Modal particle

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In linguistics, modal particles are always uninflected words, and are a type of grammatical particle. They are used to indicate how the speaker thinks that the content of the sentence relates to the participants' common knowledge.[1] Languages that use a lot of modal particles in their spoken form include Dutch, German, Russian, Indonesian, Chinese and Japanese.[2] The translation is often not straightforward and depends on the context.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Fabian Bross (2012): German modal particles and the common ground. In: Helikon. A Multidisciplinary Online Journal, 2. 182-209.
  2. ^ Dutch Grammar:politeness - Beleefdheid Modal particle - Modale partikels retrieved 2009-01-01 and Modal Particles By Keith Robinson, Wang Lingli retrieved 2015-08-04