libertarian||Karl H. Wetzel||5,212||2.1%|
|Democratic||Pat Danner (Incumbent)||136,774||70.9%|
|Libertarian||Karl H. Wetzel||4,324||2.2%|
|Republican||Samuel B. Graves, Jr.||138,925||50.9%|
|Republican gain from Democratic||Swing|
|Republican||Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent)||131,151||63.0%|
|Republican||Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent)||196,516||63.83%|
|Democratic||Charles S. Broomfield||106,987||34.75%|
|Republican||Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent)||150,882||61.64%|
|Democratic||Sara Jo Shettles||87,477||35.73%|
|Progressive||Shirley A. Yurkonis||1,679||0.69%|
|Republican||Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent)||196,526||59.4%|
Living former Members
As of March 2019[update], there are two living former members. The most recent representative to die was Marion Tinsley Bennett (served 1943–1949) on September 6, 2000. The most recently serving representative to die was Jerry Litton (served 1973–1976), who died in office on August 3, 1976.
|Representative||Term of office||Date of birth (and age)|
|Earl Thomas Coleman||1976–1993||May 29, 1943|
|Pat Danner||1993–2001||January 13, 1934|
Historical district boundaries
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. Retrieved 2011-03-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- 1996 Election Results
- 1998 Election Results
- 2000 Election Results
- 2002 Election Results
- Official Manual of the State of Missouri, 2005-2006, page 637
- Official Manual of the State of Missouri, 2007-2008, page 649
- 2008 Election Results
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present