|Dr Mohamed Ibrahim|
Mo Ibrahim at the 2007 World Economic Forum on Africa in Cape Town
|Born||1946 (age 68–69)
|Residence||Monte Carlo, Monaco/Mayfair, London, United Kingdom|
|Alma mater||Alexandria University, University of Bradford, University of Birmingham|
|Net worth||US$1.1 billion|
Dr Mohamed "Mo" Ibrahim (Arabic: محمد إبراهيم; born 1946) is a Sudanese-British mobile communications entrepreneur and billionaire. He worked for several other telecommunications companies before founding Celtel, which when sold had over 24 million mobile phone subscribers in 14 African countries. After selling Celtel in 2005 for $3.4 billion, he set up the Mo Ibrahim Foundation to encourage better governance in Africa, as well as creating the Mo Ibrahim Index, to evaluate nations' performance. He is also a member of the Africa Regional Advisory Board of London Business School.
In 2007 he initiated the Mo Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership, which awards a $5 million initial payment, and a $200,000 annual payment for life to African heads of state who deliver security, health, education and economic development to their constituents and democratically transfer power to their successors. Dr Ibrahim has pledged to give at least half of his wealth to charity by joining The Giving Pledge.
Early life and education
Born in Sudan, Ibrahim earned a Bachelor of Science from Alexandria University in Electrical Engineering. He started working in England and earned a master's degree from the University of Bradford in Electronics and Electrical Engineering, and a PhD from the University of Birmingham in Mobile Communications.
In 2007 Ibrahim was awarded an Honorary Doctorate in Economics by the University of London's School of Oriental and African Studies, and in 2011 an Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree from the University of Pennsylvania.
A respected international philanthropist, Mo Ibrahim is credited with "transforming a continent" and is thought to be the "most powerful black man in Britain".
During the early 1980s Ibrahim taught undergraduate telecommunication courses at Thames Polytechnic later to become University of Greenwich.
In 1989 he founded MSI, a consultancy and software company, which in 2000 was bought by the Marconi Company. MSI had 800 employees, who owned approximately 30% of the stock at the point of its sale; Ibrahim says he gave employees stock as a form of bonus.
In 1998, MSI spun off MSI-Cellular Investments, later renamed Celtel, as a mobile phone operator in Africa.
Mo Ibrahim Foundation
In 2006 Ibrahim created the Mo Ibrahim Foundation, founded in London. In 2007, the Foundation inaugurated the Mo Ibrahim Prize for Achievement in African Leadership, with the first recipient former president Joaquim Chissano of Mozambique.
The Foundation publishes the Ibrahim Index of African Governance, ranking the performance of all 53 African countries. Until 2009, the Index took into account only the 48 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Marriage and family
Ibrahim has a daughter Hadeel Ibrahim, executive director of the Mo Ibrahim foundation, and a son Hosh Ibrahim, and commutes from the tax haven of Monaco to the United Kingdom, where he resides in Mayfair, London.
- "Mohammed Ibrahim – Forbes". Forbes. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
- Geraldine Bedell, "The man giving Africa a brighter future", The Observer, 1 February 2009, accessed 5 February 2011
- "The Mo Ibrahim Foundation Board". Mo Ibrahim Foundation. Archived from the original on 8 November 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- "SOAS Honorary Fellows". SOAS.
- "Interview with Mo Ibrahim, founder and former Chairman of Celtel". Jeune Afrique, via Celtel.com (Groupe Jeune Afrique). Archived from the original on 21 October 2007. Retrieved 29 September 2007.
- "Mohammed Ibrahim". Forbes.
- "Mozambique ex-leader wins prize". BBC News. 22 October 2007. Retrieved 22 October 2007.
- Mo Ibrahim Foundation, Official Website
- Michela Wrong, "Mo Ibrahim" New Statesman, 17 October 2005
- Profile from the New Yorker