Mitropa Cup

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Mitropa Cup
Sport Football
Founded 1927
Ceased 1992
No. of teams Various
Countries Central European Teams
Last champion(s) Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Borac Banja Luka (1 title)
Most titles Hungary Vasas Budapest (6 titles)
Nations which participated in the Mitropa Cup (1927–1940)

The Mitropa Cup, officially called the La Coupe de l'Europe Centrale or Central European Cup, was one of the first international major European football cups for club sides. After World War II in 1951 a replacement tournament named Zentropa Cup was held, but just for one season, the Mitropa Cup name was revived, and again in 1958 the name of tournament changed in Danube Cup but only for one season. The tournament declined and was discontinued after 1992.

Mitropa Cup had 51 editions in history, including a different format edition held in 1960 and won by Hungary.

The most successful club is Vasas Budapest with 6 titles.

History[edit]

A first "International" competition for football clubs was founded in 1897 in Vienna. The Challenge Cup was invented by John Gramlick Sr., a co-founder of the Vienna Cricket and Football-Club. In this cup competition all clubs of the Austro-Hungarian Empire that normally would not meet could take part, though actually almost only clubs from the Empire's three major cities Vienna, Budapest and Prague participated. The Challenge Cup was carried out until the year 1911 and is today seen as the predecessor to the Mitropa Cup and consequently the European Cup and Champions League. The last winner of the cup was Wiener Sport-Club, one of the oldest and most traditional football clubs of Austria where the cup still remains.

The idea of a European cup competition was shaped after World War I which brought the defeat and collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The centre of this idea were the Central European countries that, at this time, were still leading in continental football. In the early 1920s they introduced professional leagues, the first continental countries to do so. Austria started in 1924, followed by Hungary in 1925 and Czechoslovakia in 1926. In order to strengthen the dominance of these countries in European football and to financially support the professional clubs, the introduction of the Mitropa Cup was decided at a meeting in Venice on 17 July, following the initiative of the head of the Austrian Football Association (ÖFB), Hugo Meisl.[1][2][3] Moreover, the creation of a European Cup for national teams - that unlike the Challenge Cup and the Mitropa Cup would not be annual - was also part of the agreement. The first matches were played on 14 August 1927. The competition was between the top professional teams of Central Europe.

Initially two teams each from Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia entered, competing in a knock-out competition. The countries involved could either send their respective league winners and runners-up, or league winners and cup winners to take part. The first winners were the Czech side, AC Sparta Prague. In 1929 Italian teams replaced the Yugoslavian ones. The competition was expanded to four teams from each of the competing countries in 1934. Other countries were invited to participate - Switzerland in 1936, and Romania, Switzerland and Yugoslavia in 1937. Austria was withdrawn from the competition following the Anschluss in 1938. In 1939, prior to the start of WW II, the cup involved only eight teams (two each from Hungary, Czechoslovakia and Italy and one each from Romania and Yugoslavia). The level of the competing nations is clearly shown by Italy's two World Cup titles (1934 & 1938), Czechoslovakia's (1934) and Hungary's (1938) World Cup final, and Austria's (1934) and Yugoslavia's (1930) semi-finals. Out of the eleven different teams competing in the first three World Cups, five were part of the Mitropa Cup.

A tournament was started in 1940, but abandoned before the final match due to World War II. Again, only eight teams competed, three each from Hungary and Yugoslavia and two from Romania. Hungarian Ferencváros and Romanian Rapid (which had won on lots after three draws) qualified for the final, but did not meet because the northern part of Transylvania (lost shortly after World War I) was ceded back to Hungary from Romania. After World War II, the cup was resumed in 1951, initially as Zentropa Cup. The Cup, once again named Mitropa Cup, lost much of its status because of the introduction of other European Club Competitions, and faced an ongoing decline. By the 1980s it was competed between the second division champions of the participating countries. It was last played in 1992, and won by Yugoslav side Borac Banja Luka in front of fewer than a thousand spectators.

