Equipment of the Syrian Army

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List of modern equipment of the Syrian Arab Army.[1] The vast majority of Syrian military equipment was Soviet manufactured but the organization and military doctrine of the armed forces followed a mix of French and Western influences as the Soviet Union closely guarded its operational principles and never shared them with client states.[2] The accuracy of the data is difficult to assess due to the ongoing Syrian Civil War, as weapons and vehicles are acquired and lost during battles.

Small arms[edit]

Pistols[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
Makarov PM Semi-automatic pistol 9×18mm Makarov  Soviet Union Пистолет Макарова.png 8-round magazine. Main service pistol of the Syrian Army.
Tokarev TT-33 Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev  Soviet Union TT 33 Pistol.jpg 8-round magazine.
Browning Hi-Power Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm Parabellum  Belgium Browning High-Power 9mm IMG 1526.jpg 13-round magazine.

Carbines[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
AKS-74U Carbine 5.45×39mm M74  Soviet Union Aks74u.jpg 30-round magazine, limited usage.[3]
9A-91 Carbine 9×39mm  Russia 9A-91.jpg 20-round magazine. Limited usage by the Syrian Army. Seen during the Rif Dimashq offensive (March–August 2013) in Qaboun.[4]
AK-104 Carbine 7.62×39mm M43  Russia AK-105 Avtomat Kalashnikova.jpg 30-round magazine. With the arrival of Russian military advisers in late 2015, some Syrian Army units were equipped with AK-104s attached with telescopic sights.[5]

Assault rifles[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
AK-47 Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43/M67  Soviet Union AK47.jpg 30-round magazine, used mostly by National Defence Force.
AKM / AKMS Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union Akm rifle fullstock.jpg 30-round magazine, main service.
AK-74M Assault rifle 5.45×39mm M74  Russia Ak-74mpdomain.JPG 30-round magazine, used by Airborne Special Forces.[6]
Zastava M70 Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Yugoslavia Zastava M-70.jpg 30-round magazine, moderate usage by Syrian Army.
MPi-KM Assault rifle 7.62x39mm M43  East Germany MPi-Km 72.jpg 30-round magazine, moderate usage by Syrian Army.
Type 56 Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  People's Republic of China Norinco type 56.jpg 30-round magazine, used mostly by National Defence Force.[7]
Sa vz. 58 Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Czechoslovakia Sa 58-JH01.jpg 30-round magazine.
AMD 65 Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43 People's Republic of Hungary AMD65training.JPG 30-round magazine.
StG 44[8][9] Assault rifle 7.92×33mm Kurz Nazi Germany Nazi Germany Sturmgewehr 44.jpg 30-round magazine. Delivered by the CSSR and the Soviet Union in the 50s. Around 5,000 captured by the opposition forces.

Sniper rifles[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
Dragunov SVD Sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union SVD Dragunov.jpg 10-round magazine, main sniper rifle.
PSL Sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR Romania Socialist Republic of Romania Psl sniper rifle.jpeg 10-round magazine.[10]
Zastava M91 Sniper rifle 7.62×54mmR Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Sniper Zastava M91.jpg 10-round magazine.
Steyr SSG 69 Sniper rifle 7.62×51mm NATO  Austria Steyr SSG 69.jpg 5-round magazine.
Orsis T-5000 Sniper rifle 7.62×51mm NATO  Russia ORSIS T-5000 .308Win Sniping competition for The Armourers Day 06.jpg 5-round magazine. In late 2015, Russia supplied the Syrian Army with the Orsis T-5000.[5]
ASVK Anti-materiel rifle 12.7×108mm  Russia KSVK1.jpg 10-round detachable box magazine, limited usage.[11]
OSV-96 Anti-materiel rifle 12.7×108mm  Russia ОСВ-96 12,7-мм снайперская винтовка - МАКС-2009 02.jpg 5-round magazine.
Sayyad-2 Anti-materiel rifle .50 BMG  Iran Steyr HS .50-frontal-scope.jpg Single shot bolt-action. Copy of Austrian HS .50. Limited service with Syrian Army.[5][12]

Light machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
RPD Light machine gun 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union 7,62 mm RPD light machine gun.JPG 100-round drum magazine, former main service LMG.
RPK Light machine gun 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union Soviet RPK.JPEG 40-round magazine or 75-round magazine. Main service LMG of the Syrian Army.

