|Chairman of The State Great Khural|
|Preceded by||Zandaakhüügiin Enkhbold|
|Prime Minister of Mongolia|
25 January 2006 – 22 November 2007
|Preceded by||Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj|
|Succeeded by||Sanjaagiin Bayar|
|Deputy Speaker of the Parliament|
|Chairman of the Mongolian People's Party|
|General Secretary||Jamyangiin Mönkhbat|
|Preceded by||Ulziisaikhan Enkhtuvshin|
19 July 1964 |
|Political party||Mongolian People's Party|
Miyegombyn Enkhbold (Mongolian: Миеэгомбын Энхболд, Miyégombīn Enhbold; born 19 July 1964) is a Mongolian politician. He is currently the chairman of the Parliament of Mongolia, the State Great Khural. He is a Member of Parliament and previously served as the Deputy Speaker of the Parliament as the representative of the minority Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP). He was the Deputy Prime Minister of Mongolia from 2007 to 2012. He served as the Prime Minister between January 2006 and November 2007.
From 2005 until October 2007, he was the Chairman of the MPRP, and he had served as Mayor of the capital city, Ulaanbaatar. As the result of general election in 2012, he was appointed as Vice Chairman of the State Great Khural. In the 27th Congress of Mongolia People’s Party, he was elected twice as the Chairman of the Mongolian People’s Party (MPP). In 2016, when the MPP gained control of parliament, he was elected as chairman of the State Great Khural.
Education and early life
Enkhbold is married and has two children. He finished school in 1982 and started studying in 1983. He earned an undergraduate diploma from the National University of Mongolia majoring in centrally planned economy in 1987.
From 1987 he worked as an economist with the Services Office of the Executive Authority of the Assembly of People's Deputies of Ulaanbaatar. In 1989 he became a specialist to the Department of Planning and Service Mechanics of the Public Services Ministry. In 1991 he returned to become the head of the municipal Services Office.
Joining MPRP and municipal politics
Enkhbold joined the MPRP in 1990, the same year when the MPRP Politburo resigned and the democratic process began in Mongolia.
The MPRP appointed Enkhbold as a Deputy Governor of the Chingeltei District of Ulaanbaatar from 1992 to 1996, and as Chairman of the Presidium of the Chingeltei Districts Khural of Citizens Representatives from 1996 to 1997.
The MPRP appointed him as the chairman of the MPRP's Council in Ulan Bator from 1997 to 2005. In 1999 he was elected as mayor of Ulan Bator by the MPRP dominated Ulan Bator's People's Representative's Hural.
Enkhbold contributed to the presidential campaign of Nambaryn Enkhbayar in 2005. When Enkhbayar became President of Mongolia, he had to give up the position of Chairman of the MPRP. That position then fell to Enkhbold.
In January 2006, the MPRP decided to withdraw from the coalition, and its ten ministers resigned. This meant that more than half of the minister positions were vacant, so the parliament had no choice but to dissolve the government, removing Elbegdorj from power. The MPRP felt strong enough for this step because a DP member in parliament had switched to the MPRP a few days before, giving them exactly half the seats. The votes of four more DP members supporting the change (later to be rewarded with minister positions) resulted in an effective MPRP majority. In this configuration, and on the nomination of President Enkhbayar, the parliament approved Enkhbold as the new Prime Minister on January 25, 2006.
In Bayar's government, Enkhbold was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister on December 5, 2007.
In June 2016, the Mongolian People's Party (the word 'Revolutionary' was dropped from the party name in 2012) gained 85% of the seats in Parliament. The current chairman was unseated and Enkhbold was elected as chairman of the State Great Khural.
- "Mongolian parliament accepts PM's resignation", Xinhua (china.org.cn), November 8, 2007.
- "Mongolia rushes to appoint new prime minister as a budget deadline looms", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), November 22, 2007.
- "Mongolian Parliament approves new coalition government", IST, AFP (Times of India), December 6, 2007.
- Edwards, Terrence (30 June 2016). "Mongolian opposition wins landslide, voters fed up with hard times". Reuters. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- Tian, Shaohui (14 July 2016). "Mongolia's new government seeks stronger relations with China". People's Republic of China. Xinhua. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
- news.bbc.co.uk BBC report about the government change
- Mongolia Prime Minister M.Enkhbold Resigns Mongolia Prime Minister M.Enkhbold Resigns (The UB Post)
|Party political offices|
|General Secretary of the Mongolian People's Party
|Prime Minister of Mongolia