Central Line (Sweden)
|System||Swedish railway network|
|Termini||Sundsvall Central Station
|Owner||Swedish Transport Administration|
|Operator(s)||Norwegian State Railways
|Character||Passenger and freight|
NSB Class 92
|Line length||358 km (222 mi)|
|Number of tracks||Single|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||15 kV 16 2⁄3 Hz AC|
The Central Line (Swedish: Mittbanan) is a 358-kilometre (222 mi) long railway line between Sundsvall and Storlien in central Sweden (Västernorrland County and Jämtland County). It continues as the 106-kilometre (66 mi) long Meråker Line through Norway to Hell Station and onwards to Trondheim. The railway shares line with Inland Line between Brunflo and Östersund while the line between Ånge and Bräcke is double track. The entire line is electrified at 15 kV 16 2⁄3 Hz AC, but the Norwegian section is not. This requires all trains to Norway to be diesel trains.
SJ AB operates night trains with sleeping cars from Storlien or Duved to either Stockholm, Gothenburg or Malmö. Mittnabotåget between Sundsvall and Trondheim is operated by Veolia Transport with Class 92 diesel multiple units between Östersund and Trondheim, and Regina trains between Sundsvall and Östersund. Veolia Transport also operates Utmanartåget with a biweekly connection between Storlien and Malmö via Stockholm.
The first part of the line was the Sundsvall–Torpshammar Railway, a private, narrow gauge and 60-kilometre (37 mi) long line opened fully in 1878, and its first part in 1872. From 1875 the Swedish State Railways were building Norrland Crossline, which opened 1879 between Torpshammar and Östersund. Before 1881 it had no connection to the rest of Sweden (only steamboat from Sundsvall), until the railway between Stockholm and Ånge was finished. At the same time the governments were building a railway east from Trondheim, with the Government of Sweden building the Swedish part, finished 1882. The Government of Norway (Norway was in a union with Sweden at the time) built the Norwegian section, Meråker Line, which was opened in 1886. In 1885 the Sundsvall-Torpshammar Railway was bought by the state and rebuilt to standard gauge the following year. The railway was then known as the Norrland Crossline (Norrländska Tvärbanan) until it got the present name in the early 1990s. In November 2013 the railway had to be closed near the border because of high risk of landslide, opened again February 2015. The place is 1 km from the border and named "Stora Helvetet" ("Big Hell", named after the troubles of building the railway here in 1877).
- Western Central Line (Swedish:Västra Centralbanan) was the railway Falköping–Ulricehamn–Landeryd in Sweden. It is now removed.
- Eastern Central Line (Swedish:Östra Centralbanan) was the name of the railway Linköping–Hultsfred in Sweden. It is now a part of Stångådalsbanan.
- "Tidtabell" (PDF) (in Swedish). resplus.se. 2010-12-12. Retrieved 2011-01-09.
- "Pressinbjudan: Invigning av banken över Örabäcken, Storlien (Stora Helvetet)" (in Swedish). Trafikverket. 2015-01-13. Retrieved 2016-09-21.