|Born||1968 (age 46–47)
Sparkhill, Birmingham, England, UK
Pakistani police (Inter-Services Intelligence)
|Released||26 January 2005
Paddington Green Police Station, London, England, UK
|Citizenship||United Kingdom, Pakistan|
|Detained at||Kandahar; Bagram; Guantanamo Bay detention camp|
|Occupation||Director of Cageprisoners|
|Parents||Azmat Begg (father)|
Moazzam Begg (Urdu: مُعَظّم بیگ; born 1968, Sparkhill, Birmingham) is a British Pakistani who was held in extrajudicial detention by the US government in the Bagram Theater Internment Facility and the Guantanamo Bay detainment camp, in Cuba, for nearly three years after being arrested in Pakistan in February 2002. Arrested by Pakistani police at his home, he was transferred to the custody of US Army officers, who took him first to their detention centre at Bagram, Afghanistan.
The Pentagon claimed Begg was an enemy combatant and al-Qaeda member, who recruited for al-Qaeda, provided money for their training camps, and trained at their camps in Afghanistan to fight US or allied troops. Begg has said he spent time at two Islamic training camps in Afghanistan, supported militant Muslim fighters, bought a rifle and a handgun, and was acquainted with persons linked to terrorism, but he denies the remainder of the US's allegations.
Begg says that when he was incarcerated at Bagram, he was abused, which the Pentagon denies. He stated that he witnessed two detainees being beaten to death while detained at Bagram. After an investigation, in 2005 United States officials concluded the detainees were murdered by American soldiers.
The UK government intervened on behalf of its citizens detained at Guantanamo; most were released in 2004. President George W. Bush had Begg released without charge on 25 January 2005. The Pentagon, CIA, and FBI objected, stating there was a possibility that Begg was a terrorist. Begg and other British citizens who had been detained at Guantanamo sued the British government for complicity in their alleged abuse and torture while in the custody of the United States. In November 2010, the British Government announced that it had reached an out of court financial settlement with several men, including Begg.
After his release, Begg became a commentator on radio and television on issues pertaining to the UK Muslim community, and UK and worldwide anti-terror measures. He toured as a speaker, lecturing about his time in Guantanamo and other detention facilities. Referring to the War in Afghanistan, he said he completely supported the inalienable right of the people to fight "foreign occupation". Begg co-authored a book, and has written newspaper and magazine articles.
In 2010, Gita Sahgal, then the head of Amnesty International's gender unit, publicly criticised her organisation for its association with Begg, who was speaking about Guantanamo and trying to persuade nations to accept released detainees who could not return to their countries of origin. She said the association was "a gross error of judgment". She was suspended and later resigned.
On 25 February 2014, Begg was arrested by the West Midlands police on suspicion of attending a terrorist training camp and facilitating terrorism overseas. West Midlands Police said: "This is an arrest, not a charge, and ... our naming does not imply any guilt."
On 1 March 2014, Begg was charged with providing terrorist training and funding terrorism overseas, regarding Syria, and appeared at Westminster Magistrates' Court, entering a plea of not guilty. He appeared along with a woman, Gerrie Tahari, 44, from Sparkbrook, Birmingham, also accused of funding terrorism overseas. He was scheduled for a plea hearing on 14 July 2014, provisionally followed by a trial at the Old Bailey on 6 October 2014. On 1 October 2014, it was announced that the seven Syria-related terror charges against him had been dropped, and that he would be released from HMP Belmarsh the same day. In the coverage of his release a CPS spokesperson stated 'If we had been made aware of all of this information at the time of charging, we would not have charged.'
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Afghanistan, Pakistan, July 2001 – February 2002: arrest
- 3 Detention in Afghanistan
- 4 Detention in Guantanamo Bay
- 5 Release
- 6 Post-release: January 2005–present
- 7 Public positions
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Early life and education
Begg, born in England to Malaysian Muslim parents who immigrated to the UK, holds dual UK–Pakistani citizenship. He was born in Sparkhill, a suburb of Birmingham, and his mother died when he was six. His father, Azmat Begg, a former bank manager, was born in British India and lived in Pakistan before emigrating to Great Britain. Begg grew up in Moseley.
His father sent him to the Jewish King David School, Birmingham, from age 5 to 11, because he thought it promoted good values. Begg later attended Moseley Secondary School. During high school, he became a member of the Lynx Gang, a Birmingham street gang. The group was mostly Pakistani, but also included Algerians, Asians, Afro-Caribbeans and Irish people.
They banded together to fight persecution by far right anti-immigrant groups. He said "we did things that no good Muslim should", but stated he rarely did anything violent. He appeared in court for taking part in a fight with skinheads. Begg attended Solihull College, and University of Wolverhampton.
UK, Afghanistan, Bosnia, 1993–98
On a family holiday to Saudi Arabia and Pakistan in his late teens, Begg became interested in Islam. In late 1993 he returned to Pakistan, and crossed the Pakistani–Afghan border with the leader of the Lynx Gang, Syed Murad Meah Butt (known as Niaaz), and some fellow young Pakistanis near the city of Khost. Begg said he met with nationalist and Islamic rebels (mujahedeen) and spent two weeks in a training camp run by either the anti-Taliban Northern Alliance or a Pakistani group (run by Jamat-e-Islam) fighting for Kashmir. People were being trained to use Kalashnikovs and handguns, and in mountain tactics and guerrilla methods. Begg later wrote of his time at the training camp: "I had met men who seemed to me exemplary in their faith and self-sacrifice, and seen a world that awed and inspired me." Begg says he did not participate in the training.
Inspired by the commitment of the mujahedeen, he states he later traveled to Bosnia in the early 1990s to help the Muslims during its civil war. He said he was "terribly affected by some of the stories ... of the atrocities taking place there", and supported militant Muslims. In 1994 he joined a charity that worked with Muslims in Bosnia. He states he "very briefly" joined the Bosnian Army Foreign Volunteer Force. He said: "In Bosnia, I did fight for a while. But I saw people horribly damaged, and I thought, This is not for me." Begg first met Khalil Deek in Bosnia.
