Mock strawberry

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Mock strawberry
Duchesnea indica9.jpg
Scientific classification
D. indica
Binomial name
Duchesnea indica

Duchesnea indica (sometimes called Potentilla indica), known commonly by the names mock strawberry, Indian strawberry, or false strawberry,[1] is a flowering plant in the family Rosaceae. It has foliage and an aggregate accessory fruit similar to that of a true strawberry. It has yellow flowers, unlike the white or slightly pink flowers of true strawberries. It is native to eastern and southern Asia, but has been introduced to many other areas as a medicinal and an ornamental plant. It has been naturalized in many regions, including parts of the United States.[2][3][4]

The leaves are trifoliate, roughly veined beneath, dark green, and often persisting through the winter, arising from short crowns. The plant spreads along creeping stolons, rooting and producing crowns at each node. The yellow flowers are produced in mid spring, then sporadically throughout the growing season. The aggregate accessory fruits are white or red, and entirely covered with red achenes, simple ovaries, each containing a single seed. They are edible, but they have little overall flavor.[5]

Recent genetic evidence has shown that this genus is better included within Potentilla,[6] but currently most sources still list it in the genus Duchesnea.[7]

A poultice of the crushed leaves is used to treat skin ailments such as eczema.[1]



  1. ^ a b O’Brien, Meghan (December 2006). "Indian Strawberry". Bellarmine University. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
  2. ^ "Invasive species in Belgium: Duchesnea indica". Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  3. ^ Missouri department of Conservation. "Indian Strawberry (Mock Strawberry)". Retrieved 22 November 2013. This plant is invasive in many locations across America.
  4. ^ "Potentilla indica". County-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  5. ^ "Are the mock strawberries toxic?". FDA Poisonous Plant Database. 1986. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  6. ^ Torsten Eriksson; Malin S. Hibbs; Anne D. Yoder; Charles F. Delwiche & Michael J. Donoghue (2003). "The Phylogeny of Rosoideae (Rosaceae) Based on Sequences of the Internal Transcribed Spacers (ITS) of Nuclear Ribosomal DNA and the trnL/F Region of Chloroplast DNA". Int. J. Plant Sci. 164 (2): 197–211. doi:10.1086/346163.
  7. ^ "The Plant List: Duchesnea". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanic Garden. 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2016.

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