List of equipment of the Estonian Defence Forces

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Military equipment of the Estonian Defence Forces is a list of modern military equipment currently in service with the Estonian Defence Forces.

Personal equipment[edit]

A soldier from the Scouts Battalion in ESTDCU firing his Galil SAR.

The equipment of the Estonian Land Forces troops includes:

Weapons[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Caliber Notes
Pistols
Heckler & Koch USP HKUSP.png  Germany Semi-automatic pistol 9×19mm Parabellum Standard issue pistol.[1]
Submachine guns
Uzi Uzi of the israeli armed forces.jpg  Israel Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum Variant Mini Uzi.[2] Purchased from Israel in 1993.[3]
Heckler & Koch MP5 Heckler & Koch MP5 b.jpg  Germany Submachine gun 9×19mm Parabellum Used weapons purchased from Norway in 2013 to replace Carl Gustav m/45 submachine guns.[4][5]
Shotguns
Benelli M3 Benelli M3 Super 90.jpg  Italy Semi-automatic shotgun 12 gauge Variant M3T.[6]
Assault rifles
LMT R-20 RAHE LMT CQBMLK16PS-MARS.svg  United States Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO The rifle selected is the LMT MARS family of rifles, including the AR 15 type and AR 10 type rifles in addition to 40mm Grenade Launchers. The initial deliveries of rifles and accessories will commence in 2019 and is projected to be completed by 2021 with options for future modernization over the next 20 years.[7]
IMI Galil Galil.jpg  Israel Assault rifle 5.56×45mm NATO Variants AR, SAR and ARM. Purchased from Israel in 1993.[3] Standard issue assault rifle, in service with the 1st Infantry Brigade.[8][9][10] To be replaced by 2021.[11][12]
Heckler & Koch G3 AK4OR.jpg  Sweden
 Norway
 Germany
Battle rifle 7.62×51mm NATO Variants Ak4, G3A3ZF, G3A4 and AG3F2. Standard issue assault rifle, in service with the 2nd Infantry Brigade.[13][14][5] To be replaced by 2021.[11][12]
Sniper rifles
Galil Sniper (Galatz) Galil-Sniper-Galatz-r001.jpg  Israel Sniper rifle 7.62×51mm NATO Purchased from Israel in 1993.[3][15]
M14 M14 Stand-off Munitions Disruptor (SMUD) (7414626342).jpg  United States
 Estonia
Sniper rifle 7.62×51mm NATO 40 500 M14 rifles donated by USA in 1998. Some were modified to M14 TP2 sniper rifles by E-Arsenal in Estonia.[16] Equipped with a Schmidt & Bender 3-12x50 scope.[17]
Sako TRG Sako TRG folding stock + Zeiss 3-12x56 SSG P.JPG  Finland Sniper rifle .338 Lapua Magnum Variant Sako TRG-42.[18] Purchased in 2007.[19]
PGM Hécate II PGM-Hecate-seul-img 1008.jpg  France Sniper rifle 12.7×99mm NATO Purchased in 2007.[19][20]
Machine guns
IMI Negev IWI-Negev-Zachi-Evenor-01-white.jpg  Israel Light machine gun 5.56×45mm NATO Purchased from Israel in 1993.[3][21]
FN MAG Kulspruta 58 001.jpg  Sweden General-purpose machine gun 7.62×51mm NATO Variant Kulspruta 58 B.[22] Donated by Sweden between 1999-2002.[3][23]
Rheinmetall MG3 BundeswehrMG3.jpg  Germany General-purpose machine gun 7.62×51mm NATO Roughly 1500 donated by Germany.[23] Unknown number purchased from Norway in 2013.[5][24]
M2 Browning PEO Browning M2E2 QCB.jpg  United States Heavy machine gun 12.7×99mm NATO [25]
Grenade launchers
Brügger & Thomet GL-06 Fusell boler, llançadora i subfusell.JPG   Switzerland Grenade launcher 40x46mm Stand alone grenade launcher. New weapon design (2006). Excellent accuracy. The GL-06 is the middle weapon pictured. [26]
Heckler & Koch AG-C/GLM HK AGCEGLM.jpg  Germany Grenade launcher 40x46mm Under barrel weapon designed to fit on many types of assault rifles. Latest H & K design.[27]
Heckler & Koch HK79 HK69A1 40 kranaattipistooli 2002.JPG  Germany Grenade launcher 40x46mm Under barrel 1970's design for G3 rifles. (HK69 - stand alone weapon pictured - HK 79 is a variant.) Purchased from Norway in 2013.[5][28]
Anti-armour weapons
B-300 Mk 153 SMAW.png  Israel Rocket launcher 82mm Purchased from Israel in 1993.[3][29]
Carl Gustav M3E1.jpg  Sweden Recoilless rifle 84mm Variants M2 and M3.[30][31] Donated by Sweden.[3] Unknown number purchased from Norway in 2013.[5]
C90-CR (M3) C-90.jpg  Spain Rocket-propelled grenade 90mm Variants C-90-CR-RB (M3), C-90-CR-AM (M3) and C-90-CR-BK (M3).[32][33][34] Initial batch purchased in 2009. More purchased in 2010[35] and 2018[36].
MILAN Milan 2.jpg  France Anti-tank guided missile 115mm Variant Milan 2.[37] Purchased from Germany at around 2004.[38]
FGM-148 Javelin FGM-148 Javelin (5160721562).jpg  United States Anti-tank guided missile 127mm 80 CLU (with option for additional 40) and 350 missiles purchased from the United States.[39] Block-0 and Block-1 missiles supplied with United States European Reassurance Initiative funds.[40]
MAPATS MAPATS.jpg  Israel Anti-tank guided missile 148mm Purchased from Israel in 1993.[3][41] No longer in active service. Will be replaced in near term.[42]
Spike SPIKE ATGM.jpg  Germany Anti-tank guided missile 130mm 18 Spike LR systems to be delivered by EuroSpike GmbH, beginning in 2020.[43]
Air defence weapons
ZU-23-2 Zu-23 30 M1-3 - InnovationDay2013part1-40.jpg  Soviet Union Autocannon 23×152mm Purchased from Israel in 1993.[3][44]
Mistral 54RA-IMG 9142.jpg  France Surface-to-air missile 90mm Purchased in 2007 from MBDA with SAAB Giraffe AMB radars for 1st Infantry Brigade.[45] At least 40 launchers delivered.[46] Mistral 3 missiles received in 2015.[47]
Mortars
B455 Ex STEADFAST JAZZ (10668560976).jpg  Israel Mortar 81mm Purchased from Israel in 1993.[3] 41 mortars in holding as of 2010.[48]
NM 95 (L-16A1) 81mmMORT L16.png  United Kingdom Mortar 81mm 10 mortars in holding as of 2010.[48]
M252 M252 mortar usmc.jpg  United States Mortar 81mm 80 mortars received from the United States in 2010 as military aid.[49]
2B11 120 mm mortar 2B11.jpg  Soviet Union Mortar 120mm 14 mortars in holding as of 2010.[48]
m/41D LT M41D.jpg  Finland
 Sweden
Mortar 120mm 165 mortars in holding as of 2010.[48]
Howitzers
H63 (D-30) Хаубица Д-30 122мм.jpg  Soviet Union Howitzer 122mm 42 howitzers purchased from Finland in 2009 to replace previously used 105mm howitzers.[50]
FH-70 JGSDF FH70 howitzer(0412) left front view at Camp Yao October 16, 2016.jpg  Germany Howitzer 155 mm 24 howitzers in holding as of 2010.[48] Purchased from Germany at around 2004.[38]

