Mithila, Nepal

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This article is about the region in Nepal. For the ancient region, see History of Mithila. For the proposed state in India, see Mithila, India.

Mithila (Nepali: मिथिला राज्य; Maithili : মিথিলা রাজ্য ) is a proposed state of Nepal located in Madhesh belt or eastern Terai plains. It is the Maithili-speaking area of Nepal including 13 district of Nepal bordering from current Parsa to Jhapa District of Nepal.[1]

The people here share cultural and marriage ties with Mithila, India[2] and there is an ongoing movement for a "Free Mithila state" which wants secession from Nepal to rejoin fellow Maithils in India.[3]


The region is surrounded by:[4]

The region contains a total of 948 VDCs (Village Development Committees), including 14 municipalities. The province covers about 14,058.7 km2 (5,428.1 sq mi). of Nepal's total area of 147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi). with an estimated 6.65 million inhabitants, it is by far the most populous of the new proposed provinces.[5]


Janakpurdham lies 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of the East-West Highway.[6] At its eastern end this road joins an Tribhuvan Highway that connects it to Kathmandu, the capital city of the country and Pokhara.[7] At its western end it enters the Lumbini state of the country which further links to Nepalgunj and Birgunj, the industrial states of Nepal.[6] The Mahendra (East-West) Highway is the longest in the country, at 1,000 kilometres (620 mi).[6] The Tribhuvan Highway does not cross as much of the Mithila region of Nepal as the Mahendra Highway, but it is equally important as it connects the Mithila region to Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, on one side and to the Indian State of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh on the other side.[8]


Main article: Nepal Railways

A few other railway projects are under progress in the Mithila region of Nepal. All these projects are of Nepal Railways. Government of Nepal has proposed Janakpur as a Main Station for 1024 km east-west Metro Railway project and further be extended to India and China for connecting Nepal Railways with Indian Railways and China Railways for business and tourism promotion.[9]

  • Janakpur (Nepal) to Lhasa (China) (Part of Kathmandu-Beijing/Nepal-China Metro Railways)
  • Bardibas, Janakpur (Nepal) to Jainagar, Bihar (India) (Part of Kathmandu-Patna/Nepal-India Railways)
  • Janakpur (Nepal) to Kathmandu (Nepal) (part of East-West 1024 km Nepal Railway and Capital City Corridor)
  • Janakpur (Nepal) to Biratnagar (Nepal) (Part of East-West Railway and Mithila Corridor)
  • Janakpur (Nepal) to Nepalgunj Nepal) (Part of East-west Railway and Industrial Corridor)
  • Janakpur (Nepal) to Birgunj (Nepal) (Part of East-west Railway and Industrial Corridor)


Mithila region has 3 airports:

Notable people from Mithila region[edit]

The following are notable residents (past and present) of Mithila (Nepal).

See also[edit]


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Nepal-India border relations". pp. 9–37. Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ Federalism dialogues, series-3 (2011). Mithila (PDF). Kathmandu: CCD-2011. pp. iii. 
  5. ^ Center for constitutional dialogue, Series 3 (2011). Mithila-Bhojpur-Koch-Madhes (PDF). Kathmandu: CCD-2011. p. 14. 
  6. ^ a b c David Reed, James McConnachie. The rough guide to Nepal. Nepalganj p. 361, Mahendranagar p. 374, Janakpur p. 388, Kankarbhitta p. 400, Itahar p. 442. Google book. Retrieved 2010-05-18.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "reed" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "reed" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  7. ^ Woodhatch, Tom. Nepal handbook. Western Nepal p. 29, Junctions p. 44, Length p. 238, Overview p. 373, Nepalganj p. 394 -398, Terai east of Sapt Kosi p. 401, Janakpur p. 436, Eastern Nepal p. 450,. Google books. Retrieved 2012-05-09. 
  8. ^ Highways in Nepal
  9. ^ Nepal,India agree on five rail projects
  10. ^ Ram Baran Yadav
  11. ^ "Nepal parliament elects new PM". AFP via Google News. 
  12. ^ "Nepal PM quits in live TV address". BBC News. 30 June 2010. 
  13. ^ Madhav Kumar Nepal