Modderfontein (East Rand)

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Modderfontein is located in Gauteng
Modderfontein is located in South Africa
Modderfontein is located in Africa
 Modderfontein shown within Gauteng
Coordinates: 26°05′04″S 28°10′01″E / 26.0845°S 28.1669°E / -26.0845; 28.1669Coordinates: 26°05′04″S 28°10′01″E / 26.0845°S 28.1669°E / -26.0845; 28.1669
Country South Africa
Province Gauteng
Municipality City of Johannesburg
 • Total 27.83 km2 (10.75 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 131
 • Density 4.7/km2 (12/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 83.2%
 • White 16.8%
Postal code (street) 1609
PO box 1645

Modderfontein is a suburb of the City of Johannesburg on the east of the Witwatersrand conurbation (East Rand) which lies within the province of Gauteng province of South Africa, formerly called the PWV area. It began as a mining town adjacent to the Modder River, hence its name which is Afrikaans for Modder spring or fountain.

The flag of Modderfontein comprised the shield from the municipal arms being placed in the centre of a white field. The shield can be described as a white saltire on a blue background superimposed in the middle of which are crossed hammers in black. Above the crossed hammers is a protea in its natural colours of red and green while below is a schematic representation of water in blue and white.

The protea, the national flower of South Africa, symbolises the commitment of Modderfontein to serving the country for the benefit of all its people. Modderfontein has served South Africa through the manifold skills needed for the various products and services produced in the town and by sharing this with the broader community, making the country a better place in which to live.

The crossed hammers symbolise industry and mining, the trademarks of the first products produced in the town. They also indicate an unbroken tradition of serving the country's industrial and mining sectors.

The water symbolises pure, clean spring water and alludes to the name given to the town.


Carl Friedrich Wolff was born on Christmas Eve 1851 in Kempten, the capital of the Austro-Bavarian district Allgäu in South Germany. After school and an early training in the iron and steel industry, he moved to London and in 1873, embarked on a financial career. In 1875 his company, Adolph Mosenthal & Co. transferred him to South Africa where he took command of the accounting division in the Port Elizabeth branch. In 1880 he was transferred to Bloemfontein where he married Maria Fichardt, granddaughter of Carl Wuras, a noted missionary.

In 1888, Wolff was transferred to Pretoria to establish a branch office. He became a leading figure among the German community and was elected as chairman of the local German Club. From Pretoria he moved to Johannesburg to open another branch office and became a founder member and the first chairman of the German Club in the city.

Because of his German origin, Carl Friedrich Wolff was a natural choice as a go-between for the Z.A.R. in their transactions with the Nobel Trust, who were building the dynamite factory. The Nobel company had established the Zuid-Afrikaansche Fabrieken voor Ontplofbare Stoffen and had appointed Wolff as local director in South Africa (although he apparently retained his connections with his English employers).

The Nobel Trust exercised complete financial control over the dynamite factory and Wolff's major role appears to have been as negotiator with the Z.A.R. government and local landowners. During the establishment of the dynamite factory and the delicate negotiations which evolved as a result of the private rail link from the factory to Zuurfontein, Wolff played a prominent part.

The exciting events taking place at this time can well be imagined. Gold fever had gripped the Witwatersrand and the dynamite factory was a vital industrial necessity. Land speculation was rife, community development was beginning to take shape and Carl Wolff, at the peak of his career, was right in the heart of the drama.

Establishing the rail link was of prime importance and successful negotiation with the owners of the farm Zuurfontein, the Buitendags, was crucial. The Buitendags' great complaint was that the existing railway line already divided their property and some 113 morgen on the east side of the farm was completely cut off from the main property. The new railroad to the dynamite factory would further divide their property and disrupt their farming operations.

Modderfontein Mega City[edit]

Modderfontein Mega City
Alternative names Modderfontein New City
General information
Town or city Modderfontein (East Rand), Johannesburg
Country  South Africa
Construction started 2015[2]
Completed 2030/35[3]
Cost US$6.4 Billion+ (R84 Billion) over a 15 year period
Owner Shangai Zendai Group
Technical details
Size 1,600 ha (170,000,000 sq ft)
Design and construction
Main contractor Zendai Development South Africa