Mixosauria

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Mixosauria
Temporal range: 230–210 Ma
Contectopalatus1DB.jpg
Contectopalatus atavus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Sauropsida
Subclass: ?Diapsida
Superorder: Ichthyopterygia
Order: Ichthyosauria
Infraorder: Mixosauria
Motani, 1999
Genera

Wimaniidae Maisch, 2010

Mixosauridae Baur, 1887

The Mixosauria were an early group of ichthyosaurs, living between 250 and 230 million years ago, during the Triassic period.[1] Fossils of mixosaurs have been found all over the world: China, Timor, Indonesia, Italy, Germany, Spitsbergen, Switzerland, Svalbard, Canada, Alaska, and Nevada.

Cladogram based on Motani (1999),[2] Maisch and Matzke (2000),[3] and Jiang, Schmitz, Hao & Sun (2006),[4] with clade and generic names following Maisch (2010):[1]

Mixosauria
Wimaniidae

Wimanius


Mixosauridae
Mixosaurinae

Barracudasauroides




Mixosaurus cornalianus



Mixosaurus kuhnschnyderi




Phalarodontinae

Contectopalatus




Phalarodon callawayi



Phalarodon fraasi






References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Michael W. Maisch (2010). "Phylogeny, systematics, and origin of the Ichthyosauria – the state of the art" (PDF). Palaeodiversity. 3: 151–214. 
  2. ^ Motani, R. (1999). "Phylogeny of the Ichthyopterygia". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 19: 472–495. doi:10.1080/02724634.1999.10011160. 
  3. ^ Michael W. Maisch and Andreas T. Matzke (2000). "The Ichthyosauria" (PDF). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde: Serie B. 298: 159. 
  4. ^ Da-Yong Jiang, Lars Schmitz, Wei-Cheng Hao, and Yuan-Lin Sun (2006). "A new mixosaurid Ichthyosaur from the Middle Triassic of China". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 26 (1): 60–69. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2006)26[60:ANMIFT]2.0.CO;2.