Vehicles[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
Armoured fighting vehicles
K9 Thunder Lippujuhlan päivän 2017 paraati 104 K9 Thunder.JPG  South Korea Self-propelled artillery 155 mm (18) 18 self-propelled howitzers on order.[51] Deliveries to start in 2020.[52][53]
Combat Vehicle 90 Combat Vehicle 90 at Estonian parade-902243.jpeg  Sweden Infantry fighting vehicle armed with 35mm Bushmaster III autocannons 44[54] 44 CV9035 purchased from Netherlands and 37 hulls bought from Norway. 31 CV90 hulls to be converted into support vehicles (command post, air defense, anti-tank, combat engineers, reconnaissance, technical support, evacuation, 120 mm mortars carrier, mortar fire control center, mortar ammunition transporters). 6 to be repaired and maintained, including two driver training vehicles.[55][56][57]
Support vehicle 31 to be converted
Patria Pasi XA-180EST in Afghanistan.jpg  Finland Armoured personnel carrier 136 XA-180: 60 units purchased from Finland (56 in service).
XA-188: 81 units purchased from Netherlands (80 in service).[58]
Mamba APC SANDF Armed Forces Day 2017 - South African Army Mamba MkIII APC (32203158584).jpg  South Africa Armoured personnel carrier 1 7 vehicles purchased from United Kingdom in 2004 for foreign missions.[59] One sent back to Estonia in 2014 after the end of mission in Afghanistan.[60] [61]
Engineering vehicles
Bergepanzer 2 Leopard 1 ARV photo-022.JPG  Germany Armoured recovery vehicle 2 Purchased from Netherlands.[62]
Dachs Pionierpanzer Dachs right Side.jpg  Germany Armoured engineering vehicle 2 Purchased from Netherlands.[62]
Biber Panzerschnellbruecke Biber auf Brueckenleger.jpg  Germany Armoured vehicle-launched bridge 2 Purchased from Netherlands.[62]
Mercedes-Benz Actros SgBAFz Bison der Bundeswehr.jpg  Germany Recovery vehicle at least 2 [63]
TMM-3M ТММ-3 - На полигоне инженерных войск в подмосковном Николо-Урюпино показали боевую работу Уран-6 и Уран-14 01.jpg  Ukraine
 Finland
Truck launched bridge 4+ Purchased from Ukraine in 2015.[64]

