Mithali Raj was born on 3 December 1982 in a Tamil family in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. Mithali Mother tongue is Tamil,Her father, Dorai Raj, was an officer in the Indian Air Force and her mother was Leela Raj. Mithali started to play the game at the age of 10 and at the age of 17, she was picked for the Indian team. Her ODI debut was against Ireland at Milton Keynes in the year 1999. She lives in Hyderabad, Telangana. She attended St. Johns school, Hyderabad for cricket coaching in her school days along with her elder brother, She has practiced classical dance for eight years She quit her dance to pursue her cricket career. She is presently unmarried.
Raj has played both Test and One Day International cricket for India's women's cricket team. She made her One Day International debut in 1999 against Ireland at Milton Keynes and scored 114 runs without getting out in that match. She made her Test debut in the 2001-02 season against South Africa at Lucknow. On 14 August 2002, at the age of 19, in her third Test, she broke Karen Rolton's record of world’s highest individual Test score of 209*, scoring a new high of 214 against England in the second and final Test at County Ground, Taunton. The record has since been surpassed by Kiran Baluch of Pakistan who scored 242 against West Indies in March 2004..
Mithali was taken ill with a strain of typhoid in the CricInfo Women's World Cup in 2002, seriously hampering India's progress. However, she then led them to their first World Cup final in 2005, in South Africa, where they met Australia who proved just too strong. In August 2006, she led the side to their first ever Test and series victory in England and wrapped up the year winning the Asia Cup - the second time in 12 months - without dropping a single game.
She led the Indian team to the finals in the Women's Cricket World Cup of 2005 where the team lost to Australia. She is a part-time leg break bowler as well. She is a recipient of the Arjuna award for the year 2003. She currently tops the batting table with 703 ratings points. Her composure when at the crease and ability to score briskly make her a dangerous cricketer. In addition to her ability with the bat, Mithali rolls her arm over bowling leg-spinners and providing variety to the attack.
At the 2013 Women's World Cup, Mithali Raj starred as the No.1 Cricketer in the ODI chart among women. She scored 100s: 1 and 50s: 4 in Test cricket, 100s: 5 and 50s: 36 with best bowling of 3/4 in ODI's and 50s: 7 in T20's.
Raj is the second person to achieve 5000 runs in ODI women cricket.
Mithali Raj held the record for the highest individual score by an Indian Woman Cricketer in a World Cup match (91 notout of 104 deliveries which included 9 fours) against New Zealand in Women's World Cup 2005.Harmanpreet Kaur overtook Mithali Raj by scoring a century 107 from 109 balls in second match of ICC Women's World Cup 2013 against England.