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Mithila (Nepali: मिथिला राज्य; Maithili : মিথিলা রাজ্য ) is a proposed state of Nepal located in Madhesh belt or eastern Terai plains. It is the Maithili-speaking area of Nepal including 13 district of Nepal bordering from current Parsa to Jhapa District of Nepal.
The people here share cultural and marriage ties with Mithila, India and there is an ongoing movement for a "Free Mithila state" which wants secession from Nepal to rejoin fellow Maithils in India.
The region is surrounded by:
- The foot of the Himalaya Mountains to the North.
- The international border with India to the South.
- The East Champaran of India to the West.
- The Kishanganj district and Darjeeling district of India to the east.
The region contains a total of 948 VDCs (Village Development Committees), including 14 municipalities. The province covers about 14,058.7 km2 (5,428.1 sq mi). of Nepal's total area of 147,181 km2 (56,827 sq mi). with an estimated 6.65 million inhabitants, it is by far the most populous of the new proposed provinces.
Janakpurdham lies 25 kilometres (16 mi) south of the East-West Highway. At its eastern end this road joins an Tribhuvan Highway that connects it to Kathmandu, the capital city of the country and Pokhara. At its western end it enters the Lumbini state of the country which further links to Nepalgunj and Birgunj, the industrial states of Nepal. The Mahendra (East-West) Highway is the longest in the country, at 1,000 kilometres (620 mi). The Tribhuvan Highway does not cross as much of the Mithila region of Nepal as the Mahendra Highway, but it is equally important as it connects the Mithila region to Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, on one side and to the Indian State of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh on the other side.
A few other railway projects are under progress in the Mithila region of Nepal. All these projects are of Nepal Railways. Government of Nepal has proposed Janakpur as a Main Station for 1024 km east-west Metro Railway project and further be extended to India and China for connecting Nepal Railways with Indian Railways and China Railways for business and tourism promotion.
- Janakpur (Nepal) to Lhasa (China) (Part of Kathmandu-Beijing/Nepal-China Metro Railways)
- Bardibas, Janakpur (Nepal) to Jainagar, Bihar (India) (Part of Kathmandu-Patna/Nepal-India Railways)
- Janakpur (Nepal) to Kathmandu (Nepal) (part of East-West 1024 km Nepal Railway and Capital City Corridor)
- Janakpur (Nepal) to Biratnagar (Nepal) (Part of East-West Railway and Mithila Corridor)
- Janakpur (Nepal) to Nepalgunj Nepal) (Part of East-west Railway and Industrial Corridor)
- Janakpur (Nepal) to Birgunj (Nepal) (Part of East-west Railway and Industrial Corridor)
Mithila region has 3 airports:
- Rajbiraj Airport, in Rajbiraj
- Janakpur Airport (Mithila Airport) in Janakpur.
- Simara Airport in Pipara Simara close to Birganj.
- Nijgadh International Airport in Bara district.
Notable people from Mithila region
The following are notable residents (past and present) of Mithila (Nepal).
- Dr. Ram Baran Yadav, (The first President of Nepal) was born in Dhanusa District of Mithila region in Nepal. He is the current President of Nepal. He was elected in July 2008 and is the country's first President. He previously served as Minister of Health and as General Secretary of the Nepali Congress party.
- Parmanand Jha was born in the Darbhanga District of Mithila region of India but settled in Nepal. He is the current Vice President of Nepal and a former Supreme Court judge.
- Madhav Kumar Nepal, was born in the Saptari District of Mithila region of Nepal. He is a Nepali politician who was Prime Minister of Nepal from 25 May 2009 until 6 February 2011. Nepal announced his resignation as Prime Minister on 30 June 2010. He was previously the General Secretary of Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) for 15 years.
- "Nepal-India border relations". pp. 9–37. Retrieved 17 January 2017.
- Federalism dialogues, series-3 (2011). Mithila (PDF). Kathmandu: CCD-2011. pp. iii.
- Center for constitutional dialogue, Series 3 (2011). Mithila-Bhojpur-Koch-Madhes (PDF). Kathmandu: CCD-2011. p. 14.
- David Reed, James McConnachie. The rough guide to Nepal. Nepalganj p. 361, Mahendranagar p. 374, Janakpur p. 388, Kankarbhitta p. 400, Itahar p. 442. Google book. Retrieved 2010-05-18. Cite error: Invalid
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- Woodhatch, Tom. Nepal handbook. Western Nepal p. 29, Junctions p. 44, Length p. 238, Overview p. 373, Nepalganj p. 394 -398, Terai east of Sapt Kosi p. 401, Janakpur p. 436, Eastern Nepal p. 450,. Google books. Retrieved 2012-05-09.
- Highways in Nepal
- Nepal,India agree on five rail projects
- Ram Baran Yadav
- "Nepal parliament elects new PM". AFP via Google News.
- "Nepal PM quits in live TV address". BBC News. 30 June 2010.
- Madhav Kumar Nepal