Equipment of the Pakistan Army

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Pakistan Army
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Nishan-e-Haider

The equipment currently in use by the Pakistan Army is divided into the following main sections: infantry weapons, armour, artillery, aircraft and air defence systems.

Infantry weapons[edit]

Small arms[edit]

Name Photo Type Origin Notes
SIG Sauer P226 SIG P226 img 1624.jpg Semi-automatic pistol  Germany SIG Sauer P226 and P229. Used by Special Services Group [1]
Glock Glock 17 MOD 45154998.jpg Semi-automatic pistol  Austria Glock 17 and 19. Used by Special Services Group. [1]
Heckler & Koch P7 Heckler&Koch P7K3 leftside.JPG Semi-automatic pistol  West Germany Used by Special Services Group. [1]
Heckler & Koch MP5 MP5.jpg Submachine gun  West Germany [2] MP5A2, MP5P3 variants manufactured by POF. [3]
Colt M4 M4A1 ACOG.jpg Carbine  United States Used by Special Services Group. [4] M4A1 variant. [5]
Steyr AUG AUG A1 508mm 04.jpg Bullpup assault rifle  Austria Used by Special Services Group. [4]
Type 56 Norinco type 56.jpg Assault rifle  China Chinese clone of AK-47. Used in large numbers. [6]
Heckler & Koch G3 DCB Shooting G3 pictures.jpg Battle rifle  West Germany Pakistan Army's service rifle. [6] G3A3, G3P4 variants manufactured by POF. [7]
RPD LMG-RPD-44.jpg Light machine gun  Soviet Union [8]
Rheinmetall MG 3 A SMG produced at POF WAH.jpg General-purpose machine gun  West Germany [9] MG1A3 variant manufactured by POF. [10]
Steyr SSG 69 Steyr SSG 69.jpg Sniper rifle  Austria [11]
Accuracy International Arctic Warfare Accuracy International AW.png Sniper rifle  United Kingdom Used by Special Services Group. [12]
Barrett M82 M82A1 barrett.jpeg Anti-materiel rifle  United States [13]
RPA Rangemaster .50 Anti-materiel rifle  United Kingdom [14]
GP-25 Georgian under barrel grenade launchers stc delta (3).JPG Under-barrel grenade launcher  Soviet Union [15] Pakistani variant. [16]

Light weapons[edit]

Name Photo Type Origin Notes
RPG-7 RPG-7 detached.jpg Rocket-propelled grenade launcher  Soviet Union [17]
Alcotán-100 Alcotán 100.JPG Anti-tank rocket launcher  Spain Alcotan-AT (M2) variant. [18]
QLZ87 Type 87 Grenade Launcher.jpg Automatic grenade launcher  China [19]
Mk 19 MK19-02.jpg Automatic grenade launcher  United States [20]
SPG-9 SPG-9M rus.jpeg Recoilless rifle  Soviet Union [21]
M40A1 Rcl106lat2.jpg Recoilless rifle  United States [22]
Norinco Type 63-1 Light mortar  China 60 mm mortar. An improved variant is in service. [23]
Hotchkiss Brandt MO-81-61 Mortier 81 LLR 03.jpg Mortar  France 81 mm mortar. MO-81-61 C Short barrel and MO-81-61 L Long barrel mortars in service. [24][25]
Brandt MO-120-AM-50 M67 Mor120.jpg Heavy mortar  France 120 mm mortar. [26][27]

Hand grenade and mines[edit]

Name Type Origin Notes
Arges 84 Hand grenade  Austria [28] P2A1 variant manufactured by POF. [29]
P4 Anti-personnel mine  Pakistan [30] Blast mine. Manufactured by POF. [31]
P7 Anti-personnel mine  Pakistan [32] Bounding fragmentation mine. Manufactured by POF as the Mine AP Fragmentation (Shrapnel). [33]
M18A1 Claymore Anti-personnel mine  United States [34] Directional fragmentation mine. P5 Mk1 variant manufactured by POF as the Remote Control Fragmentation Device. [18]
P3 Mk2 Anti-tank mine  Pakistan [35] Manufactured by POF. [31]

Armour[edit]

Main battle tanks, troop carriers and tank destroyers[edit]