Begg also tried to travel to Chechnya during its struggle with Russia. While he thought that "fighting wasn't out of the question", he states he did not participate in the armed struggle. He gave financial support to the Muslim fighters.
Begg was arrested in 1994 charged with conspiracy to defraud the Department of Social Security. His friend and fellow "Lynx Gang" member Syed Murad Meah Butt was also charged, pleaded guilty, and served 18 months in jail. The fraud charges against Begg were subsequently dropped.
A search of his home by anti-terrorist police reportedly found night vision goggles, a bulletproof vest, and "extremist Islamic literature". Other items included a flak jacket for protection against shrapnel from mines in Bosnia (one of the most heavily mined countries in the world), and a hand-held night vision lens, to help navigate Bosnian streets that lacked electricity. He denied owning any "extremist Islamic literature" and noted the items seized were no different from what many aid workers operating in conflict zones might carry. His father said Begg had been collecting military paraphernalia as a hobby since childhood.
In 2005, after Begg's detention at Guantanamo became public knowledge, the US Justice Department alleged he had “received extensive training in al-Qaeda terrorist camps since 1993.” Pentagon officials said that Begg trained at three terrorist camps associated with al-Qaeda. While at the training camps, he reportedly trained to use handguns, AK-47 rifles, and RPGs and to plan ambushes. The statement identified Begg as “a member of al-Qaeda and affiliated organisations”, who was “engaged in hostilities against the United States and its coalition partners” in Afghanistan and said he “provided support to al-Qaeda terrorists, by providing shelter for their families while the al-Qaeda terrorists committed terrorist acts”.
Marriage and move to Pakistan
In 1995 Begg married. He and his family moved to Peshawar, Pakistan in early 1998. Khalil Deek also lived in Peshawar at that time. The US 9/11 Commission later described him as an associate of Abu Zubaydah, believed then to be a senior al-Qaeda lieutenant, who they said was in Peshawar to recruit men to train at Afghan camps. The CIA and MI5 suspected Begg worked with Deek to create a CD-ROM terrorist manual. Begg said in an interview that he met Deek in Bosnia and went in together with him on a business deal, but said he never met Zubaydah. Pentagon officials said that conflicts with what he told interrogators.
Begg notes that he visited a second Afghan training camp, near Jalalabad, for two or three days during that time. He states it was run by Iraqi Kurds, not by al-Qaeda. They were training to use improvised incendiary grenades to fight Saddam Hussein. He donated a few hundred British pounds to that camp and a third training camp. A Pentagon spokesman said Begg spent five days in early 1998 at Derunta, an al-Qaeda-affiliated Afghan training camp. Defense Department officials said that Begg's sworn statements state he trained at Derunta and two other Afghan camps. He denied saying that, but acknowledged signing some documents while in custody because he feared for his life.
Guantanamo files leaked in 2011 reveal that the Department of Defense had secretly concluded that Begg was a "confirmed member of al-Qaida," and that he had been an instructor at the Derunta training camp, as well as having attended the al-Badr and Harakat aI-Ansar training camps.
UK, 1998–2001: arrest and raids
Begg returned to Birmingham in 1998, opening an Islamic book and video store. The Maktabah Al Ansar bookshop in Sparkhill, Birmingham, became a gathering place. Some of the patrons were on British and US government watch lists. MI5 first raided it the following year. A former employee of the bookshop and co-worker of Begg, identified only as 'D', was an Algerian illegal immigrant who was placed under a control order on 18 December 2001. D had previously been convicted in France for membership in the terrorist organisation Groupe Islamique Armé, and was alleged to have been in contact with numerous individuals convicted of terrorist offences, including Djamel Beghal, Brahim Benmerzouga, Baghdad Meziane, and Abu Qatada.
In 1999, Begg through his bookstore commissioned and published a book by Dhiren Barot about his experiences in Kashmir, entitled The Army of Madinah in Kashmir. Barot had undergone training in Pakistan and Afghanistan, and joined the insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir against India. He was later referred to as bin Laden's "UK General", convicted in Britain of being an al-Qaeda terrorist, and sentenced to 40 years in jail. Barot wrote the book under the alias Esa Al Hindi. Barot wrote in the book: "Terror works, and that is why the believers are commanded to enforce it by Allah." The book was used as evidence against Barot at his trial for planning a "dirty bomb" attack on London, in which he was convicted.
In February 2000, dozens of Special Branch and MI5 officers investigating Islamic terrorism raided the bookshop, took away books, files, and computers, questioned staff, and arrested Begg under British anti-terrorism laws. They found the bookstore offered titles such as The Virtues of Jihad and Declaration of War. Begg was released without charge. Begg's father said the British government retrieved encrypted files from his son's computer, and ordered Begg to open them, but Begg refused. A judge ruled in Begg's favour.
Ruhal Ahmed was later a fellow Guantanamo detainee, one of the so-called 'Tipton Three,' young men from the same town in Britain. While incarcerated, he is alleged to have told investigators that he had first become interested in jihad in summer 2000 after purchasing numerous books on jihad from the Maktabah Al Ansar bookshop.
Begg's home in the U.K. was raided by anti-terrorist police in the summer of 2001. They took his computer and some related materials, but did not press charges.
Afghanistan, Pakistan, July 2001 – February 2002: arrest
With his wife Zaynab and three young children, Begg moved to Kabul, Afghanistan, in late July 2001. At the time, the Taliban ruled Afghanistan. Begg saw it as a low-cost place to raise a family, and a place where his wife and children would not be harassed for their race. He wrote in his autobiography that by 2001 the Taliban had made "some modest progress — in social justice and upholding pure, old Islamic values forgotten in many Islamic countries." Begg has since criticised the Taliban for its human rights abuses.
He says that he moved to Kabul because he was moved by the plight of the Afghan people living under the Taliban regime and to fulfil his dream of being a teacher. Begg says while still in the UK, he had begun sponsoring a school for basic education, providing books, teaching materials, and classroom and playground equipment. He says he was in the process of starting the school, and was going to be a charity worker at it. He intended it to teach both boys and girls, although the Taliban regime opposed education for females and had not given him a license. Begg states he also intended to build wells.
