Mitropa Cup

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Mitropa Cup
Sport Football
Founded 1927
Ceased 1992
No. of teams Various
Countries Central European teams
Last
champion(s)
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Borac Banja Luka (1st title)
Most titles Hungary Vasas (6 titles)

The Mitropa Cup, officially called the La Coupe de l'Europe Centrale or Central European Cup, was one of the first international major European football cups for club sides. After World War II in 1951 a replacement tournament named Zentropa Cup was held, but just for one season, the Mitropa Cup name was revived, and again in 1958 the name of tournament changed in Danube Cup but only for one season. The tournament declined and was discontinued after 1992.

Mitropa Cup had 51 editions in history, including a different format edition held in 1960 and won by Hungary.

The most successful club is Vasas with 6 titles.

History[edit]

Nations which participated in the Mitropa Cup (1927–1940)

A first "International" competition for football clubs was founded in 1897 in Vienna. The Challenge Cup was invented by John Gramlick Sr., a co-founder of the Vienna Cricket and Football-Club. In this cup competition all clubs of the Austro-Hungarian Empire that normally would not meet could take part, though actually almost only clubs from the Empire's three major cities Vienna, Budapest and Prague participated. The Challenge Cup was carried out until the year 1911 and is today seen as the predecessor to the Mitropa Cup and consequently the European Cup and Champions League. The last winner of the cup was Wiener Sport-Club, one of the oldest and most traditional football clubs of Austria where the cup still remains.

The idea of a European cup competition was shaped after World War I which brought the defeat and collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The centre of this idea were the Central European countries that, at this time, were still leading in continental football. In the early 1920s they introduced professional leagues, the first continental countries to do so. Austria started in 1924, followed by Hungary in 1925 and Czechoslovakia in 1926. In order to strengthen the dominance of these countries in European football and to financially support the professional clubs, the introduction of the Mitropa Cup was decided at a meeting in Venice on 17 July, following the initiative of the head of the Austrian Football Association (ÖFB), Hugo Meisl.[1][2][3] Moreover, the creation of a European Cup for national teams - that unlike the Challenge Cup and the Mitropa Cup would not be annual - was also part of the agreement. The first matches were played on 14 August 1927. The competition was between the top professional teams of Central Europe.

The president and the captain of Bologna, Renato Dall'Ara (left) and Mirko Pavinato (right), with the trophy of the 1961 season.

Initially two teams each from Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia entered, competing in a knock-out competition. The countries involved could either send their respective league winners and runners-up, or league winners and cup winners to take part. The first winners were the Czech side, AC Sparta Prague. In 1929 Italian teams replaced the Yugoslavian ones. The competition was expanded to four teams from each of the competing countries in 1934. Other countries were invited to participate - Switzerland in 1936, and Romania, Switzerland and Yugoslavia in 1937. Austria was withdrawn from the competition following the Anschluss in 1938. In 1939, prior to the start of WW II, the cup involved only eight teams (two each from Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Italy and one each from Romania and Yugoslavia). The level of the competing nations is clearly shown by Italy's two World Cup titles (1934 & 1938), Czechoslovakia's (1934) and Hungary's (1938) World Cup final, and Austria's (1934) and Yugoslavia's (1930) semi-finals. Out of the eleven different teams competing in the first three World Cups, five were part of the Mitropa Cup.

A tournament was started in 1940, but abandoned before the final match due to World War II. Again, only eight teams competed, three each from Hungary and Yugoslavia and two from Romania. Hungarian Ferencváros and Romanian Rapid (which had won on lots after three draws) qualified for the final, but did not meet because the northern part of Transylvania (lost shortly after World War I) was ceded back to Hungary from Romania. After World War II, the cup was resumed in 1951, initially as Zentropa Cup. The Cup, once again named Mitropa Cup, lost much of its status because of the introduction of other European Club Competitions, and faced an ongoing decline. By the 1980s it was competed between the second division champions of the participating countries. It was last played in 1992, and won by Yugoslav side Borac Banja Luka in front of fewer than a thousand spectators.

