Mitakuye Oyasin

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Mitakuye Oyasin (All Are Related) is a phrase from the Lakota language. It reflects the world view of Interconnectedness held by the Lakota people.[1]

The phrase itself, and the underlying belief of interconnectedness with all creation, is a part of many Yankton Sioux prayers,[2] and is found in use among Lakota, Dakota and Nakota people.[3][4]

Translations and themes[edit]

The phrase translates as "all my relatives," "we are all related," or "all my relations." It is a prayer of oneness and harmony with all forms of life: other people, animals, birds, insects, trees and plants, and even rocks, rivers, mountains and valleys.[2]

In 1940, American scholar, Joseph Epes Brown wrote a study of Mitakuye Oyasin and its relevance in the Sioux ideology of "underlying connection" and "oneness," and how the phrase has been misappropriated and misused as a slogan and salutation by those from outside the Lakota, Dakota and Nakota cultures.[4]


  1. ^ François, Damien (2007). The Self-destruction of the West: critical cultural anthropology. Publibook. p. 28. ISBN 2-7483-3797-2. 
  2. ^ a b Maroukis, Thomas Constantine (2005). Peyote and the Yankton Sioux: The Life and Times of Sam Necklace. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 160. ISBN 0-8061-3649-9. 
  3. ^ "US: Indigenous Lakota women face harsh winter wrath under climate change". November 2, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b Lupton, Mary Jane (2004). James Welch: a critical companion. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 23–24. ISBN 0-313-32725-4.