Mobile post office
Mobile post offices deliver mail and other postal services through specially equipped vehicles, such as trucks and trains.
Mobile Post Offices around the world
The United Kingdom pioneered the modern use of what it calls the Travelling Post Office (TPO), a railway service that operated for the first time in 1838. TPOs were removed from service by Royal Mail in early 2004.
In the UK, road vehicles that provide postal services are known as Mobile Post Offices, to differentiate them from the (now obsolete) rail Travelling Post Offices (TPOs). Mobile Post Offices were first introduced in 1936 to provide telegraph, telephone and postal services at special events such as race meetings and shows. The need for large Mobile Post Offices declined over the years, but since the mid-1990s small van versions have appeared in rural towns without a permanent Post Office.
In the United States, the most prominent mobile post offices are railway post offices. For about 30 years, ending in the 1920s, a few cities had streetcar offices. In addition, the U.S. runs a Boat Railway Post Offices. The boat services were first available for inland waterways, beginning in 1857, and subsequently ocean routes to Puerto Rico, Canal Zone, and from Seattle to Alaska. The rail and boat offices were discontinued in 1977 and 1978, respectively.
Canada began its railroad mail services in 1859. Both CN Rail and CP Rail used mailcars to haul mail across Canada. With the switch to mail delivery by air or truck, Canada Post no longer delivers mail by rail.
According to the UPU database, other countries with mobile post offices include: Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Egypt, Greece, Hungary, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madagascar, Moldova, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Viet Nam, Yemen, and Zimbabwe.
Countries have issued postage stamps to recognize mobile postal services. For instance, in 1913, the U.S. issued parcel post stamps that portray a mail train as well as an employee of a railway post office. In 1974, Zambia issued a series of 4 stamps as commemoratives for the centenary of the Universal Postal Union. Israel issued a stamp in 1959 picturing its red mobile post truck, pictured.
References and sources
- Johnson 1995.
- White p.472
- The British Postal Museum & Archive. "What happened to the TPOs?". Retrieved 2011-06-24.
- The British Postal Museum & Archive. "Mobile Post Office". Retrieved 2011-06-24.
- White, p 473
- Pakistan Post news on its mobile office
- UPU database by country, report created to list mobile post offices on 02-14-2008.
- Bergman, Edwin B. (1980) 29 Years to Oblivion, The Last Years of Railway Mail Service in the United States, Mobile Post Office Society, Omaha, Nebraska. Available from http://www.eskimo.com/~rkunz/mposhome.html Mobile Post Office Society. Members receive literature discounts.
- Johnson, Peter. (1995) Mail by Rail - The History of the TPO & Post Office Railway, Ian Allan Publishing, London. ISBN 0-7110-2385-9
- Wilking, Clarence. (1985) The Railway Mail Service, Railway Mail Service Library, Boyce, Virginia. On boats and streetcars, available as an MS Word file at .
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