Mittelnkirchen

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Mittelnkirchen
Mittelnkirchen (German)
Mittelskark (Low Saxon)
Coat of arms of Mittelnkirchen
Coat of arms
Mittelnkirchen  is located in Germany
Mittelnkirchen
Mittelnkirchen
Coordinates: 53°33′N 9°37′E / 53.550°N 9.617°E / 53.550; 9.617Coordinates: 53°33′N 9°37′E / 53.550°N 9.617°E / 53.550; 9.617
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Stade
Municipal assoc. Lühe
Government
 • Mayor Heinrich Schlichtmann (CDU)
Area
 • Total 7.02 km2 (2.71 sq mi)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,017
 • Density 140/km2 (380/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 21720
Dialling codes 04142
Vehicle registration STD
Website www.luehe-online.de

Mittelnkirchen (in High German, in Low Saxon: Mittelskark) is a municipality in the district of Stade, Lower Saxony, Germany.

History[edit]

Mittelnkirchen belonged - as to its government - to the Prince-Archbishopric of Bremen, established in 1180.[2] In religious respect, however, Mittelnkirchen formed part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Verden until after 1566 its incumbent bishops lost papal recognition, except of a last Catholic bishop from 1630 to 1631, respectively.[2] In the mid-16th century the inhabitants adopted Lutheranism. During the Leaguist occupation under Tilly (1628–1630), they suffered from attempts of re-Catholicisation.

In 1648 the prince-archbishopric was transformed into the Duchy of Bremen, which was first ruled in personal union by the Swedish – interrupted by a Danish occupation (1712–1715) – and from 1715 on by the Hanoverian Crown. In 1807 the ephemeric Kingdom of Westphalia annexed the duchy, before France annexed it in 1810. In 1813 the duchy was restored to the Electorate of Hanover, which – after its upgrade to the Kingdom of Hanover in 1814 – incorporated the duchy in a real union and the ducal territory, including Mittelnkirchen, became part of the Stade Region, established in 1823.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, 102 Bevölkerung - Basis Zensus 2011, Stand 31. Dezember 2013 (Tabelle K1020014)
  2. ^ a b Michael Schütz, „Die Konsolidierung des Erzstiftes unter Johann Rode“, in: Geschichte des Landes zwischen Elbe und Weser: 3 vols., Hans-Eckhard Dannenberg and Heinz-Joachim Schulze (eds.) on behalf of the Landschaftsverband der ehemaligen Herzogtümer Bremen und Verden, Stade: Landschaftsverband der ehemaligen Herzogtümer Bremen und Verden, 1995 and 2008, vol. I 'Vor- und Frühgeschichte' (1995; ISBN 978-3-9801919-7-5), vol. II 'Mittelalter (einschl. Kunstgeschichte)' (1995; ISBN 978-3-9801919-8-2), vol. III 'Neuzeit' (2008; ISBN 978-3-9801919-9-9), (=Schriftenreihe des Landschaftsverbandes der ehemaligen Herzogtümer Bremen und Verden; vols. 7–9), vol. II: pp. 263–278, here pp. 270seq. ISBN 978-3-9801919-8-2.