Medium machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
DS-39 Degtyaryov Medium machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union DS39 machine gun 1.jpg 250-round belt. Limited service with Syrian Army, mostly in reserve.
SG-43 Goryunov Medium machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union SG DF-ST-86-08093.jpg 200 or 250-round belts. Limited service with Syrian Army, most common variant SGMT is mounted on T-55 tanks.

Heavy machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
DShK 1938 Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Soviet Union Expomil 2005 01 TR-85M1 02 Mitraliera PKT.jpg 50-round belt, moderate usage.
KPV Heavy machine gun 14.5×114mm  Soviet Union ZPU-1-batey-haosef-1.jpg 40-round belt, moderate usage.
NSV Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Soviet Union 12,7 NSV Turku 3.JPG 50-round belt, main service HMG of the Syrian Army.
Kord Heavy machine gun 12.7×108mm  Russia 12,7-мм пулемет Корд - Интерполитех-2011 01.jpg 50-round belt, limited usage.[11]

General-purpose machine guns[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
PKM General-purpose machine gun 7.62×54mmR  Soviet Union PKM machine gun in storage.jpeg 100-round magazine, main service machine gun of the Syrian Army.[13]
Type 80 General-purpose machine gun 7.62×54mmR  People's Republic of China VOA Arrott - A View of Syria, Under Government Crackdown 08.jpg 100-round magazine, moderate usage.

Grenades[edit]

Name Type Diameter Origin Photo Notes
F-1 Hand grenade 55mm  Soviet Union F1 grenade travmatik com 01 by-sa.jpg 4 meter kill radius, 3.5-4 second fuse.
RGD-5 Hand grenade 58mm  Soviet Union Grenade RGD-5 Navy.jpg Propels ~350 fragments, 5 meter kill radius, 3.2-4 second fuse.
RPG-43 Anti-tank grenade 95mm  Soviet Union Kim Shin-jo weapons RPG43 (1).JPG 75mm RHA penetration, hard impact activates impact fuse.
RKG-3 Anti-tank grenade  Soviet Union 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade (183-29).jpg 170 mm RHA penetration, impact fuse.

Grenade launchers[edit]

Name Type Cartridge Origin Photo Notes
AGS-17 Automatic grenade launcher 30×29mm grenade  Soviet Union 30-мм автоматический гранатомет АГС-17 Пламя.jpg Belt fed with 29-round drums, high rate of fire. Seen in use by the Syrian Republican Guard.[14]

Mines[edit]

Name Type Detonation Origin Photo Notes
PMN mine Anti-personnel mine Pressure  Soviet Union PMN (rechts) und PMN 2.jpeg ~240g TNT, anti-personnel blast mine.
PMD series mines Anti-personnel mine Pressure  Soviet Union PMD-6 2 (ORDATA).jpg Wooden box with a slot and detonator.
TM-35 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union Soviet TM-35 mine at the Museum on Sapun Mountain in Sevastopol.jpg 2.8 kg of TNT.
TM-38 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union Russian - TM-38 landmine.jpg Detonates when there is 440 lbs of pressure.
TM-41 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union TM-41 2 (ORDATA).jpg 3.9 kg of Amatol or TNT, short cylinder with the entire top surface being used as a pressure plate.
TM-44 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union TM-41 4 (ORDATA).jpg 5.4 kg of Amatol, broadly similar to the earlier, smaller, TM-41 mine.
TM-46 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union TM-46 AP-mine.JPEG 5.7 kg of TNT.
TM-57 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union TM-57 held with tilt fuze.jpg 6.3 kg of TNT.
TM-62 series of mines Anti-tank mine Pressure  Soviet Union 27th Independent Sevastopol Guards Motor Rifle Brigade (183-19).jpg 7.5 kg of TNT.
TM-72 mine Anti-tank mine Magnetic influence fuse  Soviet Union 100 mm RHA penetration, cylindrical metal-cased anti-tank mine.
TM-83 mine Anti-tank mine Seismic sensors  Russia 9.6 kg of TNT.
TM-89 mine Anti-tank mine Seismic sensors  Russia 6.7 kg of TNT.
TMA-3 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Yugoslavia Panzermine TMA-3.jpg 6.5 kg of TNT.
TMA-4 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Yugoslavia Panzermine TMA-4.jpg 5.5 kg of TNT.
TMA-5 mine Anti-tank mine Pressure  Yugoslavia Panzermine TMA-2(A).jpg 5.5 kg of TNT.

