Moca, Dominican Republic

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Moca, Espaillat)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Moca
Sagrado Corazón de Jesús Church
Sagrado Corazón de Jesús Church
Flag of Moca
Flag
Official seal of Moca
Seal
Moca is located in the Dominican Republic
Moca
Moca
Coordinates: 19°23′N 70°31′W / 19.383°N 70.517°W / 19.383; -70.517Coordinates: 19°23′N 70°31′W / 19.383°N 70.517°W / 19.383; -70.517
Country Dominican Republic
ProvinceEspaillat
Municipality since1822
Area
 • Total239.36 km2 (92.42 sq mi)
Elevation183 m (600 ft)
Population
(2012)[3]
 • Total173,442
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Mocano(a)
Distance to
 – Santo Domingo

145 km
Municipalities8
ClimateAf
Websitehttp://am.gob.do/

Moca is the capital of Espaillat province in the Cibao region of the Dominican Republic, and is the tenth-largest city of the country with a population of 173,442 inhabitants.[4] Moca is located 11 miles/18 kilometers east from the country’s second-largest city, Santiago. It is divided into eight municipal districts: San Víctor, Las Lagunas, José Contreras, Juan López, El Higuerito, La Ortega, Monte de la Jagua and Canca La Reina.

The city is known as "La Villa Heroica" (Village of Heroes) due to the number of men and women from Moca who have played a major role in the Dominican Republic's history in bringing down two dictators, Ulises Heureaux and Rafael Trujillo, and bringing democracy back to the country.

Moca is home to the Corazon Sagrado de Jesus ("Sacred Heart of Jesus") Cathedral. All its pane glass windows were originally brought from Italy depicting the apostles and Jesus' path to the crucifixion. Agriculture forms the primary livelihood of the inhabitants. Plantain and yucca are main crops. Most crops are harvested by hand.

Etymology[edit]

According to Emiliano Tejera, Moca means a tree that overlooks the river banks. Others claim that the word comes from the region of Mocán, a section in the province of La Vega near the river. Others claim that the word Moca is based on the coffee crop name: Mocca. According to Franklin Torres Moca is derived from an Aboriginal term which was adopted by the European settlers.

Economy[edit]

People of Moca, Dominican Republic.

Moca has a very important banking sector, the city is home to branches of all commercial banks of the country. A strong business in shops, furniture, supermarkets, warehouses, factories of footwear, food, construction, and hardware.

The city has the largest coffee manufacturing industry, Industries Banilejas.[5] The city is also known for its agricultural production, with the plantain, banana and cassava as major crops. Other fruits: bananas, pigeon pea, taro, yams, squash, beans, coffee, oranges, lemons, grapefruit, papaya (papaya), etc. A variety of vegetables such as lettuce, tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, cabbage are cultivated, among others. It also has a great development in poultry products, with a production of 70% in this sector.

Geography[edit]

Moca has a total area of 339.21 km².[1] The municipality sits on a volcanic coral reef with hills to the west and low mountains to the north; these mountains are part of the Cordillera Septentrional. The highest mountain in the municipality, and in the province, is El Mogote at (970 m). Moca is at an elevation of 183 m with an average temperature in the city of 25.3°C and an average rainfall of 1,174.4 mm.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Moca, Dominican Republic (1961–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.0
(93.2)
35.5
(95.9)
36.0
(96.8)
36.0
(96.8)
36.0
(96.8)
35.5
(95.9)
36.0
(96.8)
37.0
(98.6)
36.5
(97.7)
38.0
(100.4)
35.5
(95.9)
34.0
(93.2)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 27.8
(82.0)
28.3
(82.9)
29.4
(84.9)
30.0
(86.0)
30.4
(86.7)
31.6
(88.9)
31.2
(88.2)
31.3
(88.3)
31.7
(89.1)
31.1
(88.0)
29.2
(84.6)
27.8
(82.0)
30.0
(86.0)
Average low °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
18.2
(64.8)
18.6
(65.5)
19.2
(66.6)
20.2
(68.4)
21.1
(70.0)
21.1
(70.0)
21.0
(69.8)
20.9
(69.6)
20.5
(68.9)
19.6
(67.3)
18.5
(65.3)
19.8
(67.6)
Record low °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
13.0
(55.4)
10.0
(50.0)
13.0
(55.4)
15.9
(60.6)
16.0
(60.8)
16.0
(60.8)
16.0
(60.8)
16.0
(60.8)
16.0
(60.8)
12.0
(53.6)
12.0
(53.6)
10.0
(50.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 70.7
(2.78)
67.6
(2.66)
60.3
(2.37)
100.4
(3.95)
159.9
(6.30)
75.9
(2.99)
98.2
(3.87)
101.0
(3.98)
109.1
(4.30)
137.6
(5.42)
136.7
(5.38)
113.9
(4.48)
1,231.3
(48.48)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8.8 7.2 7.0 7.8 11.4 8.2 10.1 10.2 9.4 10.4 11.6 11.3 113.3
Source: NOAA[6]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica Archived 2009-04-17 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. ^ Censo 2012 de Población y Vivienda, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  4. ^ "Expansión Urbana de las ciudades capitales de RD: 1988-2010" (in Spanish). Santo Domingo: Oficina Nacional de Estadística. 1 May 2015. ISBN 978-9945-8984-3-9. Archived from the original on 14 July 2016. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  5. ^ "Municipio de Moca". Retrieved 6 September 2016.
  6. ^ "Moca Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 18, 2016.