In his book Enemy Combatant, Begg recalls telling two US agents who visited him in his Guantanamo Bay cell that:
I wanted to live in an Islamic state–one that was free from the corruption and despotism of the rest of the Muslim world.... I knew you wouldn't understand. The Taliban were better than anything Afghanistan has had in the past 25 years.
The Allied attack on Afghanistan began in October 2001, and following the Taliban's defeat, a US Justice Department dossier on Begg indicates that he joined their retreat to the Tora Bora mountains. The Pentagon asserts that he was “prepared to fight in the front line against allied forces.” While in Afghanistan, he bought a rifle and handgun. He said that he and his family evacuated to Islamabad in Pakistan for safety. He became separated from his family for three weeks. He and several other men were guided over the mountains in western Pakistan, and he reunited with his family by mid-November.
Al-Qaeda's Derunta training camp, 15 miles (24 km) from Jalalabad, was captured in November 2001. In the camp were found al-Qaeda training books, sketches of bombs, bomb-building manuals, lists of potential targets, and a photocopy of a wire transfer moving funds from the Habib Bank AG Zurich to Moazzam Begg in Karachi. US and Pakistani officials did not yet know who Begg was. Begg maintains that he is unaware of such a transaction, and that no one has shown him the document.
In February 2002, Begg was arrested at his rented home in Islamabad, by Pakistani police officers on suspicion of links with the Taliban or al-Qaeda. His family maintains it was a case of mistaken identity. After several weeks, the Pakistanis transferred him over to United States Army officers. He was taken back to Kabul by car.
Detention in Afghanistan
Begg was held at Bagram Theater Internment Facility for approximately a year, from February 2002 to February 2003. He states he was tortured at Bagram, hog-tied, kicked, punched, left in a room with a bag put over his head (even though he suffered from asthma), sworn at, and threatened with extraordinary rendition to Egypt.
Pentagon spokesman Bryan Whitman said at the time, there was "no credible evidence that Begg was ever abused by US forces", and US intelligence officials insisted Begg exaggerated the harshness of his treatment. The Department of Defense conducted three investigations, and "found no evidence to substantiate his claims."
In a July 2004 letter, Begg wrote of "threats of torture, actual torture, death threats, racial and religious abuse", "cruel and unusual treatment", and that "documents ... were signed under duress". He also wrote: "This culminated, in my opinion, with the deaths of two fellow detainees, at the hands of US military personnel, to which I myself was partially witness". Begg stated that while at Bagram, he saw two other detainees (Dilawar and Habibullah) being beaten so badly that he believed the beatings caused their deaths. At the time DOD denied his account. In an investigation whose results were reported in May 2005, the Department of Defense confirmed Begg's account of the deaths of two Afghan detainees, and said they had been murdered via mistreatment by American soldiers.
Detention in Guantanamo Bay
Conditions and purported admissions
Begg was transferred on 2 February 2003 to United States military custody at Guantanamo Bay detention camp. In a February 2003 editorial in Gulf News, Linda Heard reported that Begg had told his parents in a letter that he did not know what he was accused of and was beginning to feel hopeless and depressed. He later confessed to being part of a plot to spray the Palace of Westminster with anthrax, a plan which seemed to security experts to be beyond his level of expertise.
Begg was held in Guantanamo Bay for just under two years, often in solitary confinement. The US government considered Begg an enemy combatant, and claimed that he trained at al-Qaeda terrorist camps in Afghanistan. He was not charged with any crime and reportedly was not allowed to consult legal counsel for the majority of the time he spent there.
A 9 October 2003 memo summarising a meeting between General Geoffrey Miller and his staff and Vincent Cassard of the International Committee of the Red Cross said that camp authorities did not permit them to have access to Begg, due to "military necessity", an exception allowed by the Geneva Conventions.
In a July 2004 letter, Begg said he was not tortured in Guantanamo, though the conditions were "torturous". Late in 2004, Clive Stafford Smith (a British-born lawyer working in the US) visited Begg and said he heard "credible and consistent evidence" from Begg of torture, including the use of strappado. The Pentagon maintains that torture was prohibited at Guantanamo Bay, that all credible allegations of abuse are investigated, and that "the United States operates a safe, humane and professional detention operation at Guantanamo that is providing valuable information on the War on Terrorism."
Begg's American lawyer, Gitanjali Gutierrez of the Center for Constitutional Rights, received a handwritten letter from him, dated 12 July 2004, addressed to the US Forces Administration at Guantanamo Bay. It was copied to Begg's lawyers and the US authorities agreed to declassify it. Its full text was passed to his British lawyer, Gareth Peirce. He insisted: "I am a law-abiding citizen of the UK, and attest vehemently to my innocence, before God and the law, of any crime — though none has even been alleged".
Known and suspected contacts with extremists and suspected extremists
|Shahid Akram Butt|
|Omar Saeed Sheikh|
|Abu Hamza al-Masri|
|Richard C. Reid||
|Ibn al-Shaykh al-Libi||
|Mahmoud Abu Rideh||
Following the United States Supreme Court decision in Rasul v. Bush (2004), in which the court ruled that detainees had habeas corpus rights and could challenge their detention, the US government quickly developed a system of Combatant Status Review Tribunals, Administrative Review Boards, and military commissions to provide the detainees with an "impartial tribunal" for reviewing their cases. Detainees could not call counsel, could not review the evidence against them, and had allegations made that were dependent on hearsay evidence. The British government protested subjecting their citizens to the planned Guantanamo tribunals, because due process rights were severely curtailed.
On 11 January 2005, the British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw announced that, after "intensive and complex discussions" between his government and the US, the remaining four British nationals in Guantanamo Bay would be returned "within weeks". While they were still regarded as "enemy combatants" by the US government, it had brought no specific charges against them. Bush released Begg as a favour to Prime Minister Tony Blair, reported The New York Times and CNN.
