Mlyniv

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Mlyniv
Млинів
Urban-type settlement
Flag of Mlyniv
Flag
Coat of arms of Mlyniv
Coat of arms
Mlyniv is located in Rivne Oblast
Mlyniv
Mlyniv
Location of Mlyniv in Ukraine
Mlyniv is located in Ukraine
Mlyniv
Mlyniv
Mlyniv (Ukraine)
Coordinates: 50°30′50″N 25°36′24″E / 50.51389°N 25.60667°E / 50.51389; 25.60667Coordinates: 50°30′50″N 25°36′24″E / 50.51389°N 25.60667°E / 50.51389; 25.60667
Country  Ukraine
Province  Rivne Oblast
District Mlyniv Raion
First mentioned 1445
Town status 1959
Government
 • Town Head Serhiy Vorobei
Area
 • Total 20.52 km2 (7.92 sq mi)
Elevation[1] 191 m (627 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 8,446
 • Density 410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code 35100
Area code +380 3659
Website http://rada.gov.ua/

Mlyniv (Ukrainian: Млинів; Polish: Młynów) is an urban-type settlement in Rivne Oblast (province) in western Ukraine. Mlyniv is also the administrative center of Mlyniv Raion (district), housing the district's local administration buildings. Its population was 8,446 as of the 2001 Ukrainian Census.[2] Current population: 8,401 (2017 est.)[3]

The settlement is located on the banks of the Ikva River, a tributary of the Styr.[2] Before the Nazi German and Soviet invasions of Poland the village was located in the Wołyń Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic.[4]

A settlement named Muravytsi or Moravytsi (Ukrainian: Муравиці, Моравиці) first appeared in the town's current borders around 1149. Mlyniv itself was first founded as a village in 1508; it was granted Magdeburg rights by the Polish king in 1789, before the Second Partition of Poland. It acquired the status of an urban-type settlement in 1959 in Soviet Ukraine.

World War II history[edit]

Before the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939 during World War II, Młynów was a Polish and Jewish town and a Catholic parish in powiat Dubno. The invading Red Army stationed in the area for two years. A number of prominent Polish families were sent to Siberia by the NKVD in 1940.[4][5] Młynów was overrun by the German army in Operation Barbarossa of 1941. Between 1942 and 1945 it was one of many sites of massacres of Poles and Jews committed by the death squads of Ukrainian Insurgent Army and the local Ukrainian peasants.[6] Notably, the Ukrainian sotnia led by Hryrory Levko ("Kruk") operated in the area until 1947,[7] long after the Soviet counter-offensive of 1944.[6] The Polish self-defence in Młynów managed to hold back the repeated raids by the Ukrainian nationalists as one of only several such outpost, which also included the civilian defence of Kurdybań Warkowicki, Lubomirka, Klewań, Rokitno, Budki Snowidowickie, and Osty. Their survival could be at least partly explained by the Nazi German presence there before the Soviet takeover. During the Polish population transfers (1944–46) the remaining Polish inhabitants of Młynów (now,Mlyniv) have been expelled.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mlyniv (Rivne Oblast, Mlyniv Raion)". weather.in.ua. Retrieved 9 February 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Mlyniv, Rivne Oblast, Mlyniv Raion". Regions of Ukraine and their Structure (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 9 February 2012. [permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Strony o Wołyniu (August 2006). "Miasteczko, wieś Młynów, gmina Młynów, powiat Dubno, woj. wołyńskie". Wolyn.ovh.org. Including location map and names of prominent individuals. 
  5. ^ Списки жертв (2016). "Ровенская обл., Млынов". Польские спецпереселенцы в Архангельской обл. Lists.memo.ru. 
  6. ^ a b c Zarys ogólny wydarzeń. Ludobójstwo dokonane przez nacjonalistów ukraińskich na ludności polskiej Wołynia 1939-1945 by Władysław Siemaszko and Ewa Siemaszko. 9 November 2007. Placówki i ośrodki (bazy) samoobrony (excerpts). Archived from the original on 9 November 2007 – via Internet Archive. 
  7. ^ Grzegorz Rąkowski (2006). Polska egzotyczna, Part 2. Oficyna Wydawnicza "Rewasz". p. 371. ISBN 8389188562. 

External links[edit]