Moderation and Development Party
Moderation and Development Party
|Secretary-General||Mohammad Bagher Nobakht|
|Executive Secretary||Morteza Bank|
|Politburo Head||Mahmoud Vaezi|
|Election Head||Ali Jannati|
Moderation and Development Party (Persian: حزب اعتدال و توسعه, romanized: Hezb-e E'tedāl va Towse'eh) is a political party in Iran. It is a pragmatic-centrist political party which held its first congress in 2002.
The party is part of the faction called "modernist right", "moderate reformists" and "technocrats" that draws from upper-level bureaucrats, industrialists and managers. It deals with a platform on modernization and economic growth rather than social justice, along with the Executives of Construction Party and the Islamic Labour Party. The party has been allied with Popular Coalition of Reforms and Pervasive Coalition of Reformists in parliamentary elections and has had good relations with both Mohammad Khatami’s reform program and Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. In April 2017, the party joined the supreme policymaking council of reformists.
Some sources branded them as part of the conservative camp in the 2000s or reformists under the leadership of Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani. In 2003, the party's spokesperson wrote in Hamshahri that the party regards itself among "true reformists", who are idealists considering "social realities" interpreted with the "principle of moderation".
According to Ali Afshari, the party prioritizes economic expansion and follows free market policies, however a minority faction represented by members such as Nobakht, advocate institutionalized economy and maintain that the government should interfere to regulate markets to a limited extent. They support limited political and cultural transformations, and believe political activism should only be within the frameworks of the constitution. The party also embraces Velayat Faqih.
|2005||Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani|
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (August 2016)
- Hassan Rouhani, President of Iran
- Mahmoud Vaezi, Chief of Staff
- Mohammad Bagher Nobakht, Vice President for Strategy
- Masoud Soltanifar, Minister of Sports
- Bahram Parsaei (Shiraz)
- Zahra Saei (Tabriz, Osku and Azarshahr)
- Ali Nobakht (Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr)
- Ramezanali Sobhanifar (Sabzevar, Joghatai and Joveyn)
- Hadi Bahadori (Urmia)
- Sakineh Almasi (Kangan, Jam, Dayyer and Asaluyeh)
- Rasoul Khezri (Piranshahr and Sardasht)
- Shadmehr Kazemzadeh (Dehloran, Darreshahr and Abdanan)
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- ^ Kaveh-Cyrus Sanandaji (2009), "The Eighth Majles Elections in the Islamic Republic of Iran: A Division in Conservative Ranks and the Politics of Moderation", Iranian Studies, Routledge, 42 (4): 621–648, doi:10.1080/00210860903106345, S2CID 153397356
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- ^ a b Ali Afshari (8 April 2014), "Internal rivalries hinder Rouhani's reform efforts", Al-Monitor, retrieved 11 December 2016
- ^ "Moderation and Development Party backs Rowhani for president", Mehr News Agency, 14 September 2008, retrieved 24 November 2016
- ^ "Party leader wants debates among candidates' representatives", Mehr News Agency, 30 May 2009, retrieved 24 November 2016
- ^ "Moderation and Development Party to back Rouhani", Tehran Times, 14 January 2017, retrieved 14 January 2017