Mitropa Cup Finals[edit]

List of Mitropa Cup finals
Season Nation Winners Score Runners-up Nation Venue Attendance
1927  Czechoslovakia Sparta Prague 6–2 Rapid Wien  Austria Stadion Letná, Prague 25,000
 Czechoslovakia Sparta Prague 1–2 Rapid Wien  Austria Hohe Warte Stadium, Vienna 40,000
1928  Hungary Ferencváros 7–1 Rapid Wien  Austria Üllői úti stadion, Budapest 25,000
 Hungary Ferencváros 3–5 Rapid Wien  Austria Hohe Warte Stadium, Vienna 20,000
1929  Hungary Újpest 5–1 Slavia Prague  Czechoslovakia Hungária körút stadion, Budapest 19,000
 Hungary Újpest 2–2 Slavia Prague  Czechoslovakia Stadion Letná, Prague 22,000
1930  Austria Rapid Wien 2–0 Sparta Prague  Czechoslovakia Stadion Letná, Prague 25,000
 Austria Rapid Wien 2–3 Sparta Prague  Czechoslovakia Hohe Warte Stadium, Vienna 40,000
1931  Austria First Vienna 3–2 Wiener AC  Austria Hardturm, Zürich 20,000
 Austria First Vienna 2–1 Wiener AC  Austria Hohe Warte Stadium, Vienna 25,000
1932  Italy Bologna The final was scratched and Bologna were awarded the cup after Slavia Prague and Juventus were both ejected from the competition.
1933  Austria Austria Wien 1–2 Ambrosiana-Inter  Italy Arena Civica, Milan 35,000
 Austria Austria Wien 3–1 Ambrosiana-Inter  Italy Praterstadion, Vienna 58,000
1934  Italy Bologna 2–3 Admira Wien  Austria Praterstadion, Vienna 50,000
 Italy Bologna 5–1 Admira Wien  Austria Stadio Littoriale, Bologna 25,000
1935  Czechoslovakia Sparta Prague 1–2 Ferencváros  Hungary Üllői úti stadion, Budapest 34,000
 Czechoslovakia Sparta Prague 3–0 Ferencváros  Hungary Strahov Stadium, Prague 56,000
1936  Austria Austria Wien 0–0 Sparta Prague  Czechoslovakia Praterstadion, Vienna 41,600
 Austria Austria Wien 1–0 Sparta Prague  Czechoslovakia Strahov Stadium, Prague 58,000
1937  Hungary Ferencváros 4–2 Lazio  Italy Üllői úti stadion, Budapest 32,000
 Hungary Ferencváros 5–4 Lazio  Italy Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome 35,000
1938  Czechoslovakia Slavia Prague 2–2 Ferencváros  Hungary Strahov Stadium, Prague 45,000
 Czechoslovakia Slavia Prague 2–0 Ferencváros  Hungary Üllői úti stadion, Budapest 35,000
1939  Hungary Újpest 4–1 Ferencváros  Hungary Üllői úti stadion, Budapest 12,000
 Hungary Újpest 2–2 Ferencváros  Hungary Megyeri úti stadion, Budapest 15,000
1940 The final between Rapid București and Ferencváros was scheduled to take place in July 1940. However, due to the events of World War II it was cancelled.
1941–50
The competition not held.
1951  Austria Rapid Wien 3–2 Admira Wien  Austria Praterstadion, Vienna 9,000
1952–54
The competition not held.
1955  Hungary Vörös Lobogó 6–0 ÚDA Prague  Czechoslovakia Népstadion, Budapest 70,000
 Hungary Vörös Lobogó 2–1 ÚDA Prague  Czechoslovakia Strahov Stadium, Prague 50,000
1956  Hungary Vasas 3–3 Rapid Wien  Austria Praterstadion, Vienna 52,000
 Hungary Vasas 1–1 Rapid Wien  Austria Népstadion, Budapest 100,000
1957  Hungary Vasas 4–0 Vojvodina  Yugoslavia Népstadion, Budapest
 Hungary Vasas 1–2 Vojvodina  Yugoslavia Karađorđe Stadium, Novi Sad
1958  Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 4–1 Rudá Hvězda Brno  Czechoslovakia JNA Stadium, Belgrade 22,000
 Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 3–2 Rudá Hvězda Brno  Czechoslovakia Stadion Za Lužánkami, Brno 13,000
1959  Hungary Honvéd 4–3 MTK  Hungary
 Hungary Honvéd 2–2 MTK  Hungary
1960 It was contested as a competition between countries and there was no elimination. The five competing countries each sent six teams each to the competition, which was won by Hungary.
Year Winners Score Runners-up Attendance
1961 Italy Bologna 5–2 Agg. Czechoslovakia Slovan Nitra
1962 Hungary Vasas 6–3 Agg. Italy Bologna
1963 Hungary MTK Budapest 3–2 Agg. Hungary Vasas
1964 Czechoslovakia Sparta Prague 2–0 Agg. Czechoslovakia Slovan Bratislava
1965 Hungary Vasas 1–0 Italy Fiorentina
1966 Italy Fiorentina 1–0 Czechoslovakia Jednota Trenčín
1967 Czechoslovakia Spartak Trnava 5–4 Agg. Hungary Újpesti Dózsa
1968 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 4–2 Agg. Czechoslovakia Spartak Trnava
1969 Czechoslovakia Inter Bratislava 4–1 Agg. Czechoslovakia Sklo Union Teplice
1970 Hungary Vasas 5–3 Agg. Czechoslovakia Inter Bratislava
1971 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Čelik Zenica 3–1 Austria Austria Salzburg
1972 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Čelik Zenica 1–0 Agg. Italy Fiorentina
1973 Hungary Tatabányai Bányász 4–2 Agg. Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Čelik Zenica
1974 Hungary Tatabányai Bányász 5–2 Agg. Czechoslovakia ZVL Zilina
1975 Austria Wacker Innsbruck 5–2 Agg. Hungary Honvéd
1976 Austria Wacker Innsbruck 6–2 Agg. Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Velež Mostar
1977 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Vojvodina RR Hungary Vasas
1978 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Partizan 1–0 Hungary Honvéd
1979
Tournament not played
1980 Italy Udinese RR Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Čelik Zenica
1981 Czechoslovakia Tatran Prešov RR Hungary Csepel SC
1982 Italy Milan RR Czechoslovakia TJ Vítkovice
1983 Hungary Vasas RR Czechoslovakia ZVL Zilina
1984 Austria SC Eisenstadt RR Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Prishtina
1985 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Iskra Bugojno RR Italy Atalanta
1986 Italy Pisa 2–0 Hungary Debrecen 10,870
1987 Italy Ascoli 1–0 Czechoslovakia Bohemians Prague 4,500
1988 Italy Pisa 3–0 Hungary Váci Izzó
1989 Czechoslovakia Baník Ostrava 4–2 Agg. Italy Bologna
1990 Italy Bari 1–0 Italy Genoa 3,600
1991 Italy Torino 2–1 (a.e.t) Italy Pisa 3,000
1992 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Borac Banja Luka 1–1 (a.e.t) 5–3 (p) Hungary BVSC 1,000