Anti-tank[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
RPG-2[15] Recoilless rifle  Soviet Union RPG2 and PG2 TBiU 37.jpg PG-2 (82 mm)
RPG-7 Rocket-propelled grenade  Soviet Union Rpg-7.jpg Ammunition: PG-7V (85 mm) PG-7VL (93 mm) PG-7VR (64/105mm) OG-7V (40 mm).
RPG-18 Rocket-propelled grenade  Soviet Union RPG-18-cutaway.JPG 64 mm.
RPG-29 Rocket-propelled grenade  Soviet Union
 Russia
RPG-29 USGov.JPG 65 mm & 105 mm.
RPG-75 Rocket-propelled grenade  Czechoslovakia
RPG-75.JPG
68 mm.
M79 Osa Anti-tank rocket launcher  Yugoslavia M79-OSA.jpg 90 mm. Captured from rebel groups.
SPG-9 Recoilless rifle  Soviet Union Spg 9 from libya.jpg 73 mm.
B-10[16] Recoilless Rifle  Soviet Union B-10-82mm-recoilless-rifle-batey-haosef-2-1.jpg 82 mm.
B-11 Recoilless rifle  Soviet Union B-11-107mm-recoilless-rifle-batey-haosef-2-1.jpg 107 mm.
M40 Recoilless rifle  Iran Ammunition-Hill-106mm-recoilless-rifle-M40-1.jpg 105 mm.
SS.11 Anti-tank missile 486  France Ss11 01.jpg
HOT Anti-tank missile 1000  France
 West Germany
Long Range Anti-tank Weapon HOT 3 - ILA2002-clean.jpg
3M6 Shmel (AT-1 Snapper) Anti-tank missile 486  Soviet Union 2P26 Panzerabwehrraketen.JPG
3M11 Falanga (AT-2 Swatter) Anti-tank guided weapon 200  Soviet Union AT-2c Swatter.JPG In storage.
9K11 Malyutka (AT-3 Sagger) Anti-tank guided weapon 410  Soviet Union Malyutka.JPG Possibly in storage.[1] Used during the Syrian Civil War.[17][18]
9K111 Fagot (AT-4 Spigot) Anti-tank guided weapon 150[1]  Soviet Union Фагот ПТРК 9К111.jpg
9M113 Konkurs (AT-5 Spandrel) Anti-tank guided weapon 40[1]  Soviet Union Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg
9K115 Metis (AT-7 Saxhorn) Anti-tank guided weapon N/A  Soviet Union POLK 9K115 Metis.jpg
9M117 Bastion (AT-10 Stabber) Anti-tank guided weapon 800[1]  Soviet Union TulaStateArmsMuseum2013-26.jpg
9M119 Svir (AT-11 Sniper) Anti-tank guided weapon N/A  Russia 9M119F1 Invar-M.jpg
9K115-2 Metis-M (AT-13 Saxhorn-2) Anti-tank guided weapon N/A  Russia Antitank missile system Metis-M1.jpg Presence confirmed by use of looted 9K115-2 systems by rebels.[19]
9M133 Kornet (AT-14 Spriggan) Anti-tank guided weapon 2500 at least [1]  Russia 9M133 Kornet.JPG
Saeghe-2s Anti-tank guided weapon  Iran Dragon 04.jpg
Toophan Anti-tank guided weapon  Iran Toophan.PNG

MANPADS[edit]

Combined total of 4,000+ launchers.

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
9K32 Strela-2 (SA-7) Man portable air defence system 4,000+[1]  Soviet Union SA-7.jpg
9K34 Strela-3 (SA-14) Man portable air defence system 100[1]  Soviet Union SA-14 missile and launch tube.jpg
9K38 Igla-1 (SA-16) Man portable air defence system N/A  Soviet Union Igla line drawing.png
9K38 Igla (SA-18) Man portable air defence system N/A[1]  Russia SA-18 misil y lanzador.jpg
9K338 Igla-S (SA-24) Man portable air defence system N/A  Russia IGLA-S MANPADS at IDELF-2008.jpg Delivered by Russia.