On 25 January 2005, Begg and the three other British citizen detainees (Feroz Abbasi, Martin Mubanga, and Richard Belmar) were flown to RAF Northolt in west London. On arrival they were arrested under the Terrorism Act 2000 by officers from the Metropolitan Police and taken to Paddington Green Police Station for questioning by anti-terrorist officers. By 9 pm on 26 January, all four had been released without charge.
Post-release: January 2005–present
US assertions of Begg's ties to terrorism
Bush released Begg over the objections of the Pentagon, the CIA, and the FBI, overruling most of his senior national security advisers, who were concerned that Begg could be a dangerous terrorist. In 2006, the Pentagon still maintained that he was a terrorist.
After Begg's release, Bryan Whitman, a Defense Department spokesman, described Begg as follows: "He has strong, long-term ties to terrorism — as a sympathizer, as a recruiter, as a financier and as a combatant." Whitman added, quoting from a single-spaced eight-page confession that Begg made while incarcerated, that Begg said:
I was armed and prepared to fight alongside the Taliban and al-Qaeda against the U.S. and others, and eventually retreated to Tora Bora to flee from U.S. forces when our front lines collapsed. ... [I] knowingly provided comfort and assistance to al-Qaeda members by housing their families, helped distribute al-Qaeda propaganda, and received members from terrorist camps knowing that certain trainees could become al-Qaeda operatives and commit acts of terrorism against the United States.
Begg maintains the confession is false, and that he gave it while under duress. Evidence gained under torture or coercion is not considered admissible in a court of law. Whitman said Begg was trying to recant his confession, and US intelligence officials maintain that Begg's statement is accurate. The Department of Justice's Office of the Inspector General (OIG) investigated Begg's claim that the FBI forced him to sign his confession. The OIG "concluded that the evidence did not support the allegation that [FBI agents] coerced Begg into signing the statement."
Former military interrogator Christopher Hogan said: "He provided us with excellent information routinely ... I don't think he was the mastermind of 9/11, but nor do I think he was just an innocent." The New York Times reported in June 2006, "Of nearly 20 American military and intelligence officials who were interviewed about Begg, none thought he had been wrongly detained. But some said they doubted that he could be tied to any terrorist acts."
In February 2005, British Home Secretary Charles Clarke refused to issue Begg a passport. He did so based on information obtained while Begg was in US custody. He said "there are strong grounds for believing that, on leaving the UK, [Begg] would take part in activities against the United Kingdom or allied targets."
In July 2014, Begg was charged with terrorist activities related to his actions in the Syrian civil war, including attending a terrorist training camp. In October 2014, all charges against him were dropped. According to The Guardian, the case against Begg was dropped after documents were disclosed before the trial showing that MI5 had been aware of and consented to his travels to Syria, partly as his car had been "bugged" for a year by MI5.
Since his release, Begg has stated he is against attacks such as 9/11 and that he supported those fighting against British soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan.
He founded the non-profit organization and advocacy group Cageprisoners, to represent those detainees still held at Guantanamo, as well as help those who have been released to get services and integrate into society. He has traveled on speaking tours, and worked with governments of countries to persuade them to accept former detainees for resettlement.
Following the 2014 Peshawar school massacre,in which over 130 pupils and teachers were killed by the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, Begg wrote a comment on Facebook which was reported in his home town's main newspaper, The Birmingham Post. Begg stated that 'It is time to stop this cycle of uncontrolled rage and internecine violence that will only drive us to the pits of hell. Incessant calls for revenge each time need to be tempered with reflections on the consequences of what that means. There are no winners in this'.
Alleged contacts with extremists after release
Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab was the president of the Islamic Society at University College London in 2007, when Begg gave a number of presentations. The Times reported that Begg took part in the 'War on Terror Week' UCL presentations at Abdulmutallab's invitation. The New York Times reported that Abdulmutallab helped organise the week as president of the college's Islamic society. Fabian De Fabiani, a student who attended, said Abdulmutallab was seated "where the lecturer would usually sit, very close [to Begg]".
The Daily Mail reported that a poster for the event, featuring Begg's lecture, bore the name "Umar Farook". Begg said that he does not recall Abdulmutallab, and that he was told that the ‘War on Terror Week’ UCL presentations were organised by Qasim Rafiq, a friend of Abdulmuttalab’s. He was told Abdulmutallab did not attend any of the lectures. Three other presidents of the society in the UK were either been convicted of or arrested for terrorism activity in the year prior to Abdulmutallab's arrest.
Begg interviewed the al-Qaeda leader Anwar al-Awlaki, a former imam in the United States, after the latter was released from jail in Yemen in 2007. Al-Awlaki was invited to address Cageprisoners' Ramadan fundraising dinners in August 2008 at Wandsworth Civic Centre, South London (by videolink, as he is banned from entering the UK), and August 2009 at Kensington Town Hall; the local authority told the group it could not broadcast al-Awlaki's words on its property. Cageprisoners has material about and by al-Awlaki on its website.
After his release, Begg appeared in the video 21st Century CrUSAders, saying that the War on Terrorism is really akin to a war against Islam. The British government considers possession of this film to indicate possible radicalisation.
Begg co-authored a book released in March 2006 about his Guantanamo experiences. It was published in Britain as Enemy Combatant: A British Muslim's Journey To Guantanamo and Back (ISBN 0-7432-8567-0), and in the US as Enemy Combatant: My Imprisonment at Guantanamo, Bagram, and Kandahar (ISBN 1-59558-136-7). It was co-written with Victoria Brittain, a former associate foreign editor of The Guardian. The book followed a play that the two co-wrote, entitled Guantanamo: Honor Bound to Defend Freedom, which played in London, New York, and Washington, D.C.
The book received mixed reviews. Publishers Weekly described it as "a fast-paced, harrowing narrative". "Much of the Moazzam Begg story is consistent with other accounts of detention conditions in both Afghanistan and Guantanamo", said John Sifton, a New York-based official from Human Rights Watch, who interviewed former Guantanamo prisoners in Pakistan and Afghanistan. The Muslim News called it an "open, honest and touching account". Begg was named "best British author" for the book, at the annual Muslim Writers Awards in March 2008.
