Mixosauria

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Mixosauria
Temporal range: Triassic, 247.2–235.0 Ma
Contectopalatus1DB.jpg
Contectopalatus atavus
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Ichthyosauria
Node: Hueneosauria
Infraorder: Mixosauria
Motani, 1999
Genera

Wimaniidae Maisch, 2010

Mixosauridae Baur, 1887

The Mixosauria were an early group of ichthyosaurs, living between 250 and 235 million years ago, during the Triassic period.[1][2] Fossils of mixosaurs have been found all over the world: China, Timor, Indonesia, Italy, Germany, Spitsbergen, Switzerland, Svalbard, Canada, Alaska, and Nevada.

Cladogram based on Motani (1999),[3] Maisch and Matzke (2000),[4] and Jiang, Schmitz, Hao & Sun (2006),[5] with clade and generic names following Maisch (2010):[2]

Mixosauria
Wimaniidae

Wimanius

Mixosauridae
Mixosaurinae

Barracudasauroides

Mixosaurus cornalianus

Mixosaurus kuhnschnyderi

Phalarodontinae

Contectopalatus

Phalarodon callawayi

Phalarodon fraasi

References[edit]

  1. ^ "†suborder Mixosauria Motani 1999". Paleobiology Database. Fossilworks. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  2. ^ a b Michael W. Maisch (2010). "Phylogeny, systematics, and origin of the Ichthyosauria – the state of the art" (PDF). Palaeodiversity. 3: 151–214.
  3. ^ Motani, R. (1999). "Phylogeny of the Ichthyopterygia". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 19: 472–495. doi:10.1080/02724634.1999.10011160.
  4. ^ Michael W. Maisch & Andreas T. Matzke (2000). "The Ichthyosauria" (PDF). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde. Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie). 298: 1–159.
  5. ^ Jiang, Da-yong; Schmitz, Lars; Hao, Wei-Cheng & Sun, Yuan-Lin (2006). "A new mixosaurid Ichthyosaur from the Middle Triassic of China". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 26 (1): 60–69. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2006)26[60:ANMIFT]2.0.CO;2.