Vehicles[edit]

Tanks[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
T-54 Main battle tank N/A  Soviet Union Tank T-54 in Verkhnyaya Pyshma.jpg Data included in the figures for the T-55.
T-55/MV/AM/AMV Main battle tank <2,000[1]  Soviet Union Syrian T-55.png Some upgraded.[20] Many destroyed, damaged, salvaged for parts or captured by anti-government insurgents since March 2011.
T-62/K/M Main battle tank <1,000[1]  Soviet Union T-62 BRL.jpg Many destroyed, damaged, salvaged for parts or captured by anti-government insurgents since March 2011.[21] Additional vehicles deliverd by Russia[22]
T-72/M/A/AV / TURMS-T/M1 TURMS-T / B/BM[23] Main battle tank T-72s (2015): <1,500[1]
T-72BM: ≈20[5]
 Soviet Union
 Czechoslovakia
 Russia
Iraqi T-72 tank fires at targets, 2010.jpg More than 1600 in 2010, many upgraded by Russia, 122 by Italy, many by the Syrians according to Jane's.[24][25] Approximately 300 in 2014.[26] T-72Bs and T-72BMs were delivered by Russia in 2015-2016.[27]
T-90/A[28] Main battle tank ≈40[29][30]  Russia T-90-ET 2010.jpg First observed in the Southern Aleppo offensive on November 29, 2015.[31] Russia supplied T-90 1992 models and T-90As in late 2015.Russia has supplied T-90 tanks to the Tiger Forces.[27]
PT-76B Amphibious light tank <80  Soviet Union Verkhnyaya Pyshma Tank Museum 2012 0181.jpg Most likely in service in the Tartus Governorate.

Infantry fighting vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BMP-1 Infantry fighting vehicle <2,000[1]  Soviet Union Syrian BMP-1.png 200 donated to Iran during the Iran–Iraq War - Some destroyed, damaged and captured by anti-government insurgents since March 2011. Additional vehicles delivered by Russia.[32]
BMP-2 Infantry fighting vehicle <100[1]  Soviet Union Syrian BMP-2.png Deployed in Rif Dimashq Governorate campaign.

Armoured fighting vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BTR-40 Armoured personnel carrier ≈120  Soviet Union BTR-40.jpg
BTR-152 Armoured personnel carrier 300  Soviet Union BTR-152-TCM-20-hatzerim-2.jpg
BTR-50 Armoured personnel carrier 550  Soviet Union BTR-50-latrun-1-2.jpg
BTR-60PB/PU-12 Armoured personnel carrier N/A  Soviet Union BTR-60PB NVA.JPG Probably most scrapped.[33]
BTR-80/82A Armoured personnel carrier 50+  Soviet Union Engineering Technologies - 2012 (3-14).jpg Several BTR-80s were given by Russia in 2013, more BTR-82s delivered in 2015[34][35][36]
OT-64 SKOT Armoured personnel carrier N/A  Czechoslovakia/ Poland OT-64 SKOT.jpg 300 OT-64C ordered from Czechoslovakia in 1976 and delivered between 1977 and 1979, possibly most scrapped.[33]

Armoured scout vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BRDM-2 Amphibious Armoured scout car ≈700  Soviet Union BRDM 2 TBiU 24 2.jpg Some armed with 9K11 Malyutka ATGM.
1,200 received from the Soviet Union by 1975.[37]

Field ambulance[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BVP-1 AMB-S Field ambulance ≈100  Czechoslovakia Syrian BVP-1 AMB-S.png Deployed in the Rif Dimashq Governorate campaign in Syrian Civil War.

Armored recovery vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BREM-1 / BREM-2[38] Armored recovery vehicle ≈100  Soviet Union Syrian BREM-1.png Deployed in the Rif Dimashq Governorate campaign in Syrian Civil War.[39]

