City skyline over ume of Kairaku-en
Location of Mito in Ibaraki Prefecture
|• Total||217.32 km2 (83.91 sq mi)|
|Population (September 2015)|
|• Density||1,250/km2 (3,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||Prunus mume|
|- Flower||Bush clover (hagi)|
|- Bird||White wagtail|
|Address||1-4-1 Chūō, Mito-shi, Ibaraki-ken 310−8610|
Mito (水戸市 Mito-shi?) is the capital city of Ibaraki Prefecture, in the northern Kantō region of Japan. As of September 2015, the city has an estimated population of 270,953 and a population density of 1250 persons per km². Its total area is 217.32 km².
The Yamato people settled in Mito around the 4th century CE. Around the end of the Heian period, Baba Sukemoto, a warlord of the Heike clan, moved to Mito and built a castle there. Mito Castle changed hands several times after that: a daimyo named Satake Yoshinobu won it in the mid-16th century, but he was forced to surrender it to Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1603 after the epic Battle of Sekigahara. Ieyasu's son Tokugawa Yorifusa then was Mito Castle, becoming head of one of the three "gosanke" branches of the clan qualified to provide a new shogun should the main family line fail. During this period, Mito was the seat of the so-called Mito School, a congregation of nativist scholars of Confucian persuasion led by Aizawa Seishisai, who during the 18th and 19th centuries advocated Western learning as a means not only to further Japanese technological development and international strength, but as means to prove Japanese uniqueness and superiority among nations. The Kōdōkan was the largest of the han schools. The capital of Edo was directly connected to Mito by the Mito Kaidō. The Tokugawa ruled Mito until the Meiji restoration.
The modern city of Mito was formed on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the municipalities system. It was one of the first 31 cities in Japan. With a population of 25,000, it was designated as the prefectural capital. By 1900, the Joban Line connected Mito to Tokyo, and by 1910, telephones and electric lighting were available throughout the city. More than three-quarters of the city was burned to the ground during the Mito air raid of August 2, 1945, just before the end of World War II.
The borders of Mito expanded in 1955-1958 through the annexation of the neighboring villages of Kamiono, Watari, Yoshida, Sakedo, Kawawada, Yanagawa, Kunita and Iitomi and Akatsuka. The village of Tsunezumi was annexed in 1992. In 2001, Mito was designated a special city with increased local autonomy. The neighboring town of Uchihara was annexed in 2005. The city suffered from severe damage in the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami with 25,982 houses completely or partially destroyed; however, there were only two fatalities.
Mito is located in central Ibaraki Prefecture.
|Climate data for Mito, Ibaraki|
|Average high °C (°F)||8.8
|Daily mean °C (°F)||2.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−3.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||44.3
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||5
|Average relative humidity (%)||65||66||67||72||76||82||85||83||83||80||76||71||75.5|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||180.5||155.5||172.5||160.2||181.7||121.5||129.9||171.8||112.6||132.9||141.8||169.5||1,830.4|
|Source: NOAA (1961-1990)|
Mito is primarily a regional commercial center and administrative city as most industry in Ibaraki is concentrated around the nearby cities of Tsukuba or Hitachi. Mito has a modest but thriving tourism industry, centered on the Kairaku-en gardens and local museums dedicated to the Tokugawa family.
- Ibaraki University
- Tokiwa University
- Tokiwa Junior College
- Mito has 34 elementary schools, 17 public and one private middle schools, and seven public and seven private high schools, in addition to eight special education schools.
- Ibaraki Korean Primary, Middle and High School, a North Korean school, is in the city.
- JR East – Mito Line / Jōban Line
- JR East – Suigun Line
- Kashima Rinkai Railway Ōarai Kashima Line
- Jōban Expressway – Mito IC
- Kita-Kantō Expressway – Mito IC
- Higashi-Mito Road – Mito-Oarai IC
- Japan National Route 6
- Japan National Route 50
- Japan National Route 51
- Japan National Route 118
- Japan National Route 123
- Japan National Route 124
- Japan National Route 245
- Japan National Route 349
- Japan National Route 400
- Ibaraki Shimbun
- Ibaraki Broadcast System
- Mito is the site of the Japanese garden Kairaku-en which is counted as one of the Three Great Gardens of Japan. Constructed by Tokugawa Nariaki in 1842, the park is known nationwide for its ume trees. Many people come to the park in spring to view the blossoms, particularly during the Ume Festival. In summer, Mito also holds the Mito Koumon Festival.
- Art Tower Mito
- Ibaraki Museum of Modern Art
- Ibaraki Prefectural Museum of History
- Kōdōkan School
- Lake Senba
- Mito Castle
- Mito Municipal Botanical Park
- The Tokugawa Museum
- Tokiwa Jinja
Sister city relations
- - Anaheim, California, California, United States, since December 21, 1976
- - Chongqing, China, friendship city since June 6, 2000
- – Tsuruga, Fukui, Japan, since October 10, 1964.
- Yokoyama Taikan, artist
- Nakamura Tsune, artist
- Stomu Takeishi, musician
- Aritomo Gotō, IJN admiral
- Takeo Kurita, IJN admiral
- Kinji Fukasaku, movie director
- Takashi Koizumi, movie director
- Yutaka Nakajima, actor
- Hiroyuki Watanabe, actor
- Mika Katsumura, actress
- Shin’ichirō Ikebe, musician
- Mayumi Gojo, singer
- Nobuo Tobita, voice actor
- Megumi Nakajima, voice actress
- Mitoizumi Masayuki, sumo wrestler
- Musōyama Masashi, sumo wrestler
- Miyabiyama Tetsushi, sumo wrestler
- Takashi Yagihashi, chef
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mito, Ibaraki.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Mito.|