Notes:

1 The final was scratched and Bologna were awarded the cup after Slavia Prague and Juventus were both ejected from the competition.
2 The final between Rapid București and Ferencváros was scheduled to take place in July 1940. However due to the events of World War II it was cancelled.
3 Tournament played as Zentropa Cup.
4 Tournament played as Donaupokal (Danube Cup).
5 Results of 6 clubs from 5 countries were added on a national basis.

Mitropa Super Cup Final[edit]

Year Winners Score Runners-up
1989 1 Czechoslovakia Baník Ostrava 3–0 / 1–3 (a.e.t) Italy Pisa

1 Additionally a Mitropa Super Cup was contested in 1989 between the winners of 1988 Mitropa Cup and 1989 Mitropa Cup. [4]

Performances[edit]

[citation needed]

The tournaments played as Zentropa Cup and Danube Cup are also included.
The 1960 edition is not included in the list because was not won by a club, it was won by a nation.

By club[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning Seasons Runners-up Seasons
Hungary Vasas
6
2
1956, 1957, 1962, 1965, 1970, 1983 1963, 1977
Italy Bologna
3
2
1932, 1934, 1961 1962, 1989
Czechoslovakia Sparta Prague
3
2
1927, 1935, 1964 1930, 1936
Hungary Ferencváros
2
4 1
1928, 1937 1935, 1938, 1939, 1940
Austria Rapid Wien
2
3
1930, 1951 1927, 1928, 1956
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Čelik Zenica
2
2
1971, 1972 1973, 1980
Hungary MTK Budapest 2
2
1
1955, 1963 1959
Hungary Újpest
2
1
1929, 1939 1967
Italy Pisa
2
1
1986, 1988 1991
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade
2
1958, 1968
Austria Austria Wien
2
1933, 1936
Austria Wacker Innsbruck
2
1975, 1976
Hungary Tatabányai Bányász
2
1973, 1974
Hungary Budapest Honvéd
1
2
1959 1975, 1978
Italy Fiorentina
1
2
1966 1965, 1972
Czechoslovakia Spartak Trnava
1
2
1967 1958, 1968
Czechoslovakia Inter Bratislava
1
1
1969 1970
Czechoslovakia Slavia Prague
1
1
1938 1929
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Vojvodina
1
1
1977 1957
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Borac Banja Luka
1
1992
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Iskra Bugojno
1
1985
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Partizan
1
1978
Italy Milan
1
1982
Italy Torino
1
1991
Italy Udinese
1
1980
Italy Ascoli
1
1987
Italy Bari
1
1990
Austria SC Eisenstadt
1
1984
Austria First Vienna
1
1931
Czechoslovakia Baník Ostrava
1
1989
Czechoslovakia Tatran Prešov
1
1981
Czechoslovakia ZVL Zilina
2
1974, 1983
Austria SK Admira Wien / SK Wacker Wien
2
1934, 1951
Austria Wiener AC
1
1931
Austria Austria Salzburg
1
1971
Italy Ambrosiana Inter
1
1933
Italy Lazio
1
1937
Italy Atalanta
1
1985
Italy Genoa
1
1990
Czechoslovakia ÚDA Prague
1
1955
Czechoslovakia Slovan Nitra
1
1961
Czechoslovakia Slovan Bratislava
1
1964
Czechoslovakia Jednota Trenčín
1
1966
Czechoslovakia Sklo Union Teplice
1
1969
Czechoslovakia TJ Vítkovice
1
1982
Czechoslovakia Bohemians Prague
1
1987
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Velež Mostar
1
1976
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Prishtina
1
1984
Hungary Csepel SC
1
1981
Hungary Debreceni MVSC
1
1986
Hungary Váci Izzó
1
1988
Hungary BVSC
1
1992
Romania Rapid București
1 1
1940