Logistics and utility vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
MAZ-7310 8×8 artillery truck 200  Soviet Union 9P117 9K72.jpg Main role is to carry the R-17 Elbrus Scud-B ballistic missile.
Ural-4320 6×6 off-road truck 500  Soviet Union Ural-4320 - TankBiathlon2013-33.jpg 25 Ural-4320-31 armored trucks were given by Russia to secure transport of Syria's chemical weapons arsenal.[33][34]
Ural-375D 6×6 4.5 ton truck 350  Soviet Union URAL-375D pic3.JPG Transport vehicle, another use is being a BM-21 multiple rocket launcher.
ZIL 131 6×6 3.5 ton truck 300  Soviet Union Interpolitex 2011 (402-47).jpg Cargo truck, also can become a BM-21 multiple rocket launcher.
ZIL-135 Artillery truck 84  Soviet Union ZIL135 LM vorn.JPG Main role is to carry the FROG-7 ballistic missile.
ZIL-157 6×6 2.5 ton truck 84  Soviet Union ZiL-157 truck in Russia.jpg
KAMAZ-43114 6×6 side truck 100  Russia 106th Guards Airborne Division (394-44).jpg 50 were given by Russia to secure transport of Syria's chemical weapons arsenal.[33]
GAZ-66 4×4 off-road truck 200  Soviet Union ГАЗ-66 в Хабаровске.JPG Transport vehicle for motorized infantry.
GAZ-3308 4×4 utility truck 144[40]  Russia Gorky Automobile Plant in Nizhniy Novgorod (30).jpg Transport vehicle for motorized infantry.
Sinotruk Howo 4×4 side truck N/A  People's Republic of China Syrian Sinotruk Howo.png Transport vehicle for motorized infantry.
UAZ-469 Military All-terrain vehicle N/A  Soviet Union Uaz-469-1.jpg
Rys LMV Infantry mobility vehicle N/A  Italy
 Russia
Iveco LMV Lynx photo002.jpg One was in use by the Tiger Forces in the Deir Hafer Plains, Aleppo province.[41]

Artillery[edit]

Mortars[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
PM-37 Mortar 200  Soviet Union Zagan 82 mm moździerz wz 37.jpg 82mm mortar.
2B9 Vasilek Mortar N/A  Soviet Union 2B9 Vasilek mortar-4058.JPG 82mm mortar.
PM-43 Mortar 700  Soviet Union 120 mm regimental mortar M1943.jpg 120mm mortar.
M1938 Mortar 200  Soviet Union 50mm Company Mortar M1938 (RM-38).jpg 120mm mortar.
M1943 Mortar 100  Soviet Union 160mm Mortar M1943 002.jpg 160mm mortar.
M-160 Mortar N/A  Soviet Union 160-мм миномёт М-160.jpg 160mm mortar.
M-240 Mortar 10  Soviet Union 240 mm mortar M-240-4043.JPG 240mm mortar.

Field artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
A-19 Howitzer 100  Soviet Union 122 mm gun (A-19) displayed at the Museum of Heroic Defense and Liberation of Sevastopol on Sapun Mountain.JPG 122mm.
M-30 Howitzer 150  Soviet Union M30 howitzer nn 1.jpg 122mm.
D-74 Field Gun 400  Soviet Union Iraqi Type 59 130 mm field gun.JPEG 122mm. In storage.
D-30 Howitzer 600  Soviet Union D-30-122mm-howitzer-batey-haosef-1.jpg 122mm.
M-46 Field Gun 800  Soviet Union A412 130 mm M1982.JPG 130mm.
D-20 Howitzer 20  Soviet Union Howitzer D-20.jpg 152mm.
ML-20 Howitzer 50  Soviet Union 152mm howitzer-gun M1937 (ML-20 ) in Perm.jpg 152mm.
D-1 Howitzer 20  Soviet Union Verkhnyaya Pyshma Tank Museum 2012 0016.jpg 152mm.
S-23[42] Howitzer 10  Soviet Union S-23 gun.JPG 180mm.
ZiS-2 Anti-tank Gun N/A  Soviet Union Zis2 nn.jpg 57mm.
D-44 Anti-tank Gun N/A  Soviet Union D-44-beyt-hatotchan-1.jpg 85mm.
D-48 Anti-tank Gun N/A  Soviet Union 85-mm antitank gun D-48 left KY.jpg 85mm.
T-12 Anti-tank Gun N/A  Soviet Union 100-мм противотанковая пушка Т-12 Рапира (2).jpg 100mm.
BS-3 Anti-tank Gun N/A  Soviet Union 100 mm field gun M1944 (BS-3) 1.JPG 100mm.

