Moa Anbessa is an album by EthiopiansaxophonistGetatchew Mekuria with Dutchpost-punk band The Ex and guests, released in 2006 on The Ex's subsidiary label Terp. The project came together on the heels of The Ex's previous studio album Turn, which incorporated elements of Eritrean and Congolese music alongside a tribute to the Ethiojazz anthems of Getatchew Mekuria. The Ex had toured Ethiopia twice and then invited Mekuria to perform at their 25th anniversary show in Amsterdam where he proposed that The Ex be the backup band for his next album. In addition to Moa Anbessa, the collaboration yielded tours of Europe and North America as well as an official live DVD released by Buda Music, producers of the influential Ethiopiques series of ethiojazz compilations.
In addition to Mekuria and The Ex's core two-guitar/drums/vocals line up, Moa Anbessa and the tours surrounding it featured additional brass and reed work from Canadianalto sax player Brodie West, Frenchclarinetist Xavier Charles, and Dutch trombonist Joost Buis who had previously played with the band in their Ex Orkest project. The Ex also reunited with Scottish bass player Colin McLean with whom they had toured and co-released records in the late 1980s when both McLean and Andy Moor were members of the Dog Faced Hermans.
The name "Moa Anbessa", Amharic for "The Conquering Lion", refers to a political party made up of Ethiopians who support a constitutional monarchy. The party was created by exiled titular emperor Amha Selassie I to operate as the political wing of the crown. As an album title, it makes note both of Mekuria's support of the royal family, as well as his own "return to the throne" of Ethiopian jazz.