Mizque Province

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Mizque Province
Location of Mizque Province within Bolivia
Bolivia Cochabamba Mizque.png
General Data
Country Bolivia Bolivia
Departament Cochabamba Department
Capital Mizque
Municipalities 3
Cantons 10
Area 2,730 km²
Elevation m
Population 36,181 (2001)
Density 13.3 inhabitants/km² (2001)
Sub-prefect
Languages Quechua, Spanish
ISO 3166-2 BO.CB.MZ
Cochabamba Department
Bolivia department of cochabamba.png

Mizque (from Quechua: misk'i, meaning "sweet") is a province in the Cochabamba Department, Bolivia. Its capital is Mizque.

The province, in 1992, had a population of 27,959 inhabitants, mostly indigenous citizens of Quechuan descent. In 2001, the population increased to 36,181 inhabitants and it was estimated at 41,062 in 2005.[1]

Subdivision[edit]

The province is divided into three municipalities which are further subdivided into ten cantons.

Section Municipality Inhabitants[2] Seat Inhabitants [3] Cantons
1st Mizque 26,659 Mizque 2.677 Cauta, Mizque, Molinero, Taboada, Tin Tin, Vicho Vicho
2nd Vila Vila 4,591 Vila Vila 426 Siquimira, Vila Vila
3rd Alalay 4.931 Alalay 638 Alalay, Ayapampa

Geography[edit]

Mizque Province is home to a great diversity of ecoregions because it contains a wide variety of topographic features with heights ranging between 2,000 and 3,600 m. The province belongs to the Julpe-Mizque basin with an area of 3,845 km².

The main rivers are:

  • Mizque River, 75 km
  • Julpe River, 60 km
  • Uyuchama River, 50 km
  • Tujma River, 45 km
  • Kari Kari River, 42 km
  • Vicho Vicho River, 32 km

Although there is a large amount of superficial and sub-superficial water within the province, the zone is suffering from drought due to the lack of irrigation systems.

Climate[edit]

The climate is dry. There are a few irregular rainfalls and long periods of drought. The medium annual temperature varies between 16 to 18 °C. During the rainy season ("summer"), corresponding to the months from December to March, the province receives 87% of the annual precipitation, in December and January alone 57%, often occurring as hailstorms. During the dry season ("winter") the temperature goes down radically and snowfalls occur. The annual precipitation is between 300 and 700 mm, reaching 507 mm annually on an average.

Flora[edit]

The semiarid and arid regions are covered with plants which are tolerant towards dry conditions. 75% of the total area of Mizque Province is cultivated.

Fauna[edit]

Red-fronted Macaw Ara rubrogenys

The Red-fronted Macaws (Ara rubrogenys), endemic to a small mountainous area of Bolivia, can be observed in Mizque. This species is considered to be endangered due to intense agriculture activity which has reduced its habitat. The problem is that the peasants of some zones look upon them as a plague because they raid the maize in the fields. There is a chance that they might be regarded as one of the tourist attractions of the region.[4]

The People[edit]

The majority of the population of the Mizque Province lives in the rural area in communities far apart from each other. The lack of good roads makes trade and providing services difficult. The land in some areas is quite dry and not appropriate for farming. That may be some of the reasons why the Human Development Index in the municipalities of Mizque is among the lowest in Bolivia (0.365, 0.400 and 0.460), placing them in the positions 284 (Mizque), 305 (Vila Vila) and 298 (Alalay) out of 314 municipalities.[5]

The conditions of life are especially critical in the puna and remote communities. The level of income of a peasant family in the high zones or in the dryland is estimated at 200 - 250 US-$ per year.

Some data:[6]

Mizque Province
Municipality Mizque Vila Vila Alalay
Nacional ranking (out of 314) 284 305 298
Human Development Index (2001) 0.430 0.365 0.400
Life Expectancy Index 0.453 0.394 0.540
Education Index 0.509 0.454 0.440
Life expectancy (years) 52.2 48.7 57.4
Literacy of adults (% of 15 years old and more) 61.4 55.9 66.2
Average years of schooling 3.1 2.1 2.8
Population census 2001 26,659 4,591 4,931
Percentage of rural population 90.0% 100.0% 100.0%

There are 182 rural communities within the territory of the province situated in heights between 2,000 m in the template valleys and 3,600 m in the puna.

Language[edit]

The predominant language is Quechua, spoken by 32,212 inhabitants and about 11,482 inhabitants are bilingual. They can speak Spanish as well. The following table shows the number of those belonging to the recognized group of speakers.[7]

Language Mizque Municipality Vila Vila Municipality Alalay Municipality
Quechua 24.212 4.229 4.529
Aymara 172 11 12
Guaraní 8 5 9
Another native 10 2 1
Spanish 8.378 789 1.002
Foreign 41 6 4
Only native 16.499 3.493 3.549
Native and Spanish 7.753 742 987
Only Spanish 626 47 15

Economy[edit]

The economic activity is concentrated on agriculture and animal husbandry and to a minor extent on mining and crafts. The most important sectors in agriculture are the cultivation of potatoes, maize, wheat, peanuts, barley and onions.

Festivals and Fairs[edit]

  • 2nd week in May: Fruit fair in Mizque, 1 day
  • July 16: Our Lady of Mount Carmel in Alalay, 3 days
  • September 8–14: Our Lord of Burgos (Señor de Burgos) in Mizque, 7 days
  • September 23–25: Virgen Mestiza de Shikimira in Vila Vila, 3 days

References[edit]

  1. ^ www.ine.gov.bo
  2. ^ www.enlared.org.bo
  3. ^ world-gazetteer.com
  4. ^ www.pieb.com.bo (Spanish)
  5. ^ cdteca.enlared.org.bo (Spanish)
  6. ^ Informe sobre Desarollo Humano (Spanish)
  7. ^ obd.descentralizacion.gov.bo (Spanish)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°00′S 66°00′W / 18.000°S 66.000°W / -18.000; -66.000