Location of Miyake in Tokyo Metropolis
|• Total||55.27 km2 (21.34 sq mi)|
|Population (June 2016)|
|• Density||44.3/km2 (115/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Flower||Hydrangea macrophylla|
|- Bird||Izu thrush|
|Address||Tsuboi 1774, Miyake-mura, Tokyo 100-1211|
Miyake (三宅村? Miyake-mura) is a village located in Miyake Subprefecture, Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 February 2016[update], the village had an estimated population of 2,415 and a population density of 44.3 persons per km². Its total area was 55.27 square kilometres (21.34 sq mi)
It is uncertain when human settlement first began on Miyakejima, but the island was known to be inhabited since at least in the early Nara period, and is mentioned in historical records for its many volcanic eruptions. The island was used as a penal colony during the Edo Period. After the start of the Meiji period, in 1878, the island came under the control of Tokyo-fu and was organized into five villages (Izu, Kamitsuki, Igaya, Ako and Tsubota) under Oshima subprefecture on October 1, 1923. Miyake subprefecture was created out of Oshima subprefecture on April 1, 1943.
On August 31, 1945, during the Allies’ occupation of Tokyo, ground gunners on Miyake-jima fired three shots at an American transport aircraft, with no casualties. These were to be amongst the last shots fired in the war.
The three villages of Izu, Kamitsuki and Igaya merged on October 1, 1946 to form the village of Miyake, which was joined by Abo and Tsubota on February 1, 1956. The village was evacuated in the year 2000 due to volcanic eruptions, and the inhabitants were only allowed to return from 2005.
Fishing and seasonal tourism are the mainstays of the economy of Miyake.
- Miyake is famous for its traditional taiko performances, known as kamitsuki kiyari taiko,
- Adelaide Advertiser, Sat September 1, 1945 See http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-page2667581?zoomLevel=3
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