Mitzpe Yeriho

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Mitzpe Yeriho

מִצְפֵּה יְרִחוֹ
Skyline of Mitzpe Yeriho
Mitzpe Yeriho is located in the Central West Bank
Mitzpe Yeriho
Mitzpe Yeriho
Coordinates: 31°48′57.60″N 35°23′38.76″E / 31.8160000°N 35.3941000°E / 31.8160000; 35.3941000Coordinates: 31°48′57.60″N 35°23′38.76″E / 31.8160000°N 35.3941000°E / 31.8160000; 35.3941000
DistrictJudea and Samaria Area
CouncilMateh Binyamin
RegionWest Bank
AffiliationAmana
FoundedOctober 1977
Population
 (2017)[1]
2,394
Name meaningJericho lookout
WebsiteOfficial website

Mitzpe Yeriho, also spelled Mitzpeh Yericho (Hebrew: מִצְפֵּה יְרִיחוֹ, lit. Jericho Lookout), is a religious Israeli settlement in the Judaean Desert. Located 20 km east of Jerusalem and 10 km east of Ma'ale Adummim along Highway 1 in the Judean desert, it is organised as a community settlement and falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Binyamin Regional Council. In 2017 it had a population of 2,394.

The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.[2]

Geography[edit]

The village lies on one of the last cliffs marking the edge of the Judean highlands, and overlooks the Jordan Rift Valley, the Dead Sea, and the ancient city of Jericho whence its name is derived. The climate is dry, with temperatures a few degrees warmer than Jerusalem temperatures all year round.

History[edit]

Original founding group in nearby Mishor Adumim, October 1977

Founded in October 1977 during the Jewish holiday of Sukkot, it was supposed to be located on government lands adjacent to Jericho. Due to the objection of then Defense Minister Ezer Weizman, they were moved to Mishor Adumim. Agriculture Minister Ariel Sharon suggested a few days later that they relocate to a barren hilltop overlooking Jericho, its current location.[3]

According to ARIJ, in 1978 Israel confiscated 968 dunams of land from the Palestinian site of Nabi Musa in order to construct Mitzpe Yeriho.[4]

The original residents were a mixed group of both religiously observant and non-observant Jews. They later split up into two groups, and the non-observant members established a new settlement, Vered Yericho, located in the Jordan Valley below Mitzpe Yeriho and closer to Jericho. Still, Mitzpe Yeriho is a community of various traditions and observance levels. While the main synagogue follows Ashkenazi traditions, there are also two Sephardi synagogues, a Chabad synagogue, a Yemenite synagogue, a Carlebach minyan and several other small functioning minyanim.

In 1982, the community appointed then 27-year-old Yehuda Kroizer as community rabbi.[5] Rabbi Kroizer gives regular classes, both in the town as well as in the Yeshivat HaRaayon HaYehudi, the former yeshiva of Rabbi Meir Kahane.

The yeshiva Netivot Yoseph, a leading Religious Zionist yeshiva [6] headed by Rabbi Shabtai Sabbato, was founded in 1990, and moved the following year to Mitzpe Yeriho. The yeshiva is well known for its emphasis on breadth of Talmudic studies (bekiyut). It frequently honors students who have completed studying the entire Talmud; in 2011, there was a special celebration of 100 graduates who completed Shas.[7] In 2018, the yeshiva opened a Beth Din, a rabbinical court for questions of financial laws. Graduates of the yeshiva who have passed the rabbinate's dayanut exams will serve as judges.[8]

In May 1997, the Israeli Defense Forces dismantled two illegally placed mobile homes in Mitzpe Yeriho.[9]

Mitzpe Yeriho in the Judean Desert (Mar. 2008)

Demographics[edit]

In 2009, the population of Mitzpe Yeriho grew at an annual rate of 5.6%.[10] As of 2010, over 450 families reside in Mitzpe Yeriho.

Environment[edit]

In 1999, Mitzpe Yeriho was found to be a "radon-prone" area. Such an area is defined as one in which the radon concentration is more than 10 times the national average in more than one percent of the homes in the area.[11]

Aerial view of Mitzpe Yeriho, 2014

Economy[edit]

The community is home to several businesses including an electronics facility, and also serves tourism in the nearby Wadi Qelt nature reserve and its Byzantine-era Saint George Monastery and Hasmonean-era Kypros fortress.[12] It also hosts the Nof Harden wedding hall.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Localities File" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2019.
  2. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  3. ^ Lash Balint, Judy (21 January 2012). "The lost Jewish presence in Jericho". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  4. ^ An Nabi Musa Locality Profile, ARIJ, p. 7
  5. ^ https://sites.google.com/site/mitzpeyericho/rabbi-kroizer
  6. ^ http://www.nbn.org.il/aliyahpedia/education-ulpan/school-profiles/netivot-yosef-mitzpe-yericho-yeshiva-tichonit/
  7. ^ Ezra, Hizki (8 November 2011). "100 Finish Shas". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  8. ^ "A new court was inaugurated in Mitzpeh Yericho (Hebrew)". Kipa.co.il. 10 June 2018. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  9. ^ Herb Keinon (9 May 1997). "Yitzhar - Netanyahu's lose-lose gambit". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
  10. ^ Michael Green (3 April 2009). "Crossing over?". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
  11. ^ Liat Collins (25 March 1999). "National study determines radon-prone areas". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
  12. ^ St George's Monastery, Israel PlanetWare.com
  13. ^ http://www.nofhayarden.com

External links[edit]