Name Type Origin Quantity Notes
Al-Khalid Main battle tank  China 324
9 (Al-Khalid 1)
As of mid-2016. [36][31][37][33][18]
T-80UD Main battle tank  Ukraine 320 Delivered by Ukraine between 1997 and 1999. [38]
Al-Zarrar Main battle tank  China
 Pakistan
504 As of mid-2014. [36][31][37]
Type 85-IIAP Main battle tank  China 267 Delivered by China between 1992 and 1996. [39][40][41][42][43][44]
Type 69-IIMP Main battle tank  China 158 290 Type 69-IIMP manufactured by HIT. [45] 132 tanks were refitted with 100 mm gun and handed over to Frontier Corps between 2008 and 2010. [46][47]
Type 59 Main battle tank  China 600 [48]
M113 Armored personnel carrier  United States 2132 M113 A1/A2/P variants in service. [18] 1158 M113 A1/A2 APCs rebuilt by HIT till April 2008. [49] 374 M113A2 delivered by U.S. as Excess Defense Articles (EDA) in 2014. [50][51] Nearly 600 surplus VCC-1 and VCC-2 APCs delivered by Italy in 2014. [52]
Talha Armoured personnel carrier  United States
 Pakistan
250 [36][53]
Saad Armoured personnel carrier  United States
 Pakistan
-- [54]
Sakb Armoured command vehicle  United States
 Pakistan
-- [55][56]
Maaz Tank destroyer using ATGMs  United States
 Pakistan
33 33 Maaz manufactured between 2010 and 2015. [57][58][31][37][33]
M901 ITV Tank destroyer using ATGMs  United States 24 [59]
BMC - Kirpi Infantry mobility vehicle  Turkey -- Undisclosed number on order. [60]
Casspir MRAP vehicle  South Africa -- [61]
International MaxxPro MRAP vehicle  United States 20 20 MaxxPro and two haulers. [62] 40 MaxxPro Dash DXM MRAPs on order. [63]

Engineering vehicles[edit]

Name Type Origin Quantity Notes
M88A1 Armoured recovery vehicle  United States 52 [64]
W653 Armoured recovery vehicle  China 174 174 ARV W653 rebuilt by HIT till April 2008. [49] 36 W653 upgraded to W653A standard between 2009 and 2012. [47][57][58]
Al-Khalid AVLB Armoured vehicle-launched bridge  China
 Pakistan
8 [37][33][18]
M48 AVLB Armoured vehicle-launched bridge  United States -- [64]
MVRDE M47M AVLB Armoured vehicle-launched bridge  United States
 Pakistan
-- [65]
MVRDE Trawl Anti-Mine Mine roller  Soviet Union
 Pakistan
53 Pakistani manufactured variant of the Soviet PT-55. In service as of 2001. [66] 53 additional systems manufactured between 2007 and 2009. [49][46]
MVRDE Dragon Mine plough  Pakistan -- [67]
Aardvark JSFU Mine flail  United Kingdom -- Mark III variant. [68][69]
Buffalo Explosives detection and disposal vehicle  United States 20 [51]

Artillery[edit]

Name Type Calibre Origin Quantity Notes
A-100 Multiple rocket launcher 300 mm  China 48 36 launchers acquired till 2011. [70] 12 more delivered in 2012 & 2013. [71][72]
KRL 122 Multiple rocket launcher 122 mm  North Korea
 Pakistan
-- Pakistani manufactured variant of the North Korean BM-11. [70]
M110 Self-propelled gun 203 mm  United States 40 M110A2 variant in service. [73][74]
M109 Self-propelled gun 155 mm  United States 267 152 M109A2 [73] and 115 M109A5. [75]
M115 Towed howitzer 203 mm  United States 26 [76]
M198 Towed howitzer 155 mm  United States 124 [77]
M114 Towed howitzer 155 mm  United States 60 [78]
Type 59-1 Field gun 130 mm  China 87 Delivered in 1998 & 2000. [79][80]
Norinco D-30 Towed howitzer 122 mm  China 179 143 delivered in 2003 & 2004. [81][82][83] 36 more acquired in 2013 & 2014. [37]
Type 54-1 Towed howitzer 122 mm  China 400 [84]
M101 Towed howitzer 105 mm  United States 300 [85]
OTO Melara Mod 56 Pack howitzer 105 mm  Italy 50 [86]
Ordnance QF 25-pounder Field gun 88 mm  United Kingdom -- [87]

Air defence[edit]

Surface-to-air missiles[edit]

Name Type Origin Quantity Notes
LY-80 Medium range SAM system  China 3 systems Three regiments comprising 9 systems/batteries ordered. [37][33] First regiment delivered in January 2017. [88]
FM-90 Short range SAM system  China -- [89]
RBS 70 MANPADS  Sweden 1711 missiles 913 Mk 1 [46], 85 Mk 2 and 713 Bolide Mk 2. [33][90][91] Used in MANPADS configuration, vehicle application includes RBS 70 VLM mounted on M113A2 APCs. [92]
FN-6 MANPADS  China 500 missiles [93][33]
Anza Mk-II MANPADS  China
 Pakistan
-- [94]
FIM-92 Stinger MANPADS  United States -- FIM-92A variant. [94]