Additional systems donated by Finland in 2017.[65]

Logistics vehicles
MAN KAT1 Bundeswehr MAN 5to.gl.jpg  Germany Military truck Variants 4610, 4620 and 4640 as of 2015.[66][67]
DAF F218 series YA-4440 pic1.JPG  Netherlands Military truck Purchased from Netherlands in 2008.[68] Variants DAF YAL 4440 and YAL 4442 as of 2015.[66]
Mercedes-Benz 1017A MB 1017.jpg  Germany Military truck Purchased from Germany in 2008.[68]
Mercedes-Benz Unimog Unimog 1300L.jpg  Germany Military truck Purchased from Germany in 2008.[68][69] Variants U1300 and U1700 as of 2015.[66]
Volvo FMX Předslav-Makov, tahač (8748).jpg  Sweden Military truck 12 Purchased in 2015.[70]
Bandvagn 206 Hagglunds Bv206 25th US Marines 2.jpg  Sweden Troop carrier [71]
Utility vehicles
Mercedes-Benz G-Class MB250GD Wolf.jpg  Germany Military light utility vehicle Variants G250 and G290 as of 2015.[66][72]
Motorcycles
Husqvarna 258A MT Motorcykel 258 Revinge 2014-2.jpg  Sweden Motorcycle [73]

Ships[edit]

Class Image Origin Type Ship Notes
Lindormen-class A433 Wambola at Quay 6 in Miinisadam Tallinn 6 November 2016.jpg  Denmark Auxiliary ship EML Wambola (A433) Purchased from Denmark in 2006. Commissioned in 2016 to replace EML Tasuja (A432)
Sandown-class Admiral Cowan, 2010.jpg  United Kingdom Minehunter EML Admiral Cowan (M313)
EML Sakala (M314)
EML Ugandi (M315)
Purchased from United Kingdom in 2006.

Aircraft[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
Aircraft
Antonov An-2 Antonov An2T 40 yellow (9502948811).jpg  Soviet Union Military transport aircraft 2 Will be replaced by PZL M28's
PZL M28 Skytruck PZL M28 Bryza MW (03).jpg  Poland Military transport aircraft 1[74] 2 to be received. Gifted by the United States.[75]
Aero L-39 Albatros L-39 Albatros estonian.jpg  Czech Republic Jet trainer 2 Rented from Aerohooldus OÜ and Sky LLC since 2015. Used for TACP training.[76][77]
Robinson R44 Estonian Air Force, 63, Robinson R44 Clipper (37433210111).jpg  United States Helicopter 4 Received in 2002 from United States as a donation.[76][78] Used for surveillance, search and rescue, and training.[79]
AeroVironment RQ-20 Puma U S Marine Corps RQ-20 Puma 4-M-DE476-005.png  United States Unmanned aerial vehicle Undisclosed number or RQ-20B Puma AE II systems to be delivered by 2021.[80]

Radars[edit]

Model Image Origin Type Number Notes
AN/TPS-77 RAAF AN-FPS-117 radar in 2007.jpg  United States Passive electronically scanned array 1 Purchased in 2003. Placed at Kellavere.[81][82] Modernized in 2014.[83]
VERA-E  Czech Republic Passive radar 1[84] Purchased in 2004.[81][82]
Giraffe AMB EGLF - Giraffe AMB (42723328695).jpg  Sweden Passive electronically scanned array 4[84] Used with Mistral surface-to-air missile systems.
Ground Master 403 Ground Master 403 (KEVA2010) Kokonaisturvallisuus 2015 01.JPG  France Active electronically scanned array 2 Purchased in 2009.[81][82] Mounted on Sisu E13TP trucks.[85]
GCA-2020  United States Precision approach radar 1 Transportable version ordered in 2013. Used at Ämari Air Base.[83]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]