Mitsukuri Rinsho

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Mitsukuri Rinshō
Mitsukuri Rinsho.jpg
Mitsukuri Rinshō
Born (1846-09-19)September 19, 1846
Tokyo, Japan
Died November 29, 1897(1897-11-29) (aged 51)
Nationality Japan
Occupation Entrepreneur

Baron Mitsukuri Rinshō (箕作麟祥, September 19, 1846 – November 29, 1897) was a Japanese statesman and legal scholar in Meiji period Japan.

Early life[edit]

Mitsukuri was born in Edo (present-day Tokyo) to a noted family of scholars working for the Tokugawa bakufu. He studied rangaku and received a posting to the Bansho Shirabesho, the Shogun's research institute for foreign technology. In 1867, he was selected to accompany the Shogunate's expedition to the Paris World Exposition, which proved to be an eye-opener.

Meiji Bureaucrat[edit]

On his return to Japan, Mitsukuri joined the new Meiji government as a translator. He worked closely with foreign advisors from France, especially Gustave Emile Boissonnade, de Fontarabie on drafting Japan's new commercial law and civil law codes. He also served on the Genrōin, and was active in the Meirokusha.

He later served as Vice Minister of Justice from 1888–1889, the House of Peers and as chief justice of the Administrative Court. He was also president of Wafutsu University, the predecessor of Hosei University. Shortly before his death, he was ennobled with the title of danshaku (baron) under the kazoku peerage system.


  • Sims, Richard. French Policy Towards the Bakufu and Meiji Japan 1854-1894.RoutledgeCurzon( 1998). ISBN 978-1-873410-61-5
  • Wolferen, Karol van. The Enigma of Japanese Power: People and Politics in a Stateless Nation. Vintage; Reprint edition (1990). ISBN 978-0-679-72802-3