Self-propelled field artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
T-34/D-30 Self-propelled howitzer 36  Soviet Union
 Syria
D-30-T-34-batey-haosef-4.jpg D-30 mounted on T-34. 122mm.
2S1 Gvozdika Self-propelled howitzer 300  Soviet Union 2S1 Gvozdika.jpg 122mm.
2S3 Akatsiya Self-propelled howitzer 100  Soviet Union 2S3 Akatsiya.jpg 152mm
2S4 Tyulpan Mortar carrier 24  Soviet Union 240-mm self-propelled mortar 2B8 (SAC-2S4).JPG 240mm

Multiple launch rocket systems[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
BM-21 Grad Multiple rocket launcher 200  Soviet Union BM-21Ural-375D.jpg 122mm.
BM-27 Uragan Multiple rocket launcher 36  Soviet Union 9P140 Uragan.jpg 220mm. Spotted in November 2014 during the Syrian Civil War, most likely delivered by Russia.[43]
BM-30 Smerch Multiple rocket launcher N/A  Soviet Union 2011 Moscow Victory Day Parade (360-24).jpg 300mm. Presence confirmed by use of the 9M55K cluster munition used by the system.[44] Syria received several BM-30s in the midst the Syrian Civil War from either Belarus or more likely Russia, which delivered them in early 2014.[45]
Type 63 Multiple rocket launcher 100  China
 Iran
H12 Type 63 multiple rocket launcher.JPG 107mm.
Khaibar Multiple rocket launcher 100  China
 Syria
Khaibar.jpg 302mm
Fajr-3 Multiple rocket launcher N/A  Iran 240mm.
Fajr-5 Multiple rocket launcher N/A  Iran Fajr5.jpg 333mm.
Ra'ad Multiple rocket launcher N/A  Iran 220mm.
Falaq-2 Multiple rocket launcher N/A  Iran 333mm.
TOS-1 Thermobaric multiple rocket launcher 1+  Soviet Union ТОС-1А Буратино на репетиции парада 4.5.2010.jpg 220mm, some TOS-1s were delivered by Russia in late 2015.[5]

Anti-air guns and systems[edit]

Towed anti-aircraft artillery[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
ZPU Anti-aircraft gun 1,500+  Soviet Union
 China
Syrian ZPU-4.png 14.5mm single, twin and quad mount. Also mounted on technicals.[46]
ZU-23-2 Anti-aircraft gun 650+  Soviet Union Syrian ZU-23-2.png 23 mm, 2 barrels.
M1939 Anti-aircraft gun 300+  Soviet Union 61-K.jpg 37 mm.
S-60 Anti-aircraft gun 875  Soviet Union S-60-57mm-hatzerim-1.jpg 57 mm.
KS-12 Anti-aircraft gun 100+  Soviet Union 85 mm air defense gun KS 12-4646.JPG 85 mm.
KS-19 Anti-aircraft gun 100+  Soviet Union KS-19.jpg 100 mm.
Type 65 Anti-aircraft gun N/A  People's Republic of China Type 65 Twin 37 antiaircraft gun.jpg 37 mm, 2 barrels.

Towed air defence[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
S-75 Dvina (SA-2 S-75M Volga Version of the 1995 year) Strategic SAM system 320[47]  Soviet Union S-75.JPG
S-125 Neva/Pechora (SA-3 Pechora + Pechora-2M) Strategic SAM system 148[47] + 12[48]  Soviet Union Newa NTW 9 93.jpg
S-200 (SA-5) Strategic SAM system 2 defense regiment comprising 2 divisions including 2 batteries S-200 (44 launchers) in service as of 2010[49]  Soviet Union ZRK S-200V 2007 G1.jpg Command post S-300 can manage in any combination the elements of S-200 and S-300.[50][51][52]