Anti-aircraft guns[edit]

Name Type Calibre Origin Quantity Notes
Type 85 Heavy machine gun 12.7 mm  China -- [14]
Type 54 Heavy machine gun 12.7 mm  China -- [94] Manufactured by POF. [95]
Type 58
Type 56
Anti-aircraft gun 14.5 mm  China -- [94]
Oerlikon GDF Autocannon 35 mm   Switzerland 248 200 guns in service as of 2003. [96] 48 more acquired between 2006 and 2015. [97][31][37][33] GDF-005 variant. [98]
Type 55
Type 65
Anti-aircraft gun 37 mm  China 700 [94]
Type 59 Autocannon 57 mm  China -- [94]

Radars[edit]

Name Type Origin Quantity Notes
RASIT-E Ground surveillance radar  France -- [99]
SLC-2 Counter-battery radar  China -- [100]
AN/TPQ-36 Firefinder Counter-battery radar  United States -- [101]
IBIS-150 Air surveillance radar  China 4 12 radars ordered as part of LY-80 air defence system procurement program. [31][37] First LY-80 regiment delivered in January 2017. [88]

Aircraft inventory[edit]

Helicopters[edit]

Aircraft Role Origin Quantity Notes
Bell AH-1Z Viper Attack helicopter  United States -- 12 helicopters on order. [102]
TAI/AgustaWestland T129 ATAK Attack helicopter  Turkey
 Italy
-- 30 helicopters on order. [103]
Mil Mi-35M Attack helicopter  Russia 4 [104]
Bell AH-1F Cobra Attack helicopter  United States 48 [105]
Airbus H125M/AS550 C3 Fennec Armed reconnaissance helicopter  France 10 10 in service. [106][107] 8 additional helicopters to be delivered in April 2017. [108]
Bell 206B JetRanger Scout helicopter  United States 18 [105][109]
Mil Mi-17/171 Transport helicopter  Soviet Union 46 [105]
AgustaWestland AW139 Utility helicopter  Italy 5 [105]
Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma Utility helicopter  France 44 SA 330L and IAR 330L. [105][106][110]
Bell 412EP Utility helicopter  United States 34 [105][111]
Airbus H125/AS350 B3 Écureuil Utility helicopter  France 10 10 delivered in 2006. [106] 13 additional helicopters on order. [33][18]
Aérospatiale SA 315B Lama Utility helicopter  France 18 [105]
Aérospatiale Alouette III Utility helicopter  France 13 SA 316B and IAR 316B. [105][112][113]
Bell UH-1H Iroquois Utility helicopter  United States 1 [105]
Enstrom 280FX Trainer helicopter  United States 4 [114]
Sikorsky S-300C Trainer helicopter  United States 24 [107]

Unmanned aerial vehicles[edit]

Aircraft Role Origin Notes
NESCOM Burraq Unmanned combat aerial vehicle  China
 Pakistan
[115]
GIDS Shahpar Unmanned aerial vehicle  China
 Pakistan
[115]
GIDS Uqab Unmanned aerial vehicle  Pakistan [116]
EMT Luna X-2000 Unmanned aerial vehicle  Germany [117]
SATUMA Salaar Miniature UAV  Pakistan [118]

Anti-tank missiles[edit]

Name Type Quantity Comments
ChinaPakistan Baktar-Shikan Anti-tank missile 21,350 Manufactured under license by Kahuta Research Laboratories of Pakistan. 21,350 produced between 1990 and 2012.[119]
United States BGM-71 TOW Anti-tank missile 1,005 Delivered by United States between 1983 - 1986.[citation needed]
United States BGM-71C Anti-tank missile 2,030 Delivered between 1987 - 1990.[119]
United States TOW-2A Anti-tank missile 4,790 Delivered between 2006 - 2008 and 2008 - 2011.[119]
United States TOW-2RF Anti-tank missile 422 Delivered between 2008 - 2011.[119]
Soviet Union AT-11 Sniper Anti-tank missile 1,920 Delivered by Belarus in 1997 - 1999.[119]
SwitzerlandWest Germany Cobra Anti-tank missile 3,500 3,500 Delivered by Germany between 1965 - 1979. Cobra-1600 and Cobra-2000 versions In service.[119]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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