Landscape in Moatize
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Moatize is the principle town and administrative center of Moatize District in western Mozambique's Tete Province. It is located on the eastern side of the Zambezi River at the confluence of the Moatize and Revuboe Rivers. After Tete, it is the second largest urban area, by population, in western Mozambique.
The economy of Moatize is based in the extraction of natural resources, specifically coking coal. The surrounding coal basin has an estimated 2.5 billion tons of coal. In 2006, VALE, a Brazilian company gained a concession to build and operate a coal mine at Moatize to export coal via rail to Beira, a Mozambican port. As of 2012, eight mining companies operated within the greater Moatize area, including Riversdale Mining, an Australian company.
Additionally, there are several small-scale businesses located in and around Moatize that cater to international businessmen engaged in the coal mining industry, including several small hotels, restaurants, and night clubs.
Mozambique's N7 Highway, the principle paved route heading east to Malawi, passes through town. Moatize is also the terminal stop on the rehabilitated Sena Railway that links western Mozambique to the port city of Beira. To fully operationalize the line, approximately 670 km of railway was upgraded at a cost of $375m. The first train in more than two decades reached Moatize on January 30, 2010. A second rail line connecting the Moatize basin with a new coal harbour at Nacala-a-Velha started operating in 2015. Construction of a third rail line connecting the Moatize basin with the Indian Ocean coast at Macuse, Zambezia, is now scheduled to start in 2017, after struggling with financing difficulties.
- Rosenfeld, D. 2012. The coal mining sector in Mozambique: A simple model for predicting government revenue. Maputo: Instituto de Estudos Sociais e Económicos.
- Riversdale Mining Limited
- Australian Financial Review, 24 November 2007, p16
- Railway gazette article
- Mozambique’s port of Nacala, Mozambique to start exporting coal
- Construction of new port and railway in Mozambique begins in 2017
- "Mozambique: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
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