Miyagi Prefecture

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Miyagi Prefecture
宮城県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese宮城県
 • RōmajiMiyagi-ken
Panoramic view of the Sendai plain, spreading to the Sendai metropolitan area in Miyagi Prefecture
Panoramic view of the Sendai plain, spreading to the Sendai metropolitan area in Miyagi Prefecture
Flag of Miyagi Prefecture
Official logo of Miyagi Prefecture
Anthem: Kagayaku Kyōdo
Location of Miyagi Prefecture
Country Japan
RegionTōhoku
IslandHonshu
CapitalSendai
SubdivisionsDistricts: 10, Municipalities: 35
Government
 • GovernorYoshihiro Murai
Area
 • Total7,282.22 km2 (2,811.68 sq mi)
 • Rank16th
Population
 (October 1, 2020)
 • Total2,301,996
 • Rank15th
 • Density320/km2 (820/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-04
Websitewww.pref.miyagi.jp
Symbols
BirdWild goose
FlowerMiyagi bush clover (Lespedeza thunbergii)
TreeJapanese zelkova
(Zelkova serrata)

Miyagi Prefecture (宮城県, Miyagi-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Tōhoku region of Honshu.[1] Miyagi Prefecture has a population of 2,305,596 (1 June 2019) and has a geographic area of 7,282 km2 (2,812 sq mi). Miyagi Prefecture borders Iwate Prefecture to the north, Akita Prefecture to the northwest, Yamagata Prefecture to the west, and Fukushima Prefecture to the south.

Sendai is the capital and largest city of Miyagi Prefecture, and the largest city in the Tōhoku region, with other major cities including Ishinomaki, Ōsaki, and Tome.[2] Miyagi Prefecture is located on Japan's eastern Pacific coast and bounded to the west by the Ōu Mountains, the longest mountain range in Japan, with 24% of its total land area being designated as Natural Parks. Miyagi Prefecture is home to Matsushima Islands, a group of islands ranked as one of the Three Views of Japan, near the town of Matsushima.

History[edit]

Miyagi Prefecture was formerly part of the province of Mutsu.[3]

2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami[edit]

On March 11, 2011, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake and a subsequent major tsunami hit Miyagi Prefecture, causing major damage to the area.[4] The tsunami was estimated to be approximately 10 metres (33 ft) high in Miyagi Prefecture.[5]

On April 7, 2011, a magnitude 7.4 earthquake struck off the coast of Miyagi, Japan. Workers were then evacuated from the nearby troubled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear facility once again, as a tsunami warning was issued for the coastline. Residents were told to flee for inner land at that time.

In 2013, Crown Prince Naruhito and Crown Princess Masako visited the prefecture to see the progress made since the tsunami.[6]

Geography[edit]

Map of Miyagi Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town      Village

Miyagi Prefecture is in the central part of Tōhoku, facing the Pacific Ocean, and contains Tōhoku's largest city, Sendai. There are high mountains on the west and along the northeast coast, but the central plain around Sendai is fairly large.

Matsushima is known as one of the three most scenic views of Japan, with a bay full of 260 small islands covered in pine groves.

Oshika Peninsula projects from the northern coastline of the prefecture.

As of 31 March 2019, 24% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Sanriku Fukkō National Park; Kurikoma and Zaō Quasi-National Parks; and Abukuma Keikoku, Asahiyama, Funagata Renpō, Futakuchi Kyōkoku, Kenjōsan Mangokuura, Kesennuma, Matsushima, and Zaō Kōgen Prefectural Natural Parks.[7][8]

Cities[edit]

