Modèle 1935 pistol

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Modèle 1935 pistol
Pistolet modèle 1935.jpg
Modèle 1935A pistol
TypeSemi-automatic pistol
Place of originFrance
Service history
In service1937–1960s
Used bySee Users
WarsWorld War II
First Indochina War
Algerian War[1]
Production history
DesignerCharles Gabriel Petter
Designed1935
ManufacturerSociété Alsacienne de Constructions Mécaniques SACM
Produced1937–1956
No. built84,000
VariantsModel 1935A, 1935S
Specifications
Weight730 g (1.61 lb) model A, 720 g (1.59 lb) Model S
Length7.75 in (197 mm)
Barrel length4.29 in (109 mm)
Height4.96 in (126 mm)

Cartridge7.65×20mm Longue
ActionShort recoil
Muzzle velocity345 metres per second (1,130 ft/s)
Feed system7 Round Magazine

Two versions of French military pistol "Model 1935" exist, the model 1935A and the model 1935S. Both were designed to compete in the 1935–37 French military trials conducted by the Commission d’Experiences Techniques de Versailles to select a new sidearm. While similar in concept and design due to the specific requirements of the trials committee, they share no parts in common.[2]

Description[edit]

Pistolet automatique modèle 1935A[edit]

The Pistolet automatique modèle 1935A (Automatic Pistol Model 1935A) or Modèle (Mle.) 1935 A is a semi-automatic pistol chambered for the 7.65mm Longue cartridge. It was developed by the Swiss Charles Petter (a former captain of French Foreign Legion), engineer of the French company Société Alsacienne de Constructions Mécaniques (SACM) and used by the French Army in several wars.[3]

Petter designed a pistol which had some of the same design elements as the John Browning M1911 such as the grooved slide and barrel which interlocked and recoiled together until a pivoting link lowered the barrel, thus unlocking the assembly and further rearward movement of the barrel and slide together, which after reaching the point of greatest movement would be returned to battery. Along the way the slide would strip a cartridge from the magazine and push it into the chamber just prior to the under barrel link forcing the barrel up into engagement with the slide, locking the action. Petter eliminated the barrel bushing and used a full length spring guide which had the effect of removing one of the elements of inaccuracy from the M1911 design and increased functional reliability.[3][4]

A unique feature of the system was an integrated fire control system. The trigger, hammer, mainspring, and sear assembly were contained in one unit. His design impressed SIG of Switzerland, who licensed it in order to produce their model 47/8 handgun (which became the Sig P210.[3])

It won the 1935–37 competition to produce the new French military sidearm. Initial production began in 1937, and the pistol began delivery to the French Army in late 1939, with a total of about 10,700 pistols built before German forces occupied the SACM factory in the summer of 1940. The Germans continued production of the 1935A, now designated the "Pistole 625 (f)", with about 23,850 pistols made for the German forces. Following the end of the German occupation of France in 1944, SACM resumed production of the 1935A for the French military, making a further 50,400 pistols. In total, about 84,950 1935A pistols were produced between October 1937 and February 1950.[3][2][4]

In 1937, Switzerland’s Schweizerische Industrie Gesellschaft purchased a license from SACM for the 1935A, which became the basis for the development by SIG Sauer of the SIG P210.[3][2]

7.65 mm Longue cartridges

Pistolet automatique modèle 1935S[edit]

Pistol model 1935 S on display at the Musée de l'Armée.

The Pistolet automatique modèle 1935S (Automatic Pistol Model 1935S) or Modèle (Mle.) 1935 S is a semi-automatic pistol chambered for the 7.65mm Longue cartridge. It was designed by Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne (MAS), a French government arsenal. It was a competitor in the 1935-37 French military trials to select a new sidearm, losing to the SACM 1935A. However, as France prepared for the looming war in Europe it became apparent that SACM production was inadequate to meet the military's needs. In 1938 additional contracts were given to MAS to produce the 1935S, and all production of the commercial MAB model D and MAPF "Unique" model 17 pistols was diverted to the military. MAS began initial delivery of the 1935S to the French military in early 1939, but production ceased after only about 1404 pistols were built when German forces occupied Saint-Étienne in the summer of 1940. MAS factory workers were able to hide key 1935S tooling and machinery before the Germans occupied the factory;[citation needed] as a result, unlike the 1935A, MAB D and Unique 17, the 1935S was not produced during the German occupation of France. Production resumed in 1944 after the end of the occupation. Since MAS was also a primary producer of French military rifles and light machine guns needed for the French colonial war in Indochina, production of the 1935S was shifted to other French arms producers in late 1944, after MAS had built of total of about 6,686 pistols. The other makers of the 1935S were M-F (Manufacture Française d’Armes et Cycles de Saint Étienne, aka ManuFrance) which built about 10,000 pistols in 1944–45; SAGEM (Societe d'Applications Generales d'Electricite et de la Mecanique), which built about 10,000 pistols in 1945–1953, and MAC (Manufacture Nationale d’Armes de Chatellerault), which built about 56,087 pistols in 1946–1956. MAC revised the 1935S safety to function as did the 1935A safety; this change was included in all MAC and SAGEM 1935S production starting in 1946, with the pistols marked 1935 S M1 starting in March 1947. In total, about 82,773 1935S pistols were produced between 1937 and 1956.[3][4]

The 1935S directly inspired the design of the French service pistol that replaced the 1935A and 1935S, the MAC Mle 1950 in 9mm Parabellum.

Users[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "L'armement français en A.F.N." Gazette des Armes (in French). No. 220. March 1992. pp. 12–16.
  2. ^ a b c "PISTOL MODEL 1935A". smallarmsreview.com. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Hawks, Chuck. "French Modele 35A Pistol: The First Branch on the Developmental Tree". chuckhawks.com. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "The 1935 French Service Pistols". unblinkingeye.com. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  • Medlin, Eugene and Colin Doane. The French 1935 Pistols: A Concise History. Latham, NY: Excaliber Publications, 1995.
  • Medlin, Eugene and Jean Huon. French Service Handguns 1858–2004. St. Louis, MO: Tommy Gun Publications, 2004.

External links[edit]