Mistress of the Robes

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Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough, Mistress of the Robes to Queen Anne

The Mistress of the Robes is the senior lady in the royal household of the United Kingdom.

United Kingdom[edit]

Tasks[edit]

Formerly responsible for the queen's clothes and jewellery (as the name implies), the post now has the responsibility for arranging the rota of attendance of the ladies-in-waiting on the queen, along with various duties at state ceremonies.

In modern times, the Mistress of the Robes is almost always a duchess.

History[edit]

During the 17th and 18th centuries, this role often overlapped with or was replaced as First Lady of the Bedchamber.

In the past, whenever the queen was a queen regnant rather than a queen consort, the Mistress of the Robes was a political appointment, changing with the government. However, this has not been the case since the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, and Queen Elizabeth II has only had two Mistresses of the Robes in more than sixty years' reign. Queens dowager have their own Mistresses of the Robes, and in the 18th century Princesses of Wales had one too.

Mistress of the Robes to Mary I, 1553–1558[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Elizabeth I, 1558–1603[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Anne of Denmark, 1603–1619[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Henrietta Maria of France, 1625–1669[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Catherine of Braganza, 1662–1692[edit]

  • 1660-1692: Vacant (Replaced by a First Lady of the Bedchamber)

Mistress of the Robes to Mary of Modena, 1673–1688[edit]

  • 1673-1688: Vacant (Replaced by a First Lady of the Bedchamber)

Mistress of the Robes to Mary II of England, 1688–1694[edit]

  • 1688-1694: Lady Elizabeth Butler, Countess of Derby

Mistresses of the Robes to Anne, 1704–1714[edit]

Mistresses of the Robes to Caroline of Ansbach, 1714–1737[edit]

Mistresses of the Robes to Augusta of Saxe-Gotha 1736–1763[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 1761–1818[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Caroline of Brunswick 1795–1820[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, 1830–1837[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Victoria, 1837–1901[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Alexandra of Denmark, 1901–1925[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Mary of Teck, 1910–1953[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, 1937–2002[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Elizabeth II, 1953–present[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b G. A. Bergenroth, P. De Gayangos, and others, Calendar of letters, despatches, and state papers, relating to the negotiations between England and Spain, 13 vols., (1862–1954); M. A. S. Hume, Calendar of letters and state papers, relating to English affairs, preserved in the archives of Simancas, 4 vols., (1892–9)
  2. ^ Carole Levin, Anna Riehl Bertolet: [A Biographical Encyclopedia of Early Modern Englishwomen: Exemplary Lives and Memorable Acts, 1500-1650], New York, 2017
  3. ^ Carole Levin, Anna Riehl Bertolet: [A Biographical Encyclopedia of Early Modern Englishwomen: Exemplary Lives and Memorable Acts, 1500-1650], New York, 2017
  4. ^ Sandy Riley, Charlotte de La Trémoïlle, the Notorious Countess of Derby
  5. ^ Carole Levin, Anna Riehl Bertolet: [A Biographical Encyclopedia of Early Modern Englishwomen: Exemplary Lives and Memorable Acts, 1500-1650], New York, 2017
  6. ^ Cokayne et al., The Complete Peerage, volume VIII, p.496
  7. ^ Cokayne et al., The Complete Peerage, volume I, p.212
  8. ^ Weir, Alison, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy, The Bodley Head, 1999, p.265
  9. ^ Cokayne et al., The Complete Peerage, volume XII/2, p.589
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h Institute of Historical Research
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