Fourteen cities are located in Miyagi Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Higashimatsushima, Miyagi.svg Higashimatsushima 東松島市 101.36 39,098 Higashimatsushima in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ishinomaki, Miyagi.svg Ishinomaki 石巻市 554.55 140,151 Ishinomaki in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Iwanuma, Miyagi.svg Iwanuma 岩沼市 60.45 44,068 Iwanuma in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kakuda, Miyagi.svg Kakuda 角田市 147.53 27,976 Kakuda in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kesennuma Miyagi.svg Kesennuma 気仙沼市 332.44 61,147 Kesennuma in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kurihara, Miyagi.svg Kurihara 栗原市 804.97 64,637 Kurihara in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Natori Miyagi.JPG Natori 名取市 98.17 78,718 Natori in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Osaki, Miyagi.svg Ōsaki 大崎市 796.76 127,330 Osaki in Miyagi Ja.svg
Flag of Sendai, Miyagi.svg Sendai (capital) 仙台市 786.3 1,096,704 Sendai in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shiogama, Miyagi.svg Shiogama 塩竈市 17.37 52,203 Shiogama in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shiroishi, Miyagi.svg Shiroishi 白石市 286.48 32,758 Shiroishi in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tagajō, Miyagi.svg Tagajō 多賀城市 19.69 62,827 Tagajo in Miyagi Prefecture - Ja.svg
Flag of Tome, Miyagi.svg Tome 登米市 536.12 76,037 Tome in Miyagi Prefecture - Ja.svg
Flag of Tomiya, Miyagi.svg Tomiya 富谷市 49.18 51,651 Tomiya in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns and villages[edit]

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Type Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Kami Miyagi.JPG Kami 加美町 460.67 21,943 Kami District Town Kami in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kawasaki, Miyagi.svg Kawasaki 川崎町 270.77 8,637 Shibata District Town Kawasaki in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Marumori Miyagi.svg Marumori 丸森町 273.3 13,092 Igu District Town Marumori in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Matsushima, Miyagi.svg Matsushima 松島町 53.56 13,804 Miyagi District Town Matsushima in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minamisanriku, Miyagi.svg Minamisanriku 南三陸町 163.4 12,516 Motoyoshi District Town Minamisanriku in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Misato Miyagi.JPG Misato 美里町 74.95 24,565 Tōda District Town Misato in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Murata Miyagi.JPG Murata 村田町 78.38 10,675 Shibata District Town Murata in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ogawara, Miyagi.svg Ōgawara 大河原町 24.99 23,618 Shibata District Town Ogawara in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Ohira, Miyagi.svg Ōhira 大衡村 60.32 5,918 Kurokawa District Village Ohira in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Onagawa, Miyagi.svg Onagawa 女川町 65.35 6,319 Oshika District Town Onagawa in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Osato Miyagi.JPG Ōsato 大郷町 82.01 7,972 Kurokawa District Town Osato in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Rifu Miyagi.JPG Rifu 利府町 44.89 36,014 Miyagi District Town Rifu in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shibata Miyagi.JPG Shibata 柴田町 54.03 37,617 Shibata District Town Shibata in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shichigahama, Miyagi.svg Shichigahama 七ヶ浜町 13.19 18,447 Miyagi District Town Shichigahama in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shichikashuku, Miyagi.svg Shichikashuku 七ヶ宿町 263.09 1,323 Katta District Town Shichikashuku in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shikama Miyagi.JPG Shikama 色麻町 109.28 6,723 Kami District Town Shikama in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Taiwa, Miyagi.svg Taiwa 大和町 225.49 28,436 Kurokawa District Town Taiwa in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Wakuya, Miyagi.svg Wakuya 涌谷町 82.16 15,763 Tōda District Town Wakuya in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Watari, Miyagi.svg Watari 亘理町 73.6 33,459 Watari District Town Watari in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yamamoto, Miyagi.svg Yamamoto 山元町 64.58 12,100 Watari District Town Yamamoto in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Zaō, Miyagi.svg Zaō 蔵王町 152.83 11,790 Katta District Town Zao in Miyagi Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers[edit]

Economy[edit]

Although Miyagi has a good deal of fishing and agriculture, producing a great deal of rice and livestock, it is dominated by the manufacturing industries around Sendai, particularly electronics, appliances, and food processing.

