Mitra (gastropod)

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A drawing of a live individual of Mitra mitra showing its long proboscis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Muricoidea
Family: Mitridae
Genus: Mitra
Lamarck, 1798

See text.

  • Chrysame H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
  • Mitra (Chrysame) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853
  • Mitra (Dibaphus) Philippi, 1847
  • Mitra (Fusimitra) Conrad, 1855
  • Mitra (Mitra) Lamarck, 1798
  • Mitra (Nebularia) Swainson, 1840
  • Mitra (Sohlia) Cernohorsky, 1970
  • Mitra (Strigatella) Swainson, 1840
  • Nebularia Swainson, 1840
  • Strigatella Swainson, 1840
  • Vicimitra Iredale, 1929

Mitra is a large genus of medium to large predatory sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Mitridae, the miter shells or miter snails. [1]

This genus is named after the ecclesiastical headgear, the miter, because of the shells' general shape.

These sea snails create shells that are considered attractive by shell collectors; the shells are solid, high-spired and are often colorful.


According to the World Register of Marine Species, the following species with accepted names are included within the genus Mitra:[2]

Subgenus Dibaphimitra Cernohorsky, 1970
Subgenus Dibaphus Philippi, 1847
Subgenus Fusimitra Conrad, 1855
Subgenus Mitra Lamarck, 1798
Subgenus Nebularia Swainson, 1840
Subgenus Sohlia Cernohorsky, 1970
Subgenus Strigatella Swainson, 1840

Species in this genus also include:[6][7]

The Indo-Pacific Molluscan Database also includes the following species with names in current use :[8]

Subgenus Mitra
Subgenus Nebularia



  1. ^ Rosenberg, G.; Gofas, S. (2014). Mitra Lamarck, 1798. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2014-11-09
  2. ^ WoRMS : Mitra
  3. ^ Malacolog : Mitra lenhilli
  4. ^ Malacolog : Mitra leonardi
  5. ^ Huang, S.-I. (2011). "Calcimitra, a new genus of deep-water Mitridae (Gastropoda: Mitridae) with the description of five new species from Taiwan and the Philippines". Visaya. 3 (4): 88–97. 
  6. ^ "Mitra". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. 
  7. ^ Powell A. W. B., New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
  8. ^ OBIS : Mitra

External links[edit]