Mizmar (instrument)

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La fête de la musique au centre culturel dEgypte (Paris) (7416610718).jpg
Mizmar (center), between ney flute and darbuka drum
Classification Double reed
Related instruments


In Arabic music, a mizmār (Arabic: مزمار; plural مَزَامِير mazāmīr) is any single or double reed wind instrument. In Egypt, the term mizmar usually refers to the conical shawm that is called zurna in Turkey and Armenia.

Mizmar is also a term used for a group of musicians, usually a duo or trio, that play a mizmar instrument along with an accompaniment of one or two double-sided bass drums, known in Arabic as tabl baladi or simply tabl.

Mizmars are usually played in Egypt at either weddings or as an accompaniment to belly dancers. In Lebanon, the Palestinian Territories, and Syria, it is influenced by the Anatolian/Armenian zurna, a higher-pitched version of the mizmar, and may also be known in those countries as a zamr (زمر)[1] or zamour, as well as mizmar. In Algeria a similar instrument is called ghaita or rhaita (غيطة).[2] Along with belly dancing, the mizmar may accompany the dabke, a folkloric line dance done in Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, and Iraq.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Berger, Shlomo; Brocke, Michael; Zwiep, Irene (2003). Zutot 2002. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 133. ISBN 1402013248.
  2. ^ Brown, David. Oriental Oboes and Shawms larkinam.com

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