Mistress of the Robes

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Sarah, Duchess of Marlborough, Mistress of the Robes to Queen Anne

The Mistress of the Robes is the senior lady in the royal household of the United Kingdom.

United Kingdom[edit]

Tasks[edit]

Formerly (as the name implies) responsible for the queen's clothes and jewelry, the post now has the responsibility for arranging the rota of attendance of the ladies-in-waiting on the queen, along with various duties at state ceremonies.

In modern times, the Mistress of the Robes is almost always a duchess.

History[edit]

During the 17th and 18th centuries role often overlapped with or was retitled as First Lady of the Bedchamber.

In the past, whenever the queen was a queen regnant rather than a queen consort, the Mistress of the Robes was a political appointment, changing with the government. However, this has not been the case since the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, and Queen Elizabeth II has only had two Mistresses of the Robes in more than sixty years' reign. Queens dowager have their own Mistresses of the Robes, and in the 18th century Princesses of Wales had one too.

Mistress of the Robes to Mary I, 1553–1558[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Elizabeth I, 1558–1603[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Anne of Denmark, 1603–1619[edit]

  • 1603–1619: Audrey (Etheldreda), Lady Walsingham

Mistresses of the Robes to Anne, 1704–1714[edit]

Mistresses of the Robes to Caroline of Ansbach, 1714–1737[edit]

Mistresses of the Robes to Augusta of Saxe-Gotha 1736–1763[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 1761–1818[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Caroline of Brunswick 1795–1820[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, 1830–1837[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Victoria, 1837–1901[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Alexandra of Denmark, 1901–1925[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Mary of Teck, 1910–1953[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, 1937–2002[edit]

Mistress of the Robes to Elizabeth II, 1953–present[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b G. A. Bergenroth, P. De Gayangos, and others, Calendar of letters, despatches, and state papers, relating to the negotiations between England and Spain, 13 vols., (1862–1954); M. A. S. Hume, Calendar of letters and state papers, relating to English affairs, preserved in the archives of Simancas, 4 vols., (1892–9)
  2. ^ Cokayne et al., The Complete Peerage, volume VIII, p.496
  3. ^ Cokayne et al., The Complete Peerage, volume I, p.212
  4. ^ Wier, Alison, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy, The Bodley Head, 1999, p.265
  5. ^ Cokayne et al., The Complete Peerage, volume XII/2, p.589
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Institute of Historical Research
  7. ^ The London Gazette, 29 August 1837, p.15
  8. ^ The London Gazette, 10 September 1841, p.1
  9. ^ The London Gazette, 10 July 1846, p.5
  10. ^ The London Gazette, 16 March 1852, p.2
  11. ^ The London Gazette, 18 January 1853, p.5
  12. ^ The London Gazette, 5 March 1858, p.2
  13. ^ The London Gazette, 24 June 1859, p.3
  14. ^ The London Gazette, 26 April 1861, p.2
  15. ^ The London Gazette, 22 December 1868, p.1
  16. ^ The London Gazette, 25 January 1870, p.1
  17. ^ The London Gazette, 3 March 1874, p.6
  18. ^ The London Gazette, 7 May 1880, p.5
  19. ^ The London Gazette, 12 January 1883, p.6
  20. ^ The London Gazette, 27 June 1885, p.6
  21. ^ The London Gazette, 3 September 1886, p.4
  22. ^ The London Gazette, 16 July 1895, p.24
  23. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27292. p. 1648. 8 March 1901.
  24. ^ The London Gazette, 28 October 1913, p.2
  25. ^ The London Gazette, 21 June 1910, p.1
  26. ^ The London Gazette, 14 November 1916, p.1
  27. ^ The London Gazette, 5 March 1937, p.2
  28. ^ The London Gazette, 17 April 1964, p.1
  29. ^ The London Gazette, 20 January 1953, p.1
  30. ^ The London Gazette, 3 January 1967, p.1