Mitropa Cup Finals[edit]

Year Winners Score Runners-up
1927 Czechoslovakia AC Sparta Prague 7–4 Agg. Austria SK Rapid Wien
1928 Hungary Ferencváros 10–6 Agg. Austria SK Rapid Wien
1929 Hungary Újpest FC 7–3 Agg. Czechoslovakia SK Slavia Praha
1930 Austria SK Rapid Wien 4–3 Agg. Czechoslovakia AC Sparta Prague
1931 Austria First Vienna FC 5–3 Agg. Austria Wiener AC
1932 Italy Bologna F.C. 1909 No Final 1
1933 Austria FK Austria Wien 4–3 Agg. Italy AS Ambrosiana Inter
1934 Italy Bologna F.C. 1909 7–4 Agg. Austria SK Admira Wien
1935 Czechoslovakia AC Sparta Prague 4–2 Agg. Hungary Ferencváros
1936 Austria FK Austria Wien 1–0 Agg. Czechoslovakia AC Sparta Prague
1937 Hungary Ferencváros 9–6 Agg. Italy Lazio Roma
1938 Czechoslovakia SK Slavia Praha 4–2 Agg. Hungary Ferencváros
1939 Hungary Újpest FC 6–3 Agg. Hungary Ferencváros
1940
Cancelled due to World War II 2
1941–1950
Tournament not played
1951 3 Austria SK Rapid Wien 3–2 Austria SK Wacker Wien
1952–1954
Tournament not played
1955 Hungary Vörös Lobogó 8–1 Agg. Czechoslovakia ÚDA Praha
1956 Hungary Vasas Budapest 4–4 Agg. 9–2 R Austria SK Rapid Wien
1957 Hungary Vasas Budapest 5–2 Agg. Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FK Vojvodina
1958 4 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 7–3 Agg. Czechoslovakia Spartak Trnava
1959 Hungary Budapest Honvéd FC 6–5 Agg. Hungary MTK Budapest
1960 Hungary Hungary 5 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
1961 Italy Bologna F.C. 1909 5–2 Agg. Czechoslovakia Slovan Nitra
1962 Hungary Vasas Budapest 6–3 Agg. Italy Bologna F.C. 1909
1963 Hungary MTK Budapest 3–2 Agg. Hungary Vasas Budapest
1964 Czechoslovakia AC Sparta Prague 2–0 Agg. Czechoslovakia Slovan Bratislava
1965 Hungary Vasas Budapest 1–0 Italy AC Fiorentina
1966 Italy AC Fiorentina 1–0 Czechoslovakia Jednota Trenčín
1967 Czechoslovakia Spartak Trnava 5–4 Agg. Hungary Újpesti Dózsa
1968 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 4–2 Agg. Czechoslovakia Spartak Trnava
1969 Czechoslovakia Inter Bratislava 4–1 Agg. Czechoslovakia Sklo Union Teplice
1970 Hungary Vasas Budapest 5–3 Agg. Czechoslovakia Inter Bratislava
1971 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia NK Čelik Zenica 3–1 Austria SV Austria Salzburg
1972 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia NK Čelik Zenica 1–0 Agg. Italy AC Fiorentina
1973 Hungary Tatabányai Bányász 4–2 Agg. Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia NK Čelik Zenica
1974 Hungary Tatabányai Bányász 5–2 Agg. Czechoslovakia ZVL Zilina
1975 Austria FC Wacker Innsbruck 5–2 Agg. Hungary Budapest Honvéd FC
1976 Austria FC Wacker Innsbruck 6–2 Agg. Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Velež Mostar
1977 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FK Vojvodina RR Hungary Vasas Budapest
1978 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FK Partizan 1–0 Hungary Budapest Honvéd FC
1979
Tournament not played
1980 Italy Udinese Calcio RR Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia NK Čelik Zenica
1981 Czechoslovakia Tatran Prešov RR Hungary Csepel SC
1982 Italy AC Milan RR Czechoslovakia TJ Vítkovice
1983 Hungary Vasas Budapest RR Czechoslovakia ZVL Zilina
1984 Austria SC Eisenstadt RR Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FC Prishtina
1985 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Iskra Bugojno RR Italy Atalanta Bergamo
1986 Italy SC Pisa 2–0 Hungary Debrecen
1987 Italy Ascoli Calcio 1–0 Czechoslovakia Bohemians Praha
1988 Italy SC Pisa 3–0 Hungary Váci Izzo
1989 Czechoslovakia FC Baník Ostrava 4–2 Agg. Italy Bologna F.C. 1909
1990 Italy A.S. Bari 1–0 Italy Genoa C.F.C.
1991 Italy Torino Calcio 2–1 (a.e.t) Italy SC Pisa
1992 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Borac Banja Luka 1–1 (a.e.t) 5–3 (p) Hungary Budapesti VSC

Notes:

1 The final was scratched and Italy Bologna F.C. 1909 were awarded the cup after Czechoslovakia Slavia Prague and Italy Juventus Torino were both ejected from the competition.
2 The final between Romania Rapid București and Hungary Ferencváros was scheduled to take place in July 1940. However due to the events of World War II it was cancelled.
3 Tournament played as Zentropa Cup.
4 Tournament played as Donaupokal (Danube Cup).
5 Results of 6 clubs from 5 countries were added on a national basis.

