The Miura is line within the Spanish Fighting Bull or Toro de Lidia breed of Spain. It is bred at the Ganadería Miura in the province of Seville, in Andalucia. The ranch is known for producing large and difficult fighting bulls. A Miura bull debuted in Madrid on April 30, 1849.
The Miura derives from five historic lines of Spanish bull: the Gallardo, Cabrera, Navarra, Veragua, and Vistahermosa-Parladé.
The bulls were fought under the name of Juan Miura until his death in 1854. Then they were under the name of his widow, Josefa Fernandez de Miura. After her death, the livestock bore the name of her eldest son Antonio Miura Fernandez from 1869 to 1893 and then the younger brother, Eduardo Miura Fernandez until his death in 1917.
Bulls from the Miura lineage have a reputation for being large, fierce, and cunning. It is said to be especially dangerous for a matador to turn his back on a Miura. Miura bulls have been referred to as individualists, each bull seemingly possessing a strong personal character.
There are certain strains of bull with a marked ability to learn from what goes on in the arena ... faster than the actual fight progresses which makes it more difficult from one minute to the next to control them ... these bulls are raised by Don Eduardo Miura's sons from old fighting stock...
- Murciélago survived 24 jabs with the lance from the picador in a fight October 5, 1879 against Rafael "El Lagartijo" Molina Sanchez, at the Coso de los califas bullring in Córdoba, Spain.
- Islero gored and killed bullfighter Manolete on August 28, 1947. Islero had poor eyesight and tended to chop with his right horn.
- mundotoro.com Archived 2010-05-26 at the Wayback Machine
- Origen. Ganadería Miura. Archived 24 August 2018.
- "Animals: Pamplona's Encierros". Time. July 11, 1932. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- "PLAIN PEOPLE: The Best Is Dead". Time. September 8, 1947. Retrieved May 12, 2010.
- Villiers-Wardell, p. 117
- Cossío, Los Toros, tomo3: "El toro bravo II", ISBN 978-84-670-2531-6, Espasa Calpe, 2007, Spanien, p 584.
- Villiers-Wardell, Janie (1914). Spain of the Spanish (Countries and Peoples Series). The University of California.
- Shubert, Adrian (2001). Death and money in the afternoon: a history of the Spanish bullfight (Illustrated ed.). Oxford University Press US.
- Grühsem, Stephan; Vann, Peter (2006). Lamborghini Today: A Tempo Furioso (Illustrated ed.). MotorBooks/MBI Publishing Company. ISBN 0-7603-2704-1.