As of March 2011, the prefecture produced 4.7% of Japan's rice, 23% of oysters, and 15.9% of sauries.[9]

In July 2011, the Japanese government decided to ban all shipments of beef cattle from northeast Miyagi Prefecture over fears of radioactive contamination.[10] This has since been rescinded.

Demographics[edit]

Miyagi prefecture population pyramid in 2020

According to Japanese census data, Miyagi prefecture experienced its greatest period of growth from 1940 to 1950 and continued to exhibit growth up until the 21st century.[11] Nevertheless, like the majority of Japan, the population of Miyagi has begun to slowly decline. The prefectural capital of Sendai, however, has seen a moderate, but steady rise in population over the past twenty years.[12]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1890 735,100—    
1920 962,000+30.9%
1930 1,143,000+18.8%
1940 1,271,000+11.2%
1950 1,663,000+30.8%
1960 1,743,000+4.8%
1970 1,819,000+4.4%
1980 2,082,000+14.5%
1990 2,249,000+8.0%
2000 2,365,320+5.2%
2010 2,348,165−0.7%
2020 2,301,996−2.0%

Education[edit]

University[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Sendai Station in August 2010

Rail[edit]

Roads[edit]

Expressways and toll roads[edit]

National highways[edit]

Ports[edit]

Airports[edit]

Sports[edit]

The sports teams listed below are based in Miyagi Prefecture.

Also, the Sendai Hi-Land Raceway hosts motorsport road races.

Visitor attractions[edit]

Sendai was the castle town of the daimyō Date Masamune. The remains of Sendai Castle stand on a hill above the city.

Miyagi Prefecture boasts one of Japan's three greatest sights. Matsushima, the pine-clad islands, dot the waters off the coast of the prefecture.

The following are also noted as attractions:

Famous festivals and events[edit]

Suzume Dancing Event in Aoba Festival
Aoba Festival of Sendai
View of Traditional New Year's sale in Sendai
  • Sendai New Year's traditional Sale on January 2
  • Shiroishi Kokeshi Exhibition, May 3–5
  • Aoba Festival, Suzume Odori traditional Japanese dance event in May
  • Shiogama Port Festival in July
  • Sendai Tanabata Festival, August 6–8
  • Sendai Pageant of Starlight in December

Popular culture[edit]

Miyagi Prefecture is one of the main settings of the manga and anime series Haikyū!!. The most well-known fictional schools located there are Karasuno High School, Aoba Johsai High School, Date Tech High and Shiratorizawa Academy, as well as Sendai City Gymnasium. Another anime series Wake Up, Girls! is also set in Miyagi Prefecture.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Miyagi prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 648, p. 648, at Google Books; "Tōhoku" in p. 970, p. 970, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Sendai" in p. 841, p. 841, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books
  4. ^ "Japan earthquake: Tsunami hits north-east". BBC News. March 11, 2011. Archived from the original on March 12, 2011.
  5. ^ Williams, Martyn. "Report from Japan: Impact of Tsunami Devastates Nation's Northeast". voanews.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2012. Retrieved 28 April 2018.
  6. ^ "Crown Prince Naruhito, Princess Masako visit tsunami victims in Miyagi". Japan Daily Press. Archived from the original on 2013-08-24. Retrieved 2013-08-22.
  7. ^ 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  8. ^ 宮城県の自然公園 [Natural Parks in Miyagi Prefecture] (in Japanese). Miyagi Prefecture. Retrieved 13 August 2019.
  9. ^ Schreiber, Mark, "Japan's food crisis goes beyond recent panic buying Archived 2011-04-20 at the Wayback Machine", Japan Times, 17 April 2011, p. 9.
  10. ^ "Japan suspends shipment of Miyagi beef over contamination - Home » Other Sections » Breaking News". www.philstar.com. Archived from the original on 8 September 2012. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  11. ^ "Japan Prefectures Population from 1920 and Area". www.demographia.com. Retrieved 2021-12-24.
  12. ^ "Sendai (City (-shi), Miyagi, Japan) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2021-12-24.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°21′N 140°58′E / 38.350°N 140.967°E / 38.350; 140.967