Mobile Anti-Disturbance Squadron

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Mobile Anti-Disturbances Squadron or Escuadrón Móvil Antidisturbios (ESMAD) in Spanish is a Colombian National Police Riot control unit specialized on preventing and/or controlling public disturbances and riots, as well as controlling large masses of people. This unit is under the command of the Operative Directorate of the Colombian National Police.

History[edit]

The Escuadrón Móvil Antidisturbios (ESMAD) was born as a decentralized unit from the Colombian National Police on February 24, 1999 by a transitional directorate, beginning with 9 officers, 8 non-commissioned officers and 200 patrollers mainly to support Colombian Departments and Metropolitan police forces to control and/or neutralize population disturbances or public events when their forces seem outnumbered or incapable to handle their action capacity. It was later legalized by resolution 01363 of April 14, 1999.

APC used by the ESMAD in a protest against George W. Bush's visit to Bogotá.

The unit is said to be trained on human rights issues[1][failed verification] however in 2006, it was largely criticized and questioned for some of its actions during the National University of Colombia riots. This riot police unit was also questioned by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights after the death of six protesters.

Regional Operational Divisions[edit]


There are seven active mobile squadrons operating in Colombia:

ESMAD operational areas within Colombia.

Some victims of ESMAD[edit]

  • Carlos Giovanni Blanco ; November 8, 2001 ; Student.
  • Jaime Alfonso Acosta ; November 21, 2002 ; Student.
  • Nicolás David Neira ; May 1th, 2005 ; Student.
  • Jhonny Silva Aranguren ; September 22, 2005 ; Student.
  • Belisario Camayo Guetoto ; November 10, 2005 ; Indigenous.
  • Oscar Leonardo Salas ; March 8, 2006 ; Student.
  • César Hurtado Tróchez ; October 13, 2008 ; Indigenous.
  • Celestino Rivera ; October 13, 2008 ; Indigenous.
  • Nicolás Valencia Lemus ; October 13, 2008 ; Indigenous.
  • Edgar Bautista ; March 3, 2010 ; Carrier.
  • Edison Franco Jaime ; June 22, 2013 ; Farmer.
  • Yoel Jácome Ortíz ; June 22, 2013 ; Farmer.
  • Diomar Alfonso Quintero ; June 22, 2013 ; Farmer.
  • Hermides Jaime Téllez ; June 22, 2013 ; Farmer.
  • Víctor Alberto Triana ; August 27, 2013 ; Farmer.[2][failed verification]
  • Guillermo Pavi Ramos ; April 11, 2015 ; Farmer.
  • Miguel Ángel Barbosa ; April 21, 2016 ; Student.
  • Brayan Mancilla ; May 19, 2016 ; Student.
  • Gersai Cerón ; June 2, 2016 ; Farmer.
  • Marco Aurelio Díaz ; June 2, 2016 ; Farmer.
  • Wellington Quibarecama ; June 2, 2016 ; Farmer.
  • Naimen Lara ; July 11, 2016 ; Farmer.
  • Luis Orlando Saíz ; July 12, 2016 ; Builder.
  • Dylan Mauricio Cruz ; November 25, 2019 ; Student.[3][failed verification]
  • Orlando Doria Álvarez ; December 1, 2019 ; Farmer

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dirección Operativa". web.archive.org. 2004-08-07. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
  2. ^ ""Algunas víctimas fatales que ha cobrado el ESMAD en Bogotá"". twitter.com. 2019-11-27. Retrieved 2019-11-27.
  3. ^ ""Algunas víctimas fatales que ha cobrado el ESMAD en Bogotá"". twitter.com. 2019-11-27. Retrieved 2019-11-27.

External links[edit]