Notes:

1 The final between Romania Rapid București and Hungary Ferencváros was scheduled to take place in July 1940. However due to the events of World War II it was cancelled. Both teams are runners-up in the table.
2 Including Hungary Vörös Lobogó.

By country[edit]

Country Winners Runners-up
Hungary Hungary
15
14
Italy Italy
11
9
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
8
15
Austria Austria
8
7
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
8
5
Romania Romania
1

Participations[edit]

Club Participations Years
Hungary MTK Budapest
22
1927-1929, 1931, 1933-1938, 1940, 1955-1960, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1966, 1971
Czechoslovakia Slavia Prague
20
1927-1939, 1958, 1959, 1966, 1967, 1970, 1971
Hungary Vasas
15
1956, 1957, 1960, 1962-1966, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1977, 1983, 1984, 1987
Hungary Újpest
15
1927, 1929, 1930, 1932-1940, 1960, 1967, 1968
Hungary Ferencváros
15
1928, 1930, 1932, 1934-1940, 1958, 1960, 1962, 1976, 1989
Czechoslovakia Sparta Prague
15
1927, 1929-1938, 1960, 1965, 1972, 1977
Austria First Vienna
14
1929-1933, 1935, 1936, 1937, 1957, 1959, 1960, 1967, 1970, 1972
Austria Rapid Wien
12
1927-1930, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1951, 1956, 1957, 1965, 1978
Italy Bologna
12
1932, 1934, 1936, 1937, 1939, 1955, 1960, 1961, 1963, 1964, 1973, 1989
Austria Admira Wien / Wacker Wien
11
1927, 1928, 1932, 1934-1937, 1963, 1966, 1969, 1970
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Vojvodina
10
1955, 1957-1960, 1962, 1977, 1978, 1988, 1989
Austria Austria Wien
10
1931, 1934-1937, 1960, 1961, 1963, 1967, 1976
Italy Fiorentina
9
1935, 1960, 1962, 1965-1967, 1972, 1975, 1977
Hungary Budapest Honvéd
9
1955, 1959, 1962, 1967, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1975, 1978
Hungary Tatabányai Bányász
8
1958, 1960, 1967-1969, 1973-1975
Czechoslovakia Baník Ostrava
8
1959, 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1969, 1985, 1989
Italy Juventus
8
1929, 1931-1935, 1938, 1962
Czechoslovakia Slovan Bratislava
8
1955-1957, 1960, 1962, 1964, 1967, 1988
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade
8
1956, 1957, 1958, 1962, 1966-1969
Italy AS Ambrosiana Inter
7
1930, 1933-1936, 1938, 1939
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Partizan
7
1956, 1958-1960, 1962, 1972, 1978
Italy Roma
6
1931, 1935, 1936, 1955, 1960, 1968
Austria LASK Linz
6
1960, 1961, 1964, 1968, 1971, 1973
Austria Wiener Sport-Club
6
1955, 1959, 1960, 1966, 1968, 1969
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FK Sarajevo
5
1960, 1965-1967, 1974
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Hajduk Split
5
1927, 1955, 1960, 1969, 1970
Italy Torino
5
1936, 1961, 1963, 1971, 1991
Italy Lazio
4
1937, 1951, 1967, 1970
Czechoslovakia Spartak Trnava
4
1960, 1962, 1967, 1968
Austria Wacker Innsbruck
4
1967, 1970, 1975, 1976
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Čelik Zenica
4
1971-1973, 1980
Czechoslovakia Genoa
4
1929, 1937, 1938, 1990
Czechoslovakia Bohemians Prague
4
1961, 1970, 1987, 1981

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]