The New York Times reported "some notable gaps in Mr. Begg's memoir", in that he did not mention his previous arrest. U-T San Diego said: "Begg has been less than forthcoming about his criminal past ... his cooperation with interrogators ... and his ties to terrorism". Jonathan Raban, reviewing it for The New York Review of Books, wrote:
One has the sense of reading not a memoir but a résumé. Like most résumés, it feels airbrushed. It is a strategic (one might almost say a "campaign") biography ... Begg's travels [during the time the US maintains he was with the Taliban] get confusing, and plotting them on an atlas only adds to the reader's puzzlement. ... The gaps in his story — and they're more frustrating than downright suspicious — cease at the moment when Begg enters captivity. ... Enemy Combatant has been praised in Britain for Begg's outstanding liberality of mind and evenhandedness toward his captors.... Unfortunately, these relationships are rendered in long passages of direct speech, and Begg and/or his coauthor are notably talentless at writing dialogue.... Perhaps Begg really did strike up a warm relationship with soldier Jennifer, but all one can say of the words on the page is that they are resoundingly phony. Only in bad fiction do people speak this way, and true though Begg's story may well be in its essential facts, it is very poorly served by line after line of rankly implausible writing.
Lawsuit against the British government
In April 2008, Begg and other former Guantanamo detainees filed lawsuits at Britain's High Court against the British attorney general, Home Secretary, Foreign Secretary, MI5, and MI6, accusing them of unlawful acts, negligence, and conspiracy in their abduction, treatment, and interrogation, and seeking millions of dollars in damages. The government denied the charges, but stated that MI5 had interviewed some detainees and in some instances supplied questions that they wished the prisoners to be asked.
The security service undertook this role because, as the UK agency with the most experience of running intelligence-led counter-terrorist investigations in the UK, it was best placed to understand and utilise the information received about threats against the UK, or involving British nationals.
In November 2010, the British Government announced that it had reached a financial settlement with a number of individuals, including Begg. The British Government said there was no evidence that British officials participated directly in the abuse of prisoners; however, a Public Inquiry was conducted to determine the matter. Similar suits have been filed against the governments of Canada and Australia by former citizen detainees who returned to those countries. Canada settled with Maher Arar in January 2007.
Guantanamo video game, 2009
In 2009 Begg was a technical advisor, and was slated to appear as himself, for the Scottish software company T-Enterprise in the development of a video game entitled Rendition: Guantanamo, for Microsoft's Xbox 360. The game would have put the player in the place of the detainees. Begg was to do three days of sound with the company, and then be 3D-rendered into the game.
Begg had a financial stake in the game. He said: "This game will not demean the reality of Guantanamo, but will help to bring those issues to people who would not usually think about it." T-Enterprise hoped to earn £3 million on its £250,000 investment, targeting the Middle East market.
Conservative pundits such as The Weekly Standard 's Tom Joscelyn and radio host Rush Limbaugh reacted negatively to the game and Begg's involvement. The company received numerous complaints vial e-mail about the game. T-Enterprise did not complete the game due to US press coverage, which it described as "inaccurate and ill informed speculation ... many conclusions were reached that have absolutely no foundation whatsoever."
Speaker and activist
As Director for the prisoner rights organisation, Cageprisoners, Begg has appeared in the media and around the country, lecturing on issues pertaining to the UK Muslim community, such as imprisonment without trial, torture, anti-terror legislation and measures, and community relations. He has appeared as a commentator on radio and television interviews and documentaries, including the BBC's Panorama and Newsnight shows, PBS's The Prisoner, Al-Jazeera's Prisoner 345, Taking Liberties, and Torturing Democracy, and National Geographic's Guantanamo's Secrets. He has authored pieces which have appeared in newspapers and magazines.
He has toured as a speaker about his time in detention facilities, calling the British response to terrorism as racist, and disproportionate to anti-terror measures and legislation during the Troubles in Northern Ireland. In January 2009, Begg toured the UK with former Guantanamo guard Christopher Arendt, in the Two Sides, One Story tour.
Begg campaigned against US wartime policy with human rights organisations such as Reprieve, Amnesty International, the Center for Constitutional Rights, PeaceMaker, and Conflicts Forum.
Appeal to Iraqi kidnappers, 2005
On 9 December 2005, Begg made a video appeal to the Swords of Righteousness Brigade, the Iraqi kidnappers of four Christian peace workers. Begg said seeing the peace workers in orange boiler suits reminded him of his own incarceration in Guantanamo Bay. One hostage was killed, and the remaining three were freed in a military operation.
Amnesty International controversy, 2010
In 2010, Gita Sahgal, then head of Amnesty's gender unit, publicly condemned her organisation for its collaboration with Begg because of his association with Cageprisoners, which undertook the "Counter Terror With Justice" campaign, which she says "constitutes a threat to human rights". In a letter to Amnesty's leadership, she said: "To be appearing on platforms with Britain's most famous supporter of the Taliban, whom we treat as a human rights defender, is a gross error of judgment."
Begg filed a complaint with the Press Complaints Commission and notified his attorney to pursue legal action against The Sunday Times. Amnesty International posted a response by Widney Brown, Senior Director for International Law and Policy, on its blog "LiveWire". Salman Rushdie was quoted as stating: "Amnesty ... has done its reputation incalculable damage by allying itself with Moazzam Begg and his group Cageprisoners, and holding them up as human rights advocates. ... Amnesty and Begg have revealed, by their statements and actions, that they deserve our contempt."
- David Ignatius, "A Prison We Need to Escape", The Washington Post, 14 June 2006; accessed 22 June 2014.
- Brancaccio (28 July 2006). "NOW Transcript – Show 230". NOW. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "US Sticks to its Guns on four British Detainees". The Star. South Africa. 28 January 2005. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- Dodds, Palsley (7 March 2006). "In New Book, Former Prisoner Describes Beatings". Times Daily. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- [http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/a-victimwanderlust/386167/ Menon, Lakshman, "A victim of wanderlust?", Business Standard, 19 February 2010; retrieved 8 February 2010.