Mitropa Super Cup Final[edit]

Year Winners Score Runners-up
1989 1 Czechoslovakia FC Baník Ostrava 3–0 / 1–3 (a.e.t) Italy SC Pisa

1 Additionally a Mitropa Super Cup was contested in 1989 between the winners of 1988 Mitropa Cup and 1989 Mitropa Cup. [4]

Performances[edit]

The tournaments played as Zentropa Cup and Danube Cup are also included.
The 1960 edition is not included in the list because was not won by a club, it was won by a nation.

By club[edit]

Club Winners Runners-up Winning Seasons Runners-up Seasons
Hungary Vasas Budapest
6
2
1956, 1957, 1962, 1965, 1970, 1983 1963, 1977
Italy Bologna F.C. 1909
3
2
1932, 1934, 1961 1962, 1989
Czechoslovakia AC Sparta Prague
3
2
1927, 1935, 1964 1930, 1936
Hungary Ferencváros
2
4 1
1928, 1937 1935, 1938, 1939, 1940
Austria SK Rapid Wien
2
3
1930, 1951 1927, 1928, 1956
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia NK Čelik Zenica
2
2
1971, 1972 1973, 1980
Hungary MTK Budapest 2
2
1
1955, 1963 1959
Hungary Újpest FC
2
1
1929, 1939 1967
Italy SC Pisa
2
1
1986, 1988 1991
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade
2
1958, 1968
Austria FK Austria Wien
2
1933, 1936
Austria FC Wacker Innsbruck
2
1975, 1976
Hungary Tatabányai Bányász
2
1973, 1974
Hungary Budapest Honvéd FC
1
2
1959 1975, 1978
Italy AC Fiorentina
1
2
1966 1965, 1972
Czechoslovakia Spartak Trnava
1
2
1967 1958, 1968
Czechoslovakia Inter Bratislava
1
1
1969 1970
Czechoslovakia SK Slavia Praha
1
1
1938 1929
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FK Vojvodina
1
1
1977 1957
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Borac Banja Luka
1
1992
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Iskra Bugojno
1
1985
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FK Partizan
1
1978
Italy AC Milan
1
1982
Italy Torino Calcio
1
1991
Italy Udinese Calcio
1
1980
Italy Ascoli Calcio
1
1987
Italy A.S. Bari
1
1990
Austria SC Eisenstadt
1
1984
Austria First Vienna FC
1
1931
Czechoslovakia FC Baník Ostrava
1
1989
Czechoslovakia Tatran Prešov
1
1981
Czechoslovakia ZVL Zilina
2
1974, 1983
Austria SK Admira Wien / SK Wacker Wien
2
1934, 1951
Austria Wiener AC
1
1931
Austria SV Austria Salzburg
1
1971
Italy AS Ambrosiana Inter
1
1933
Italy Lazio Roma
1
1937
Italy Atalanta Bergamo
1
1985
Italy Genoa C.F.C.
1
1990
Czechoslovakia ÚDA Praha
1
1955
Czechoslovakia Slovan Nitra
1
1961
Czechoslovakia Slovan Bratislava
1
1964
Czechoslovakia Jednota Trenčín
1
1966
Czechoslovakia Sklo Union Teplice
1
1969
Czechoslovakia TJ Vítkovice
1
1982
Czechoslovakia Bohemians Praha
1
1987
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Velež Mostar
1
1976
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia FC Prishtina
1
1984
Hungary Csepel SC
1
1981
Hungary Debrecen
1
1986
Hungary Váci Izzo
1
1988
Hungary Budapesti VSC
1
1992
Romania Rapid București
1 1
1940

Notes:

1 The final between Romania Rapid București and Hungary Ferencváros was scheduled to take place in July 1940. However due to the events of World War II it was cancelled. Both teams are runners-up in the table.
2 Including Hungary Vörös Lobogó.

By country[edit]

Country Winners Runners-up
Hungary Hungary
15
14
Italy Italy
11
9
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
8
15
Austria Austria
8
7
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia
8
5
Romania Romania
1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

IFFHS[edit]

The History of the tournament site - International Federation of Football History & Statistics - IFFHS