Mithila, India

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Proposed state
Location of Mithila
Country India
Region Northern India
Proposed capitals Muzaffarpur, Darbhanga, Purnia, Begusarai, Madhubani
Proposed Divisions
Language Maithili, Hindi

Mithila (Hindi/Urdu: मिथिला متھلا, mithilā Tirhuta: মিথিলা) is a proposed state in India, comprising the Maithili speaking region of Northern and Eastern Bihar. It is part of the historical Mithila region.[1] The proposed state will also include some Angika and Bajjika speaking districts which are considered by some to be dialects of Maithili.[2] What will be the capital city of Mithila, India is still to be decided. Muzaffarpur , the largest cultural hub of this region may be designated as Capital. Darbhanga , Purnia and Begusarai are also strong contenders of being Capital city.

There was also a movement in the Maithili speaking areas of Nepal for a separate state which ended in 2015 after Constitution of Nepal 2015 ensured it in form of province two.[3]


Dr Laksman Jha demanded a Mithila state shortly after independence and the former Chief Minister of Bihar, Jagannath Mishra has also expressed support for the creation of the state.[4]

Various organisations have been formed that demand the formation of a state including the Maithil Mahasabha and the Mithilanchal Vikash Congress the former received support from Raj Darbhanga.[5] Various demonstrations have taken place demanding a Mithila state with a major protest taking place in Delhi in 2009 organised by the Akhil Bharatiya Mithila Rajya Sangharsh Samiti.[6]


On 18 August 2008 the Kosi embankment burst at Kusha in Nepal, near the border with India. The Kosi river inundated areas of Mithila that hadn't experienced floods in many decades.[7][8] 250 people died and 3 million people were forced from their homes.[9] More than 300,000 houses were destroyed and at least 340,000 hectares (840,000 acres) of crops were damaged.[9] Villagers in Mithila ate raw rice and flour mixed with polluted water. Hunger and disease were widespread. The Supaul district was the worst-hit; surging waters swamped 1,000 square kilometres (247,000 acres) of farmlands, destroying crops.[10]

Proposed Districts[edit]

Political support[edit]

Bharatiya Janata Party[edit]

Janata Dal (United)[edit]

  • In November 2011, Bihar Chief Minister Nitish Kumar also extended his support for the statehood of Mithila.[14][15]
  • Shravan Chaudhary, JDU state president, has openly supported the demand for the statehood of Mithila.[16]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Small States Syndrome in India". p. 146. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  2. ^ L. P. Vidyarthi. "Development of Researches in Anthropology in India: A Case Study of Bihar". Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "Nationalism and Ethnicity in a Hindu Kingdom: The Politics and Culture of contemporary Nepal". p. 251. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  4. ^ "Small States Syndrome in India". p. 146. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  5. ^ "Small States Syndrome in India". pp. 148–152. Retrieved 16 February 2017. 
  6. ^
  7. ^ "A Dalit watch report on the flood camps in Bihar" (PDF). 22 June 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 January 2009. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Half of Bihar under water, 30 lakh suffer;". CNN IBN. 9 January 2008. Archived from the original on 3 September 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2008. 
  9. ^ a b Michael Coggan in New Delhi (29 August 2008). "Death toll rises from Indian floods". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  10. ^ Kataria, Sunil (30 August 2008). "Bihar villagers desperate as floods spread". Reuters. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  11. ^ "Demand for Mithila state gains momentum, politicians join demonstration at Jantar Mantar". 2 August 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ "article". Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  15. ^ "राज्य पुनर्गठन : व्यापक हो नजरिया « संपादकीय ब्लॉग". Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  16. ^ "जेडी(यू) ने पृथक मिथिला राज्य की मांग का समर्थन किया- Navbharat Times". Navbharat Times. 22 January 2008. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 

External links[edit]