- Hughes, Simon (29 January 2005). "Cuba Brit in Terror 'Link'". The Sun (London). Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Snow, Jon (24 February 2004). "Moazzam Begg interview: 'Two people were beaten to death'". Channel 4 News. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- OARDEC (15 September 2004). "Response to Tribunal Process – Begg, Moazzam" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. Retrieved 23 February 2010.
- "In U.S. Report, Brutal Details of 2 Afghan Inmates' Deaths". The New York Times. 20 May 2005.
- Golden, Tim (15 June 2006). "Jihadist or Victim: Ex-Detainee Makes a Case". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
- Burns, John F.; Cowell, Alan (16 November 2010). "Britain to Compensate Guantánamo Detainees". The New York Times.
- Fitzgerald, Mary (13 November 2010). "Opinion: Obama is president of extra-judicial killing, says ex-Guantánamo inmate". The Irish Times. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
- Bright, Martin (7 February 2010). "Gita Sahgal: A Statement". The Spectator. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- Ex-Guantanamo detainee Moazzam Begg arrested by terror police
- Ex-Guantanamo man held in Britain over Syria 'terror', Agence France-Presse, 25 February 2014; accessed 22 June 2014.
- "UK ex-Guantanamo detainee Moazzam Begg remanded in custody". BBC. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
- Diaz, Alex, Guantanamo Briton Moazzam Begg faces seven-month wait for hearing on Syria charges, The Independent, 14 March 2014; accessed 22 June 2014.
- Schou, Nick (21 September 2006). "I've Never Been to America. America Came to Me". OC Weekly. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
- Harris, Paul; Wazir, Burhan (29 December 2002). "Briton tells of ordeal in Bush's torture jail". The Observer (London, UK). Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- [http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/jul/05/alqaida.politics1 Dodd, Vikram, "'I am beginning to lose the fight against hopelessness'", The Guardian, 5 July 2003; retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Ajumogobia, Feni (13 November 2007). "Moazzam Begg interview". King's Bench Online. Archived from the original on 11 September 2009. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- Moazzam Begg Interview, Liverpool's The Nerve, Spring 2007
- Hattenstone, Simon (25 February 2006). "Looking for troubles". The Guardian (London, UK). Retrieved 21 February 2010.
- [http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/profiles/passedfailed-an-education-in-the-life-of-moazzam-begg-exguantanamo-bay-detainee-791844.html Sale, Jonathan, "Passed/Failed: An education in the life of Moazzam Begg, ex-Guantanamo Bay detainee", The Independent, 6 March 2008; retrieved 21 February 2010.
- "Who Speaks for Human Rights? (Page 2)". The Nation. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
- "'I never took up arms myself' How Moazzam Begg was arrested", Channel 4 News, 24 February 2005; accessed 22 June 2014.
- Daniel Foggo and Simon Trump "Briton facing US trial in Cuba was arrested by MI5", Daily Telegraph, 6 July 2003.
- Benefit fraud ring funds Islamic terrorists, The Daily Telegraph, 18 November 2001
- "Kidnapped in Yemen: One Woman's Amazing Escape from Captivity". Books.google.com. 3 June 2004. ISBN 1-59228-728-X. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- O'Keeffe, Greg, "Moazzem Begg: I saw a prisoner beaten to death", Liverpool Echo, 2 April 2008, (archive)
- New City terror link, Birmingham Mail, 23 July 2003, (archive)
- Return of the ‘Enemy Combatant: An interview with Moazzan Begg, muslim-minorities.blogspot.com, 14 March 2007; accessed 22 June 2014.
- "Guantánamo Bay files: Profiles of the 10 released British prisoners", Ian Cobain, The Guardian, 25 April 2011.
- King, John (26 October 2006). "Broken Government: Power Play". CNN. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- Raban, Jonathan (5 October 2006). "The Prisoners Speak". The New York Review of Books. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- Special Immigrations Appeals Commission (29 October 2003). "Appeal No: SC/6/2002" (PDF). UK Home Office. p. 2. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- Alleyne, Richard (1 February 2007). "Bookshop linked to Bin Laden's 'general'". The Daily Telegraph (London, UK). Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "At-a-glance: Guantanamo Bay Britons". BBC News. 27 January 2005. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- "Jailed terror plotter is Bin Laden's 'UK general'". Daily Mail (London, UK). 7 November 2006. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- Laville, Sandra, Lewis, Paul, "MI5 tried to recruit founder of bookshop", The Guardian, 1 February 2007; retrieved 20 February 2010
- Barot's terror manual, Metro, 7 November 2006, (archive)
- "Terrorism act raid on bookshop", The Guardian, 1 March 2000.
- Joscelyn, Thomas (30 December 2009). "Al Qaeda's Trojan Horse; Will the failed Christmas Day terror plot finally expose a former Gitmo detainee living in the UK for the jihadist that he is?". The Weekly Standard. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
- United States Department of Defense (28 October 2003). "Recommendation to Retain under DoD Control for Guantanamo Detainee, Rhuhel Ahmed" (PDF). WikiLeaks. p. 1. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- Palmer, Alisdair, "Why did Moazzam Begg travel to Afghanistan?", The Daily Telegraph, 2 April 2006; retrieved 20 February 2010
- Suroor, Hasan (15 February 2010). "Amnesty: caught with strange bedfellows". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Retrieved 1 March 2010.
- Begg, Moazzam (2007) Enemy Combatant: The Terrifying True Story of a Briton in Guantanamo p. 214, Pocket Books; ISBN 978-1-4165-2265-2.
- Kelley, Jack (26 November 2001). "Bin Laden's camps teach curriculum of carnage". USA Today. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Rodgers, Paul, Moazzam Begg: We have to negotiate with al-Qa'ida, The Independent, 7 October 2007, (archive)
- "Inside Bin Laden's chemical bunker", The Guardian, 17 November 2001; retrieved 17 February 2010.
