Mocha coffee bean

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Mocha coffee tree

The Mocha coffee bean is a variety of coffee bean originally from Yemen. It is harvested from the coffee-plant species Coffea arabica, which is native to Yemen. In appearance it is very small, hard, round with an irregular shape, and olive green to pale yellow in color.[1]

The name "Mocha" comes from the port of Mocha (al-Makha) though which most Yemeni coffee was exported before the 20th century.[2] As of 1911, it was mostly exported via Aden and Hodeida.[3] The central market for Yemeni coffee is at Bayt al-Faqih, about 140 km north of Mocha,[4] and the coffee is grown in the mountain districts of Jabal Haraz, al-Udayn (sometimes written Uden), and Ta'izz, to the east.[3]

See also[edit]

Emblem-relax.svg Coffee portal

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ukers, William (2009) [1935]. All About Coffee. ISBN 1849028702.
  2. ^ Mark Pendergrast, Uncommon Grounds: The History of Coffee and How It Transformed Our World, 2010, ISBN 0465024041, p. 7
  3. ^ a b Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th edition, 1911, s.v. Mokha
  4. ^ International Bureau of the American Republics, Coffee: Extensive Information and Statistics, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1902, p. 46