Self-propelled air defence[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
ZSU-57-2 "Sparka" Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun 10[1]  Soviet Union ZSU-57-2 Hun 2010 02.jpg All in storage. Some units reactivated during Civil War
ZSU-23-4 "Shilka" Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun 400[1]  Soviet Union ZSU-23-4 Shilka 01.jpg 23 mm.
2K12 Kub (SA-6) Self-propelled SAM system 195[47] 200 (As for 2012)[53]  Soviet Union Sa6 1.jpg
9K33 Osa (SA-8) Self-propelled SAM system 14-60,[1][54] 14 batteries (60 launchers – autonomous war machines)[55]  Soviet Union Bulgarian SA-8.jpg Two were captured by Liwa al-Islam.
9K31 Strela-1 (SA-9) Self-propelled SAM system 20[1]  Soviet Union Strieła-1 NTW 9 93.jpg
9K37 Buk (SA-11) Self-propelled SAM system 20[1]  Soviet Union ZRK BUK M1 2005 G1.jpg
9K35 Strela-10 (SA-13) Self-propelled SAM system 30[1]  Soviet Union 2015-05-05. Репетиция парада Победы 098.jpg
9K37M2E Buk-M2E (SA-17) Self-propelled SAM system At least 10  Russia April 9th rehearsal in Alabino of 2014 Victory Day Parade (558-44).jpg Observed in use at Al-Mezzah.[56]
9M311-1M Tunguska (SA-19) Self-propelled air-defence system 6[57]  Soviet Union 2008 Moscow Victory Day Parade - 9K22 Tunguska.jpg
S-300 (missile) (S-300 SA-20A / SA-20B surface-to-air missile systems Delivery not completed, status unclear.[58][59][60][61][62]  Russia 2008 Moscow Victory Day Parade - S-300 TEL.jpg not total more 6[59] systems and missile 144.[60] There is missiles (With photo[61] missiles in army, but no text on the availability (2014))[62]
Pantsir-S1 (SA-22) Self-propelled SAM system 36–50[63]+10 In 2016, +1RL-123E Early detection radar, +command posts.[64]  Russia 2011 Moscow Victory Day Parade (358-23).jpg

Ballistic missiles[edit]

Tactical ballistic missiles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
FROG-7[65] Tactical ballistic missile ≈18 mobile launchers[66]  Soviet Union Luna m frog 7 hameenlinna 1.jpg Unknown number of missiles.
Scud-B[65] Tactical ballistic missile ≈42 mobile launchers[66]  Soviet Union
 North Korea
Scud Transporter Erector Launcher (TEL) with missile in upright position
≈200 missiles
OTR-21 Tochka[65] Tactical ballistic missile ≈12 mobile launchers[66]  Soviet Union Точка-У.jpg ≈100 missiles
9K720 Iskander Tactical ballistic missile 24[67]  Russia Moscow Victory Parade 2010 - Training on May 4 - img14.jpg Downgraded export variant Iskander E ordered in 2006 – Status unclear.[68]
Hwasong-6[65] Tactical ballistic missile ≈160 missiles[66]  North Korea
Hwasong 6.jpg
North Korean Scud C Version.
Hwasong-7[65] Tactical ballistic missile ≈100 missiles[66]  North Korea North Korean Scud D Version.
Fateh-110[65] Tactical ballistic missile 900+ missiles[66]  Iran Fateh-110-new-TEL.jpg Local designation M-600 or Tashreen.
Zelzal-2[69] Tactical ballistic missile N/A  Iran
Zelzal-3 Tactical ballistic missile N/A  Iran Zelzal 3 2012.jpg
Shahab-2 Tactical ballistic missile N/A  Iran Shahab 2 tehran 2012.jpg At least one used in February 2014 according with a video upload by foreign insurgents.[70][71]

Command posts[edit]

Higher level command posts (HLCPs)[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Senezh-M1E[72] General-purpose self-acting[73] HLCPs N/A[53][74]  Soviet Union Photography on the site developer As an option, with the use of HLCP, management of all types of air defense systems, the Air Force and all kinds of radar air defense forces. Effective radius of 1,600 km for 77 fired targets[75] May receive data order to send target indication for different systems.[76]

Unmanned aerial vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Photo Notes
La-17RM Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Soviet Union Lavochkin La-17R at Khodynka Field.jpg Reconnaissance drone. Withdrawn from service.
Tu-143 Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Soviet Union Tu-143 Reis.jpg Reconnaissance drone. Withdrawn from service.
Ababil Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Iran Ababil.png Medium-range reconnaissance/surveillance and short/medium-range attack drone.
Mohajer 4 Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Iran Mohajer 4.png Reconnaissance drone. Used during the Syrian Civil War since late 2012.[77]
Yasir Unmanned aerial vehicle N/A  Iran ScanEagle UAV catapult launcher 2005-04-16.jpg Reconnaissance drone. Used during the Syrian Civil War since late 2013.[78]

Unmanned combat air vehicles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Origin Notes
Shahed 129 Unmanned combat air vehicle N/A  Iran Spotted in Syria on 10 April 2014 over Al-Maliha, East-Ghouta (Damascus), it was used for reconnaissance without missiles.[79]

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External links[edit]