- Branigan, Tania (2 October 2004). "Guantánamo Bay prisoner's letter claims he was witness to murders". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- "Briton held in Cuba". BBC News. 26 February 2003. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Begg's letter to US Forces Administration, 12 July 2004. Retrieved 21 February 2010, hosted by the BBC
- 'Two people were beaten to death': Moazzam Begg interview, Channel 4, 24 February 2005
- Grey, Stephen, "Flight logs reveal secret rendition", The Sunday Times, 25 November 2007; retrieved 20 February 2010.
- Heard, Linda S. (12 February 2003). "Guantanamo's scales of 'justice' are loaded". Gulf News. Retrieved 3 July 2015.
- "Guantanamo Bay detainee speaks at Cathedral". Lancashire Telegraph. 18 March 2008. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- "Guantanamo Four are too dangerous to free, says US", The Daily Telegraph, 8 March 2004.
- "Transcript of interview with Moazzam Begg" (PDF). 7 October 2008. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/nation/documents/GitmoMemo10-09-03.pdf "ICRC Meeting with MG Miller on 9 October 2003", Department of Defense, 9 October 2003.
- "Guantanamo Briton Tortured for Reciting Qur’an: Paper" , Islam Online, 2 January 2005.
- "Guantanamo Briton 'in handcuff torture'", The Guardian, 2 January 2005
- Guantanamo Britons are still a threat, says Blair, The Daily Telegraph, 14 November 2004.
- Cowell, Alan, "U.S. to release last 4 Britons from Guantánamo Bay", The New York Times, 12 January 2005; retrieved 18 February 2010.
- "A letter from Guantanamo: In full", BBC, 11 January 2005.
- American greases al-Qaida media machine, Evan Kohlmann, MSNBC 14 July 2006
- Moazzam Begg on His Imprisonment at Guantanamo, Bagram, and Kandahar Amy Goodman, Democracy Now! 1 August 2006
- Golden, Tim Tough Justice, The New York Times, 25 October 2004
- "Bookshop's messages of racist hate", The Observer, 4 February 2007, (archive)
- Al Hindi, Esa (2000). The Army of Madinah in Kashmir. Maktabah al-Ansar. ISBN 0-9539847-0-2.
- Profile: James McLintock, The Sunday Times 19 April 2009
- Department of Defense (1 November 2007). "Recommendation for Continued Detention under DoD Control for Guantanamo Detainee, Shaker Aamer" (PDF). WikiLeaks. pp. 3, 9. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- Security Council Al-Qaida and Taliban Sanctions Committee (13 March 2009). "Amendment to Entry of one Individual on Consolidated List". United Nations. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- Department of Defense (1 November 2007). "Recommendation for Continued Detention under DoD Control for Guantanamo Detainee, Shaker Aamer" (PDF). WikiLeaks. p. 10. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- Gardham, Duncan; Swami, Praveen (16 December 2010). "British al-Qaeda refugee killed in Afghanistan". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 6 July 2011.
An al-Qaeda leader who was given refugee status in Britain has been killed by an airstrike in Afghanistan after he was released from a control order and rejoined his former associates, it can be disclosed.
- Begg, Moazzam (17 June 2008). "Moazzam Begg Interviews Mahmoud Abu Rideh". Cageprisoners. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
- "UK: Control Orders – Abu Rideh granted document to leave the country, decision welcomed by Amnesty". Amnesty International. 3 July 2009. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2011.
- "Guantánamo four still a threat, says US". The Guardian (London). 27 January 2005. Retrieved 18 February 2010.
- Turley, Jonathan (21 July 2003). "Commentary; Naked Power, Arbitrary Rule". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
- Graham, Bradley; Branigan, Tania (23 July 2003). "Two Britons at Guantanamo Will Not Face the Death Penalty; Official Denies U.S. Is Dealing Out Separate Justice to Favorites". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
- "Transcripts". CNN. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
- Guantanamo four arrive back in UK, BBC, 25 January 2005
- "Ex-prisoner an adversary in a war of perception", The New York Times, 15 June 2006, 20 February 2010.
- "Passport ban for two more Britons". BBC News. 16 February 2005. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- Dodd, Vikram (12 February 2005). "UK claims freed Britons pose terror threat". The Guardian (London, UK). Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- Cobain, Ian (2 October 2014). "Moazzam Begg was in contact with MI5 about his Syria visits, papers show". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 October 2014.
- Gardham, Duncan (7 August 2007). "Channel 4 platform for radical who wants 'war'". The Daily Telegraph (London, UK). Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- O'Neill, Sean (4 January 2010). "Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab had links with London campaign group". The Times. Middle East articles. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- Naughton, Philippe. "Abdulmutallab and Begg". The Times (London, UK).
- Naughton, Philippe. "Middle East articles #1". The Times (London, UK).
- Naughton, Philippe. "Middle East articles #2". The Times (London, UK).
- Nossiter, Adam (17 January 2010). "Lonely Trek to Radicalism for Terror Suspect". The New York Times. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- Andrews, Emily. "'Lonely bomber' in his own words: What Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab wrote about his family, sex ... and his love of Liverpool FC". Daily Mail (London, UK).
- "Cageprisoners and the Great Underpants Conspiracy". Cageprisoners. 14 January 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2010.
- "In London, Bomb Suspect Found Militant Edge". NPR. 18 February 2010. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- on YouTube, Cageprisoners, December 2007; retrieved 6 January 2010.
- O'Neill, Sean (4 January 2010). "Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab had links with London campaign group". The Times. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- Sawer, Patrick & David Barrett (2 January 2010). "Detroit bomber's mentor continues to influence British mosques and universities", The Telegraph; retrieved 3 January 2010.
- "21st Century CrUSAders: A War on Muslims in Iraq and Palestine" DVD/VHS, Green 72 Media, 2005, (archive).
- Peirce, Gareth (21 December 2007). "Britain's own Guantánamo". The Guardian (London, UK).
- Alibhai-Brown, Yasmin (24 March 2006). "Review of 'Enemy Combatant'". The Independent (London, UK).
