Mitsubishi Cordia

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Mitsubishi Cordia
1985 Mitsubishi Cordia (AB) GSL hatchback (2009-09-17).jpg
Overview
Manufacturer Mitsubishi Motors
Production 1982–1990
Assembly Okazaki, Aichi, Japan''''Bold text'Bold text' (Nagoya Plant)
Body and chassis
Class Sport Coupe
Body style 3-door liftback coupé
Layout Front-engine, front-wheel-drive
Front-engine, four-wheel-drive
Platform A211A-A213A
Related Mitsubishi Tredia, Mitsubishi Starion
Powertrain
Engine 1.4 L 4G12T I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L 4G32 I4 (gasoline)
1.6 L 4G32T I4-T (gasoline) "4G37" l4 (gasoline)
1.8 L 4G62 I4 (gasoline)
1.8 L 4G62T I4-T (gasoline)
2.0 L 4G63 I4 (gasoline)
Transmission 2×4-speed Super Shift manual
5-speed manual
3-speed automatic
4-speed automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,445 mm (96.3 in)
Length 4,275 mm (168.3 in)
Width 1,660 mm (65.4 in)
Height 1,320 mm (52.0 in)
Curb weight 905–960 kg (1,995–2,116 lb)
Chronology
Predecessor Mitsubishi Lancer Celeste
Successor Mitsubishi Eclipse

The Mitsubishi Cordia was a compact hatchback-coupé manufactured by Mitsubishi Motors between 1982 and 1990. Alongside the Tredia and Starion, it was one of the first cars imported and sold to the America by Mitsubishi without partner company Chrysler Corporation [1]. In Japan, the version sold at the Car Plaza retail chain was called the Cordia XP, and the one sold at the Galant Shop chain was called the Cordia XG. The XG had a somewhat smaller front grille.

The Cordia was one of the first mass-market cars to offer an optional electronic instrument cluster.

Overview[edit]

Fitting between the existing Galant and Lancer models in Mitsubishi's range, the Cordia and Tredia used front-wheel drive and were similar in design to the contemporary Mirage (although larger). They incorporated a MacPherson strut/beam axle suspension, front disc brakes, manual or electrically controlled automatic transmission, and a choice of three engines: a 1.4-litre rated at 68 hp, a 74–87 hp (55–65 kW)1.6-litre, and a 112 hp (84 kW) turbocharged 1.6-litre. Some export markets also received a carb-fed 110 hp (82 kW) 1.6-litre. A US version of the 2.0-litre generated 88hp for the 1984 model year.

The cars received a mild facelift in 1983, and four-wheel drive was offered in 1984. The engines were modified in 1985 to allow the cars to run on unleaded fuel, including the introduction of a 1.8-litre engine in both 100 hp (70 kW) naturally aspirated and 135 hp (101 kW) turbocharged form, before production was discontinued in 1990. 1988 was its last year in the United States.

In Australia, the Cordia AA series was released in late 1983. An update, titled AB series arrived with a different grille and minor changes in 1984, and the final AC model was upgraded to unleaded gasoline in late 1985. Production ceased in 1988.[2] Two trim levels were available, the naturally aspirated 1.8-liter GSL, and the turbocharged GSR.[3][4] The early (leaded) GSRs were fitted with 13-inch alloy wheels; unleaded cars came fitted with shiny 14-inch wheels.[2]

Many Cordias suffered from poor manufacturing techniques in late models from the AB onwards.[according to whom?] Mitsubishi attempted to improve it as competing models, notably the Toyota AE86 and the Nissan Silvia S12, had more power. They thus upgraded the old 1.6 motor into 1.8 models, but the 1.8 was still quite underpowered as they refused to make it a DOHC engine. Mitsubishi had been losing money on the failing subpar Tredia and was putting more money into the Starion, and thus were in a financial struggle.[citation needed] This was despite their having pioneered the medium-classed sports hatchback scene in the 1980s for Japan and having conquering the competition when they were first released, most notably the failure that was the Nissan EXA as well as the extremely dated cosmetic kit E70 Sprinter. Nissan and Toyota therefore upped their game on this new market and quickly extinguished this new competitor with the new Toyota Sprinter and a new Nissan Silvia model just a year later after the Cordia was released, with the Sprinter and Silvia becoming in common with the specs of the old Piazza but with a lower price and with the updated styling of the Cordia as they both purchased one to improve certain aspects of it and most notably Toyota took the old E70 drivetrain and slapped a new shell and engine on it to cut costs while the Silvia was based on a light hatchback (which in this case was a Cordia) and 300ZX fusion and having the reputation of a more well-known company they absolutely left Mitsubishi in the dust. Mitsubishi was also sort of flopping about as they poured money into the Starion, which did not really appeal to the export market due to Mitsubishi being a new brand to customers in the US as it was no longer rebadged as a Chrysler, and poor marketing techniques[according to whom?] lead to the demise of Mitsubishi's three-pronged attack on the export market, while sales were slow in Japan for similar reasons.

The Cordia was assembled, alongside the Tredia on which it is based, in New Zealand by Todd Motors, later Mitsubishi New Zealand. The cars were imported as CKD kits and were built with about 40% local content including glass, upholstery, carpet, wiring harnesses and radiators. Both normally aspirated and turbocharged versions were made. All models were initially 1.6-litre but the normally aspirated model was later changed to a 1.8-litre engine at the same time as the original 4x2 Super Shift automatic transmission was changed to a conventional five-speed gearbox. Normally aspirated models were also offered with a conventional two-speed automatic gearbox.

1986 Cordia GSR 4WD (Japan)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Chrysler". Wikipedia. 2017-06-30. 
  2. ^ a b Knowling, Michael (10 November 1998). "Pre-Owned Performance – Mitsubishi Cordia Turbo". AutoSpeed. Archived from the original on 13 October 2008. 
  3. ^ "Mitsubishi Cordia". Unique Cars and Parts. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Drach, Michael (1997). "Cordia Specifications". Cordia Turbo.com. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 

External links[edit]