- Sweig, Julia E. (8 June 2006). "The dark stain of Guantanamo", The Baltimore Sun; retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "Enemy Combatant: My Imprisonment at Guantanamo, Bagram, and Kandahar. (Book review)", Publishers Weekly, 19 July 2006. Retrieved 22 February 2010
- Lalas, Elizabeth (27 October 2006). "Moazzam Begg's story of detention and abuse: This is Bush's war on terror". Socialist Worker. Retrieved 23 February 2007.
- Abbas, Tahir (26 May 2006). "Book Review: 'Open, honest and touching account of an ordinary British-born Muslim'". Muslimnews.co.uk. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- Wilkins, John, "Bars and Stripes; In Moazzam Begg's `Imprisonment', Uncle Sam is a cruel warden", U-T San Diego, 10 September 2006; retrieved 21 February 2010.
- "Former Guantánamo detainees sue British government", The New York Times, 20 April 2008, accessed 20 February 2010.
- "Judge allows secret services to hide evidence in civil lawsuits", The Guardian, 18 November 2009; retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "The UK government's Guantanamo guilt and the urgent need for Shaker Aamer's return", andyworthington.co.uk; 19 November 2010; accessed 22 June 2014.
- "Ottawa reaches $10M settlement with Arar". CBC News. 25 January 2007. Retrieved 22 June 2014.
- Coverage of financial settlements with individuals accused of terrorism, including Begg, australianetworknews.com; accessed 22 June 2014.
- Get Ready For Gitmo: The Video Game, CBS News, 1 June 2009
- Official Statement Regarding Rendition: Guantanamo, T-Enterprise press release, 3 June 2009 (see archive)
- "Guantanamo: the Xbox game; Former Guantanamo Bay detainee Moazzam Begg will take the starring role in a new computer game based on life at the prison camp". The Daily Telegraph (London, UK). 1 May 2009. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
- Lavery, Charles (24 May 2009). "Exclusive: Ex-prisoner joins Scots developers to make Guantanamo game". Daily Record. Retrieved 21 February 2010.
- Kersten, Katherine, "For veterans, Guantanamo was no game; Fantasy portrays terrorists as good guys and American guards as villains", The Minneapolis Star Tribune, 14 June 2009; accessed 22 June 2014.
- "Heussner, Ki Mae, "Games About Religion, Sex and Violence Cross the Line"], ABC News". ABC News. 4 June 2009. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- "Blair v Blair", BBC.co.uk, 10 October 2005; accessed 22 June 2014.
- "Newsnight on trial", BBC.co.uk, 16 December 2005.
- The Prisoner, PBS, 28 July 2006
- Guantanamo's Secrets, National Geographic website
- "Profile: Moazzam Begg". The Guardian (London, UK). 29 April 2008. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- Begg, Moazzam, Guantánamo's Catch-22, International Herald Tribune, 14 September 2006
- Begg, Moazzam, Tortured Truth, New Statesman, 26 June 2006
- John, Patrice, "Birmingham hosts the Muslim Writers Awards", Birmingham Mail, 31 March 2008
- "Moazzam Begg draws large audience for UCL Human Rights Programme", University College London, 17 January 2008, (archive)
- "TWO SIDES – ONE STORY: Guantanamo From Both Sides of the Wire", Cageprisoners.com; accessed 22 June 2014.
- Guantánamo: New call for Europe to take 50 men trapped at camp, Amnesty International, 11 January 2010, (archive)
- "Moazzam Begg profile at". Conflicts Forum. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
- Video: Moazzam Begg read Poems from Guantánamo, Amnesty International, 23 January 2008
- "Ask Amnesty". Amnestyusa.org. 21 February 2006. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
- "About Us > Programmes". PeaceMaker. Retrieved 10 April 2010.
- Ex-US detainee pleads for hostage, BBC, 9 December 2005
- Inter-faith support helped save the Iraq hostages, Lebanon Star, 7 April 2006
- "Former detainees appeal for release of Western peace campaigners in Baghdad", Taipei Times, 10 December 2005, accessed 20 February 2010
- "British Iraq hostage Kember freed". BBC News. 23 March 2006. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
- Kerbaj, Richard (7 February 2010). "Amnesty International is 'damaged' by Taliban link". The Sunday Times (London, UK). Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- "Cageprisoners' Response to Sunday Times Attack". Cageprisoners. 8 February 2010.
- "Human Rights are for all". Amnesty International. 7 February 2010.
- "Salman Rushdie's statement on Amnesty International", The Sunday Times, 21 February 2010; accessed 22 June 2014.
- MacShane, Member of British Parliament, Denis (10 February 2010). "Letter To Amnesty International from". Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- (footnote leads to dead link)Hitchens, Christopher. "Amnesty International's suspension of conscience", The National Post, 17 February 2010; retrieved 17 February 2010.
- Bright, Martin [http://www.spectator.co.uk/martinbright/5757557/amnesty-international-moazzam-begg-and-the-bravery-of-gita-sahgal.thtml "Amnesty International, Moazzam Begg and the Bravery of Gita Sahgal", The Spectator, 7 February 2010; accessed 22 June 2014.
- "Misalliance; Amnesty has lent spurious legitimacy to extremists who spurn its values", The Times, 12 February 2010; retrieved 17 February 2010.
- Cohen, Nick (14 February 2010), "We abhor torture – but that requires paying a price; Spineless judges, third-rate politicians and Amnesty prefer an easy life to fighting for liberty", The Observer, 17 February 2010; accessed 22 June 2014.
- Interview with Moazzam Begg, Cageprisoners.com, 6 March 2006.
- "The Prisoner", PBS, week of 28 July 2006
- A conversation about detention, torture, and civil liberties, via videoconference from the U.K. with Moazzam Begg, Bill of Rights Defense Committee website, 12 November 2006.
- "Moazzam Begg Responds To His Critics", AndyWorthington.co.uk; 21 February 2010.
- "Moazzam Begg: The Ex-Gitmo Prisoner Now Doing the United States' Work", The Atlantic, 30 November 2010; accessed 22 June 2014.
- WikiLeaks: Guantanamo Files on Moazzam Begg
- Maktabah Al Ansar bookshop at the Wayback Machine
- Julian Assange Interviews Moazzam Begg + Asim Qureshi of Cage